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Article
Anaerobic Microbiological study of periodontitis in Salah Al – Deen City

Authors: Hadeel M. Younis. --- Mohemid M. Al- Jebouri.
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2016 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 10-15
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Oral flora responsible for periodontal disease is polymorphic. The periodontal infection results either from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms in the tissues, or even the activation of already existing germs, but not pathogenic under normal conditions. The aims of this study was carried out to evaluate selected bacterial agents causing periodontitis. One hundred eighty samples were examined in the present study. Clinical measurements of periodontal parameters used included dental plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss. The results of periodontitis were the most common anaerobic periodontal bacteria isolated from patients were peptostreptococcus prevotii which represented 15(8.3%) isolates, while prevotella intermedia, prevotella melani, prevotella disiens, Bifidobacterium sp., Fusibacterium mortiferum peptostreptococcus tetradius, and Wolinella sp. represented only 1 (0.5%) isolates.Also another anaerobic subgingival bacteria isolated from inflamed sites in patients were fusibacterium varium ,vellionella sp., campylobacter gracilis, capnocytophaga sp. ,peptostreptococcus magnus, peptostreptococcus micros, peptostreptococcus niger,peptostreptococcus anaerobius, staphylococcus saccharolyticus, streptococcus consellatus, and gemella morbillorum. Concerning to the results of this study the researcher concludes peptostreptococcus prevotii, prevotella intermedia, prevotella melani, prevotella disiens, Bifidobacterium sp., Fusibacterium mortiferum peptostreptococcus tetradius, and Wolinella sp. fusibacterium varium ,vellionella sp., campylobacter gracilis, capnocytophaga sp. ,peptostreptococcus magnus, peptostreptococcus micros, peptostreptococcus niger,peptostreptococcus anaerobius, staphylococcus saccharolyticus, streptococcus consellatus, and gemella morbillorum were the most common anaerobic periodontal pathogens isolated from patients in the present study.


Article
The Relationship between Periodontal Disease and Predisposing Factors

Authors: Mohemid M. Al- Jebouri. --- Hadeel M. Younis
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2016 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 68-80
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Periodontitis is an inflammatory lesion mediated by host-bacterial interactions which results in a non-resolving inflammation that leads to local connective tissue attachment loss from the tooth surface, loss of alveolar bone and ultimately tooth loss Indeed, periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the western world and developing countries. The aims of this study was to estimate the relationships between periodontal disease and predisposing factors. One hundred eighty samples (paper point inserted into periodontal pocket) were examined in the present study . Patients were of both sexes(140 males and 40 females).Their ages ranged from 16-69 years old. Clinical measurements of periodontal parameters used included dental plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss . The results showed that periodontal disease was the most common in age group 20-29 years old and only a case reported with periodontal disease in 65 years old patients. According to sex distribution of patients, periodontal disease was mostly found in males than females. The periodontitis was more common in non-educated,treated ,smoking patients they living in rural area than educated,non treated ,non-smoking patients . they living in urban area.The most common anaerobic periodontal bacteria isolated from patients were peptostreptococcus prevotii which represented 15(8.3%) isolates, while prevotella intermedia, prevotella melani, prevotella disiens, Bifidobacterium sp., Fusibacterium mortiferum peptostreptococcus tetradius ,and Wolinella sp. represented only 1 (0.5%) of anaerobic isolates .Also another anaerobic subgingival bacteria isolated from inflamed sites in patients were fusibacterium varium, vellionella sp., campylobacter gracilis, capnocytophaga sp., peptostreptococcus magnus, peptostreptococcus micros, peptostreptococcus niger,peptostreptococcus anaerobius, staphylococcus saccharolyticus, streptococcus consellatus, and gemella morbillorum.


Article
Rotavirus infection in children suffering from gastroenteritis in Kirkuk province

Authors: Gateen I. Ali , Hind I. Abdullah --- Hadeel M. Younis
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Pure Science مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 18131662 Year: 2010 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 174-179
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

This study was conducted in kirkuk city on a total of 114 child suffering from acute diarrhea for less than two weeks duration and admitted to Azadi General Hospital in Kirkuk in Pediatric and emergencies wards and who attended to primary health center in Arafa and Al-Wassity .The main aim of this study was to diagnose acute gastroenteritis due to rotavirus infection among infants and children aged between one day to twenty four months, during five months. All fecal specimens were examined for children suffering from acute diarrhea , diagnostic laboratory tests were performed on each sample by macroscopic examination , microscopic examination and latex agglutination test for detecting the presence of rotavirus. The rate of acute Rota viral gastroenteritis in children was found to be 27 cases (23.68%)and infection with this virus increased in children this virus under two years old with slight difference between male 16 cases (14,03%) and female 11 cases (9,64%).At the same time the rate of acute Rota viral gastroenteritis was higher among urban children 12 cases (10.52%)than 5 cases(4,38%).Also, the frequency of the disease was found to be lower in breast feeding educated mother, and river water drinking children with percentage value of 10.63% , 14.28% , and 16.66% respectively than bottle feeding, illiterate mother and municipal water drinking children with values of 34.28% ,30.28%, and 25,55% respectively . The peak of this infection was seen in children age 6-12 month which recorded 30% while a lower value of 15.78% was recorded among children aged 1 day to 6 month

أجريت هذه الدراسة في محافظة كركوك على 114 طفل يعانون من الإسهال الحاد لفترة اقل من أسبوعين عند الأطفال الذين ادخلوا إلى مستشفى أزاد المركزي,في ردهة الأطفال وفي ردهة الطوارئ ومن المراجعين إلى الرفأ والواسطي الصحي . الهدف الأساس من هده الدراسة هو تشخيص الالتهاب المعوي الحاد المتسبب عن فيروس الروتا لدى الأطفال الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين يوم واحد و24شهر ,وخلال خمسة اشهراذ تم فحص جميع عينات الخروج للأطفال الذين يعانون من إسهال حاد وتم التشخيص مختبريا بإجراء الفحص العياني اجري الفحص ألمجهري وفحص التلازن لتحديد وجود فيروس الروتا . معدل الالتهاب المعوي الحاد الناتج عن الاصابة بفايروس روتا سجل في 27 حالة (23,68)% عند الأطفال. تحت 2 سنة من العمر مع اختلاف طفيف بين الذكور 16حالة (14,03)% والإناث 11 حالة (9,64)% .وأظهرت الدراسة إن المرض أكثر تكرارا بين أطفال الريف إذ أعطى 12 طفل وبنسبة 10.52%بينما ظهر 5 حالات وبنسبة 4.38%لدى أطفال المدينة.وان المرض يكون اقل تكرارا لدى الأطفال المعتمدين على الرضاعة الطبيعية وأبناء المتعلمات بينما كانت نسب الإصابة عند الأطفال الدين يشربون ماء النهر والمعتمدين على الرضاعة الصناعية وأبناء غير المتعلمات 10,63 % ,14,28% ,16,66 % على التوالي أما الأطفال الدين يشربون الماء المعقم كانت نسبهم 34,28% 30,28 % و 25,5 % على التوالي . وان أعلى معدل الإصابة كان عند الأطفال بعمر 6- 12 شهر إذ سجل 30 %بينما اقل نسبة كانت 15,78 % عند الأطفال الذين تراوحت أعمارهم بين يوم واحد الى16 شهر .

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