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Salivary uric acid, total protein and periodontal health status variation in relation to the body mass index (A Clinical and Biochemical study)

Authors: Abdullatif A.H. Al-Juboury عبد اللطيف الجبوري --- Fakhri A. Al-Kaisi فخري القيسي --- Hadeel M. Akram هديل اكرم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 117-120
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is the fastest growing health-related problem in the world. It plays an affecting role in thebiochemistry of many serious systemic diseases like diabetes and CVD. Periodontitis appeared to have a reciprocalrelationship with both, obesity on one hand side and the serious systemic diseases on other hand.Aim of study: is to investigate the effect of obesity and periodontitis on the salivary flow and its uric acid and total protein.Material and method: Eighty one male, aged 30-40 y, systemically healthy, no smokers, having chronic periodontopathicinflammation(gingivitis and / or periodontitis), grouped in three according to BMI, each of 27; GI; normal weight, G2; preobese,and G3; obese. PL.I, GI, BOP, PPD, CAL were clinically recorded at the same hour of unstimulated salivacollection. Probing depth and attachment levels were arranged in scales.Result: Obese group showed significantly high scores of all periodontal data over other 2 groups. Pre-obese showed alsosignificant high scores on the normal weighted. Uric acid was insignificantly low in obese than other 2 groups, while thetotal protein, in obese was significantly higher than other 2 groups, as the salivary flow did. The differences in uric acidand total proteins values were insignificant between normal weights and pre-obese. A significant positive correlationhave been found among periodontal parameters, scale 1 PPD/CAL salivary flow, uric acid, total protein and obesity.Conclusion: Obesity is not only enhancing the severity of periodontopathy, but also modifies the chemical Constituents ofsaliva.


Article
A cross-sectional tri-level study of the obesity effects on the salivary uric acid and total protein of gingivitis Iraqi subjects

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is the fastest growing health-related problem in the world. It plays an affecting role in thebiochemistry of many serious systemic diseases like diabetes and CVD. Periodontitis appeared to have a reciprocalrelationship with both, obesity on one hand side and the serious systemic diseases on other hand. The aim of study: isto investigate the inter linking between obesity and gingivitis by screening the salivary uric acid and total protein.Material and method: Control healthy periodontal and systemically-normal weight,27 male, ( CG), gingivitis–normalweight, systemically healthy(GN) 16 male, Gingivitis-overweight-systemically healthy(GOV) 14 male).and Gingivitisobese-systemically healthy(GO)12 male, aged 30-40 y, no smokers, Their weight measured according to BMI.Clinical data were recorded according to PL.I, GI, BOP, at the same hour of unstimulated saliva collection.Results: Obese subjects showed increased PL.I, G.I, BOP scores and high significant increase of salivary total protein.BOP; showed significant increase in bleeding sites as the Body Mass Index goes up. Uric acid showed, always,negative correlation with the totality of gingival inflammation parameters, they were significant only with normalweight subjects.Conclusion: Total protein. Appeared significantly positive correlated to gingivitis more than to the obesity. While Uricacid correlated insignificantly negative with the gingivitis but not to the increased body weight.The increased bodyweight also positively correlated to the gingival inflammation, these results could say that gingivitis modifies the salivarychemicals while the obesity enhances gingivitis

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