research centers


Search results: Found 19

Listing 1 - 10 of 19 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by

Article
A Survey Of Blood Lead Levels In Various Types Of Male Workers In Hilla City, Iraq

Author: Hasan Alwan Baiee
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2013 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 1065-1075
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

BackgroundIn Iraq, although there are numerous small-scale and medium private sector workshops which use lead-based raw materials that may pose health risks to workers, there are no workplace regulations for lead exposure. MethodA cross-sectional study on the Blood lead levels of (178) occupationally exposed and a comparison group of non- exposed male workers was carried out in Hilla city – Babylon province- Iraq. Data on some risk factors such as age smoking, types of work, period of services and other variables like Body Mass Index and hypertension were gathered through structured questionnaires and interviews , body mass index , and blood pressure were measured . Blood sample was collected and analyzed for each participant by Lead Care Blood Testing System. Data analysis was performed using SPSS (version 17). Results The mean blood lead level of all groups was 23.50±16.35 the range was2.9-67. The highest blood lead mean was among workers engaged in radiator repairing ( 36.75± 20.26 ) followed by the mean of battery storage repair workers (29.80±16.16 ) . The mean blood lead level of the occupationally non exposed comparison group (13.02±6.89 ) which was significantly lower than the means of the occupationally exposed groups P<0.001. The blood lead levels were significantly increased with the increments of the following independent variables : age, period of services ,body mass index . smoking ,systolic and diastolic blood pressures .Conclusion The findings of the study have clearly demonstrated that the blood lead levels of occupationally exposed workers were considerably high and they are in danger of impending lead toxicity. The blood lead levels of the workers are influenced by their occupational practices, age, period of employement, smoking , and associated positively with high blood pressure .

خلفية البحث في العراق تنتشر الورش الصغيرة والمتوسطة التي تستعمل الرصاص كمادة أولية تعرض العمال إلى مخاطر صحية و لا توجد فيها قواعد سلامة مهنية ضابطة للتعرض للرصاص.طريقة العمل أجريت دراسة مقطعية عرضية ل 178 عامل من الذكور معرضون مهنيا للرصاص ومنهم لم يتعرضوا ( مجموعة مقارنة ) في مركز مدينة الحلة- محافظة بابل – العراق, خلال عام 2007, تم جمع البيانات عن بعض عوامل الخطر مثل العمر, التدخين ونوعية العمل ومدته,ومتغيرات مستقلة أخرى مثل مؤشر كتلة الجسم وضغط الدم الشرياني عن طريق ورقة استبانه تم ملئها بالمقابلة الشخصية من قبل الباحث . أجريت قياسات للوزن والطول لحساب كتلة الجسم وقياس لضغط الدم كما تم قياس مستوى الرصاص لكل مشارك بطريقة Lead Care . تم التحليل ألإحصائي ببرنامج إحصاء العلوم ألاجتماعية (17Blood Testing System ألنتائجكان معدل مستوى الرصاص لجميع المشتركين من العاملين الذكور (23.50±16.3وكان مجال مستوى الرصاص في دمهم ,ظهر أعلى معدل مستوى للرصاص في الدم عند العاملين في تصليح الراديترات36.75+20.26 يلي ذلك معدل الرصاص للعاملين في ورش تصليح 29.80+16.16 البطاريات 29.80±16.16 اظهرت الدراسة وجود فرق إحصائي معنوي مهم بين معدل الرصاص لدى إفراد العينة الضابطة والمتغيرات ألآتية : أنواع المهن, مدة العمل, تقدم العمر , زيادة الوزن, التدخين و ارتفاع ضغط الدمألاستنتاجأوضحت الدراسة وجود زيادة إحصائية معنوية مهمة في معدلات الرصاص في دم العاملين في مهن تصليح الراديرات وتصليح البطاريات والعاملين بتصليح السيارات ورجال شرطة المرور مقارنة بمعدل الرصاص في دم المعلمين (العينة الضابطة ).ووجددت علاقة مهمة إحصائيا بين زيادة الرصاص وأنواع المهن,التدخين زيادة كل من العمر , مؤشر كتلة الجسم , وارتفاع ضغط الدم الشرياني.


Article
Impact of School Bag on Pulmonary Functions among Elementary School Children in Al-Hilla City-Iraq

Authors: Hasan Alwan Baiee --- Saraa Alaa
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 1101 -1108
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Backpacks are used by school children to carry their materials. Heavy backpacks associated with several adverse effects on the health of children and may interfere with their school achievement.The objective to assess the effect of school bags on pulmonary functions of school children in Al- Hilla city.This is a descriptive school based cross sectional study which was carried out on a convenient sample of 220 healthy pupils, from the fifth and sixth grades, from four randomly selected primary schools during the period from February through May, 2015.Written and verbal consents were obtained from the pupils and their parents .Data were collected through interviewing the participants by using a structured questionnaire contained sociodemographic and school bag related information. Pulmonary function test was performed using an electronic portable spirometer (discovery-2 USA), after measuring the weight and height of the participants.Pulmonary function parameters were significantly reduced after carrying backpack (p value < 0.001) except the FEV1/FVC was increased after carrying the backpack .The results indicate that there was a significant reduction of the ventilatory functions of primary school children after carrying the backpack. Preventive measures are needed to protect school children.


Article
Epidemiological Characteristics of Mumps Outbreak in the South Districts of Babylon province During the Years 2016-2017

Authors: Hasan Alwan Baiee --- Weli Hatif
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 585 -592
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Mumps virus is a highly infectious pathological agent, despite the use of vaccination, outbreaks continue to occur worldwide and affects all age groups. There is no specific treatment for mumps. The study aimed to investigate the epidemiologic features of a mumps outbreak in two districts located in the southern region of Babylon Governorate. The study was a cross sectional descriptive epidemiologic survey that included all notified cases of mumps reported by the primary health care authorities in southern region of Babylon Governorate during the year 2016–February 2017, a total of 693 clinically diagnosed mumps cases were studied from the records during this period in 4 primary health care centers (two in Al-Qasim district and two in AL-Showmaly district).Person Place Time epidemiologic model was applied to describe the occurrences of the disease. The Study results revealed that the male to female ratio of patients was 2:1 and most of the cases 26.4% occurred in January more than two thirds of cases were living in the city district (71%), about half of the patients (56%) were vaccinated against the disease. In conclusion Mumps occurs more among males and the frequency of this viral disease is high during January. The role of vaccination was limited in protection of patients against this disease, third booster dose of mumps vaccine is recommended after serological monitoring to evaluate the levels of antibodies to prevent future epidemics.


Article
Epidemiologic Features of Cholera Epidemic In Al Hilla City-Babylon Province-Iraq 2015

Authors: Zahraa Malik --- Hasan Alwan Baiee
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 208-216
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Cholera is a diarrheal disease, if untreated, leads to high morbidity and mortality. It has economic and social impact, several epidemics occurred in Iraq during the last years.Objective: To describe the cholera epidemic in a person place,and time epidemiologic model Methodology: This is a descriptive cross sectional study (describe the occurrence of disease in person , place ,and time descriptive epidemiologic approach) . Data were collected using records of patients admitted to merjan and pediatric teaching hospitals in Hilla city who were diagnosed and confirmed by stool culture(according to the central public health laboratory results) during the period of the last epidemic (from the first of August through November 2015). The duration of this study started from the beginning of February to the end of May 2016. A sample of150 confirmed cholera cases were selected in a systematic random sample technique ,the missed data of these cases were completed by phone after getting the verbal consents of patients or their families . Results: This study revealed that the peak frequency incidental cholera cases was on September, and most of cholera cases occured in Al-Tajea district. The most affected age group was (5-20), no significant difference was reported according to gender. p>0.05 most of the cases were illiterate , lived in overcrowded houses , The disease is more common in internally displaced persons and those who drink water from wells and rivers. Conclusion: Cholera cases were at highest incidental rate in September and in Al-Tajea district, the most affected age group was(5-20years) , the disease was more common among Illiterate people, living in overcrowded houses . Internally displace and those who use river and well water .

خلفية البحث: مرض الهيضة هو مرض معدي يصيب الأنسان بالإسهال، اذا لم تتم معالجته بصورة صحيحة وبسرعة يؤدي إلى الموت وله تبعات اقتصاديه واجتماعيه . فوعات وبائية للمرض حصلت في العراق في السنوات الأخيرة.هدف الدراسة: وصف وباء الكوليرا باستخدام الثالوث الوبائي الشخص, الزمان المكان.طرائق البحث: دراسة وصفية مقطعية باستخدام الثالوث الوبائي (الشخص، المكان، الزمان).هذه البيانات جمعت من سجلات المرضى الراقدين في مستشفى مرجان التعليمي ومستشفيات الأطفال في مدينة الحلة تم تاكيد الحالات اعتمادا على نتائج الزرع الجرثومي من مختبر الصحة العمة المركزي في بغداد. استمرت هذه الدراسة من الأول من شهر شباط 2016 الى الثلاثين من شهر أيار من نفس السنة. وتم خلالها اختيار عينه منهجيه عشوائية شملت 150 حالة مؤكدة من المصابين بمرض الهيضة .واخذ عناوين وارقام هواتف المصابين لاستكمال البيانات عبر الهاتف الجوال بعد اخذ الموافقات المهنية والأخلاقية.النتائج: اعلى معدل انتشار للإصابات كانت في منطقة التاجية وأظهرت هذه الدراسة ان اعلى نسبة من الإصابات سجلت في شهر أيلول وقعت اعلى للإصابات في الفئة العمرية (5-20) سنة , لا يوجد فرق إحصائي معنوي للإصابات بين الإناث والذكور p>0.05)). بينت الدراسة ان الأميين هم الأكثر تعرضا لخطر هذا المرض وبشكل إحصائي يعتد به p<0.05 وقد اثبت في هذه الدراسة ان الازدحام في المنزل مرتبط بانتشار المرض حيث كان الساكنون في البيوت المزدحمة والقليلة الغرف اكثر عرضه للإصابة ,.وبينت هذه الدراسة ان المهجرين هم الأكثر استعدادا للإصابة بالمرض و شرب ماء النهر والإبار هو احد عوامل تفشي الوباء . الاستنتاج: ان حالات الكوليرا كانت الأكثر في شهر أيلول في منطقة التاجية .وان الأميه والازدحام في المساكن والتهجير وشرب الماء من النهر والإبار هي عوامل مرتبطة بحدوث المرض بين سكان مدينة الحلة خلال الوباء الأخير .


Article
Measles among Adolescents and Young Adults Hospitalized in Merjan Teaching Hospital-Babylon during the 2008-2009 Epidemic
الحصبة عند المراهقين و البالغين الذين أدخلوا مستشفى مرجان التعليمي خلال وباء الحصبة عام 2008-2009

Author: Hasan Alwan Baiee د. حسن علوان بيعي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 7-12
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract Background: Despite the launch of the national plan for measles elimination, in Iraq, immunization coverage remains suboptimal and outbreaks continue to occur. Objectives: To study the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of measles adolescents and adult patients admitted to Medical Merjan City Babylon, Iraq. Patients and Methods: This is a cross sectional study carried out during the last epidemic that took place in Babylon during the year2008- 2009. The study included all patients aged 11 years and above from the first of May 2008, through the end of April, 2009, interviewing of patients were carried out by trained medical staff using a structured questionnaire to collect demographic and clinical data about the cases . Diagnosis was done according to WHO criteria. Results: This study reveals that the overall incidence rate of measles was (59per100000 persons) and the highest incidence (71/100000 persons) was among dwellers in Al-Hilla city (urban area). Most of the cases occurred in winter and spring seasons. The highest proportion of cases was in the age group 21-25 years of age (31.8%). Male to female ratio was 1.1: 1. The most common signs and symptoms among the studied patients were rash, fever and cough which constituted100%, 99, 94%, respectively. Pneumonia and diarrhea were the main complications, 2 pregnant females died with a case fatality rate during pregnancy (1.5%). Among 130 pregnant women three abortions (2.3%) and five women delivered prematurely (3.8%). Conclusions: These cases underline the potential severity of this infection and the difficulty to diagnose measles at the early phase the successful elimination of measles in our country will require additional efforts to immunize low vaccine coverage population groups, including hard-to-reach individuals, adolescents, and young adults and an enhanced surveillance system.Keywords: Epidemiology, measles, Adolescents, young adults, outbreak, Babylon, Iraq.

الخلاصة :خلفية البحث: بالرغم من بدء حملة الحد من ألحصبة في ألعراق لكن التغطية بالتحصين لاتزال غير فعالة لتستمر معها حدوث فوعات أوبئة للمرض الأهداف: دراسة الصفات الوبائية والسريرية للمراهقين والبالغين من مرضى الحصبة الذين ادخلوا مستشفى مرجان ألتعليمي في محافظة بابل – العراقالمرضى وطرائق العمل: دراسة مقطعية لجميع المرضى فوق الحادية عشر من العمر المصابين بمرض الحصبة والذين ادخلوا مستشفى مرجان التعليمي في الوباء ألأخير للمرض للفترة من مايس 2008 لنهاية مايس2009 حيث تم مقابلة المرضى الراقدين من قبل عاملين صحيين تم تدريبهم لهذا الغرض باستعمال ورقة استبانه مهيكلة أعدت لجمع بيانات وبائية ديموغرافية وسريريه عن المرض, وتم التشخيص سريريا وبالفحوص المختبرية وفق معايير منظمة الصحة العالمية المعتمدة .النتائج : أظهرت الدراسة إن معدل وقوع الحصبة الشديدة للمراهقين والبالغين كان (59 لكل 100000 نسمة) و إن سكنه الريف (القرى) هم الأكثر إصابة وبنسبة (69%) مقارنة بسكان مراكز المدن، ان حالات دخول الحصبة كانت الأكثر في موسمي الشتاء والربيع, وكان البالغون من الفئة العمرية 21-25 سنة هم الأكثرية بين المرضى(83,31%), وكان المرضى الذكور هم الأعلى نسبيا حيث كانت النسبة ألإناث: الذكور1:1,1 أهم العلامات والأعراض السريرية للمرض هي الطفح الجلدي وارتفاع درجة الحرارة والسعال وبنسبة 100%، 99% و 94% وكانت اهم مضاعفات المرض هي التهاب الرئة الحاد و الإسهال، توفى اثنان من المرضى الحوامل بمعدل إماتة (1,5%) من بين 130 امرأة حامل مصابة بالحصبة كانت هناك 3 حالات إجهاض (3, 2%) وخمس ولادات مبكرة (8, 3 %). الاستنتاج: دراسة هذه الحالات يؤشر الخطورة الكامنة للعدوى وصعوبة التشخيص المبكر للحالات ,للسيطرة على هذا المرض في بلدنا لابد من زيادة التغطية بلقاح الحصبة وخاصة للجماعات العالية الخطورة والهامشية من الشباب إضافة لتفعيل نظام الترصد الوبائي


Article
Pulmonary Function Test for Water Pipe smokers and Cigarette smokers in Males in Al- Hilla City during the Year 2014

Authors: Hasan Alwan Baiee --- Rabab Ibrahim Mahmoud
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 1029-1036
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A traditional pattern of smoking in the Middle Eastern countries is water pipe smoking. Publicly considered as a harmless entertainment. Many studies have shown that water pipe smoking associated with development of respiratory symptoms and varying degrees of reduction in the lung function.The aim of this study is to assess pulmonary functions among different groups of young male smokers: water pipe smokers, cigarette smokers, water pipe plus cigarette smokers, and compare it with a control (nonsmokers) group. This is a comparative cross-sectional study which conducted on 200 male subjects, subdivided into three groups of smokers: 50 water pipe smokers, 50 cigarette smokers and 50 water pipe plus cigarette smokers and a fourth group of 50 nonsmokers as a control group, all participants were apparently healthy and matched for sex, age, and body mass index they were selected from five primary health care centers in Hilla city. Data were collected through structured questionnaire for existence of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function test was performed by portable electronic spirometer (discovery-2 USA) after gaining the participant consent.There was no significant differences between the mean ages of the study groups (p>0.05): water pipe smokers (23.96±2.66), cigarette smokers (24.762±2.25), water pipe plus cigarette smokers (24.382±2.09) and nonsmokers (24.922±2.25). The present study revealed that there was a significant reduction in the parameters of the pulmonary function test ( forced expiratory volume in one second ) (forced expiratory volume in one second / forced vital capacity % )for the three groups of smokers as compared to their expected ( predictive ) values as compared to the control group ( P < 0.001 ) .Lung function impairments were very sever in water pipe plus cigarette smokers which constituted 52% while in water pipe smokers it constituted 48%.Water pipe smoking lead to significant reduction in the lungs efficiency and increase in respiratory symptoms among young adult male water pipe smokers in Al-Hillacity.Pulmonary function test parameters were significantly reduced in Water pipe plus cigarette smokers urgent water pipe and tobacco smoking cessation campaign is strongly required .


Article
Pidemiological Features of Road Traffic Accident Deaths in Babylon Province during the Period 2010-2014

Authors: Bashaer Diah --- Hasan Alwan Baiee --- Mohend AlShalah
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2017 Volume: 25 Issue: 3 Pages: 1129-1138
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

BackgroundRoad Traffic Accidents are the fifth leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Iraq, traffic accidents are increasing continuously leading to more fatalities that rank Iraq as a number four in the world. Objectives:To assess the epidemiological features of fatal RTIs in a time, place, person epidemiologic model and to identify the trend of Road Traffic Injury mortalities in Babylon province during 5 years.Materials and Methods:This was a descriptive cross-sectional study included a retrospective analysis of the forensic medicine data presented in the records for the period 2010-2014.The time needed to conduct this study from 1st of February to end of May,2015. After the approval of the study protocol by the local health ethical committees , a structured questionnaire was used to collect data according to the descriptive epidemiologic model (time, place and person).Results:During the period 2010 – 2014, mortality rates were higher in males than females with male to female ratio of 3.25:1 . Higher mortality rates reported in the year 2012. Most mortalities occurred during June, October, November and December. Most mortalities due to RTIs occurred among unemployed (38.8%) and student (18.0%) that lives in urban areas. Main roads were most common places for fatal Road Traffic Injuries( RTIs) in Babylon province and represent (72%). Head injury was the dominant site of injury (33.1%) followed by lower limbs. The overall proportional mortality ratio of RTIs was (30.8%).Conclusions:During the period 2010-2014, higher proportion of mortalities reported due to RTIs and the trend of RTI fatalities peaked in 2012 and declined in the next two years.

الخلفية : تعد حوادث الطرق خامس سبب للوفيات والمراضة على المستوى العالمي، الوفيات بسبب حوادث السير في العراق يتزايد باستمرار لدرجة تبوء البلد المرتبة الرابعة عالميا في هذا السبب من الوفاة.الهدف : تقييم الصفات الوبائية لحوادث السير وتحديد نمطها لمدة خمس سنوات في المحافظة.طريقة العمل : دراسة وبائية وصفية مقطعية اعتمدت النمط الوبائي الوصفي لدراسة الحادثة المرورية ونتائجها (المكان، الزمان، الشخص المتوفى)، اجريت هذه الدراسة للمدة من بداية شباط الى نهاية شهر ايار 2015، تم مراجعة جميع سجلات الوفيات في قسم الطب العدلي في محافظة بابل لسنوات الدراسة الخمسة واعدت ورقة استبانة تتضمن معلومات تلبي النمط الوبائي المتبع في منهجية هذه الدراسة.النتائج : اظهرت الدراسة ان اكثر الوفيات كانت في عام 2012، وان الذكور هم الأكثر تعرضا للموت من الاناث ونسبة اكثر من 3:1 كانت اشهر تشرين الاول وحزيران وكانون الاول هي الاكثر تسجيلا لحالات الموت بسب حوادث السير قياسا بالأشهر الاخرى وبفارق احصائي معنوي مهم p<0.05، كان غير الموظفين يليهم الطلبة هم الاكثر موتا بسبب الحوادث , وكانت اصابات الراس هي الأكثر بين الضحايا.الاستنتاج : حوادث السير في المحافظة السبب الرئيسي للموت في وقائع الطب العدلي قياسا بالأسباب الدفينة الاخرى للموت في المحافظة , ضحاياها هم الذكور في عمر الانتاج والطلبة , اجراءات عاجلة يجب ان يشارك بها الجميع وبإدارة واعية من الجهات المختصة للحد من هذا الدمار الصحي والاقتصادي والاجتماعي للمجتمع.


Article
Epidemiologic Features Of Dog Bites In Babylon Province During The Years 2012-2016

Authors: Hadeel Turki Bairmani --- Hasan Alwan Baiee
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 461 -469
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Dog bites is a public health problem especially in low and middle income countries including Iraq in which epidemiologic studies on dog bites and rabies are very scarce. A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted using Time Person Place epidemiologic model. Male were significantly more predominate and younger than females victims p<0.001. Children under ten years of age and students constituted the majority of dog bites cases (34.7%) and (37.7%) respectively. The study revealed that one sixth of dog bites victims didn’t receive prophylactic anti rabies vaccine, only 17.8% of them had completed the five recommended doses. Lower limbs were the main body site exposed to biting injuries which constituted 73.7% followed by upper limbs (20%), February and March showed the highest proportion of dog bites (24.7%). the majority of dog bites (36.6%) were reported in Al-Hashmia district.The problem of dog bite is an important health problem in Babylon affecting mainly male children more than four fifth of victims didn’t complete the recommended anti rabies prophylactic vaccination, strategic preventive health plan is strongly requested to prevent and control this health problem.

Keywords

Epidemiology --- dog bites --- Babylon --- Iraq.


Article
Epidemiological and Clinical Features of Hydatid Cyst Disease in Babylon Province, During the years 2010-2015

Authors: Aulla Abbas Fadhil --- Hasan Alwan Baiee
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 185-199
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background:-Hydatid disease is a chronic parasitic disease highly endemic in Iraq, it has serious health and economic consequences.Objectives:-To identify epidemiologic features in (person, place, and time) module of hydatid cyst disease and describing its clinical features among patients admitted to public hospitals for surgery.Methodology:-This cross sectional study was conducted by reviewing the clinical records of 208 hydatid cyst patients who were admitted to eight public hospitals in Babylon province during 6 years period (2010-2015), the records of all patients of hydatid disease were studied single handy by the researcher, incomplete, duplicated records and non surgically operated patients were excluded from this study. The period of the study extended from February 2016 through June 2016, the following independent variables were studied; such as socio-demographic data, clinical presentation of the disease and the organs involved and other characteristics of cyst.Results:-This study revealed that the average and the standard deviation of patients age were (34.13±16.17), females were significantly more infected than males (p>0.05), liver was the most infected organ (82.2%),more than two thirds of cases(70.2%) had a single cyst. The disease was predominantly present among rural dwellers(55.8%).About 15% of cases had cysts more than (10cm) in diameter. The predominant presentation of the disease was abdominal pain(52.4%) followed by abdominal mass.This study revealed that this disease was predominated in people with low socioeconomic status. Conclusion:-Hydatid cyst disease is an endemic disease in Babylon province, it was more common in females, low socioeconomic status groups, rural dwellers; liver is the most commonly infected organ. A strategic plan should be put to eliminate this disease in our society.

خلفية البحث: داء الأكياس العداريه هو من الأمراض الطفيلية المزمنة المستوطنة لحد الآن في العراق,له عواقب صحية واقتصادية خطيرة.الأهداف: للتعرف على السمات الوبائية لمرض الأكياس العداريه في النمط الوبائي (الشخص، المكان، والزمان) ووصف معالمه السريرية بين المرضى الذين يتم إدخالهم إلى المستشفيات العامة لإجراء العمليات الجراحية لغرض رفع الكيس.طريقة البحث: أجريت هذه الدراسة المقطعية من خلال مراجعة السجلات السريرية ل(208 (مريض بداء الأكياس العداريه الداخلين في ثمان مستشفيات عامه في محافظة بابل خلال فترة 6 سنوات (2010-2015)، وتمت دراسة سجلات جميع مرضى الأكياس العداريه بشكل مفرد بأيدي الباحث, وقد استبعدت السجلات الناقصة والمكررة والمرضى الذين لم يتم علاجهم جراحيا من الدراسة، هذا وقد امتدت فترة الدراسة من شباط 2016 حتى نهاية حزيران 2016, هذا وتمت دراسة المتغيرات المستقلة التالية: مثل البيانات الاجتماعية الديموغرافية والأعراض السريرية للمرض والعضو المصاب وغيرها من خصائص ومميزات الكيس.النتائج: كشفت هذه الدراسة أن متوسط العمر و الانحراف المعياري للمرضى كان سن (34.13 ± 16.17)، وقد كانت إصابة الإناث أكثر من الذكور بفارق معنوي و إحصائي ملحوظ0.05) >p)، وكان الكبد العضو الأكثر إصابة بنسبة (82.2٪)، وقد كان أكثر من ثلثي الحالات (70.2٪) لديهم كيس منفرد. كما كان هذا المرض منتشراً في الغالب بين سكان الريف بنسبة (55.8٪) مقارنة بسكان المدينة. وكان حوالي( 15٪) من الحالات لديهم أكياس قطرها يزيد عن(10سم). وكان العارض السريري السائد للمرض هو ألم البطن بنسبة (52.4٪) ويليه ورم البطن. كشفت هذه الدراسة أن هذا المرض هو مرض منتشر بشكل كبير بين الناس ذوي الوضع الاجتماعي والاقتصادي المنخفض.الاستنتاج: داء الأكياس العداريه هو مرض متوطن في محافظة بابل، أكثر شيوعا في الإناث، و بين مجاميع الناس ذوي الأحوال الاقتصادية والاجتماعية المنخفضة، وأكثر انتشاراً بين سكان الريف مقارنة بسكان المدينة، وان الكبد عادة هو العضو الأكثر عرضة للإصابة. يجب وضع خطه استراتيجيه للقضاء على هذا المرض في مجتمعنا.


Article
Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency and Its Correlate with Overweight and Obesity in Community‑Dwelling Old Adults

Author: Ismael Hasan Jawad, Hasan Alwan Baiee
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2020 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 36-40
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Vitamin D has different biological actions in the body. Vitamin D has the pleiotropic effects in multiple organ systems, andVitamin D deficiency (VDD) was suggested to be associated with overweight and obesity according to previous reports. Several interventionalstudies have examined the effect of Vitamin D supplementation on overweight and obesity. Objectives: the aim of this study is to identifythe prevalence of VDD and its correlate with overweight and obesity in community‑dwelling old adults. Materials and Methods: This wasa cross‑sectional study that included convenient consecutive sample of elderly people who attended the office of retired employees and theelders’ home in Hilla City‑Babylon Province–Iraq. The period of the study started from the first of January to September 2019, and a pretestedsemi‑structured questionnaire was used to interview the participants after obtaining their verbal consent. The sample included (300) old adultsof both genders; the serum level of Vitamin D was assessed by chemoimmunoassay method. The weight was measured in kilograms by usingweight measuring balanced scale for all individuals, and height was measured (in centimeters) by using a fixed board in standing position withoutshoes, the head in the horizontal plane. The body mass index was calculated according to weight in kg/height in m2. Results: The study included300 participants; most of the study sample had either insufficiency or deficiency of Vitamin D level. Obese and overweight elders in this studyhad significant low serum Vitamin D level (both deficiency and insufficiency of vitamin) as compared to the nonobese group; this differencewas statistically significant P < 0.05. Conclusion: There was a significant inverse relationship between Vitamin D level and excess bodyweight in Iraqi old adults.

Listing 1 - 10 of 19 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (19)


Language

English (19)


Year
From To Submit

2020 (1)

2018 (4)

2017 (5)

2016 (1)

2015 (4)

More...