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Article
Nurses’ experiences and perceptions of medication administration errors
تجارب وتصورات الممرضات عن أخطاء اعطاء الدواء

Authors: Halmat Authman Rasheed --- Goran Aboobaker Osman --- Newroz Ghazi Aziz
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 217-226
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Medication administration errors are the most common medical errors that happen in hospital settings. This study aimed to find out the most common types of medication administration errors done by the hospital nurses and identifying factors that lead to medication administration errors.Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted across Erbil teaching hospitals over a period of three months from June 2016 to September 2016. A convenience sample of 250 nurses who were working in acute, subacute, and general wards and had direct contact with the medication administration were included in this study. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire.Results: According to this study the most common types of medication errors were, noticing allergy after drugs administration and administering drugs at a wrong time. The highest leading factors of medication administration errors were illegible medication orders of the physicians, lack of adequate staffing and workload. High statistical differences were found between the frequency of medication administration errors with nurses’ educational level, overall working experience, and nurses understanding language.Conclusion: This study concluded that medication administration errors have multiple causes and types of errors are various.


Article
Nurses’ knowledge of the nutritional management of renal failure in Erbil City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
معرفة الممرضات عن العلاج الغذائي للفشل الكلوي في مدينة أربيل، إقليم كوردستان، العراق

Authors: Yousif Mohammed Younis --- Goran Aboobaker Osman --- Newroz Ghazi Aziz --- Halmat Authman Rasheed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 385-393
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Renal failure is a worldwide public health concern due to the significant increase of patients each year. Diet and nutrition play a crucial role in symptom management, quality of life and survival of renal failure patients, as well as the prevention of disease progression. This study aimed to assess nurses’ knowledge of the nutritional management of patients with renal failure and to find out the relationship between nurses’ knowledge and their socio-demographic characteristics.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional research design was used from April to August 2016. A purposive sample of 51 nurses at the Dialysis Unit of Hawler Teaching Hospital and Hawler Dialysis Center, Kurdistan Region, Iraq were recruited and completed a self-reported questionnaire.Results: Most participating nurses were male (76.5%), and the majority (52.9%) were between 26-32 years old . Most of them were married (68.6%), had a diploma certificate (58.7%) with 37.3% having 4-7 years of working experience at the two above-noted dialysis centers. The majority of nurses (70.6%) had fair knowledge score, while 17.6% had a good knowledge score and 11.8% had a low knowledge score.Conclusion: The majority of nurses had fair knowledge regarding nutritional management for renal failure patients.

Keywords

Knowledge --- Renal failure --- Diet --- Nurse

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