research centers


Search results: Found 5

Listing 1 - 5 of 5
Sort by

Article
Obesity and Asthma Severity Among Adults Presenting to the Out Patient Clinic

Author: Hashim M. Al-Kadhimi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 205-210
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Recent studies have suggested a relationship between asthma and obesity. The risk for developing asthma increases with increasing obesity among individuals. Yet little is known about how obesity influences asthma.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a relation of Obesity to asthma exists among adults presenting to the out patient respiratory clinic , and the correlation between Obesity and spirometric changes in patients with asthma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done for one hundred patients aged 17 to 70 years patients with asthma diagnosed by clinical and pulmonary function test , in the respiratory outpatient's clinic in AL Kadhmia Teaching Hospital.Collected from May to December 2010 The following parameters were assessed:Weight, height, body mass index, gender,spirometric parameters which includes of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity(FVC),FEV1FVC ratio, and forced expiratory flow50% (FEF50%)RESULTS:There were 100 asthmatic patients,32 male and 68 female. There age between 17-70 year, classified into four groups according to BMI. There was significant relation between obesity and asthma (p=0.03),this relation was statistically significant in female(p=0.003) but not in male.spirometry in male showed no statistically significant (p-value > 0.05) for FEV1, FVC FEV1FVC ratio, FEF50% in both non obese and obese, but in female statistically significant for FEV1FVC(p 0.05) ,FEF50% (p 0.036) , while no statistically significant for FEV1, FVC in both groups, for both male and female according to BMI there is statistically significant for FEF50% (p 0.015),while no statistically significant for FEV1FVC, FVC, FEV1 in both groups.CONCLUSION:There was a significant relation between asthma and obesity , in female ,but not in male. There is statistically significant difference for FEF50% ,and FEV1FVC in obese female .Also there is statistically significant difference for FEF50% in both male and female according to BMI.

Keywords

asthma --- obesity --- BMI


Article
The Effect of Age on Clinical and Radiological Presentation in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Baghdad

Authors: Hashim M.Al-Kadhimi --- Haider Noori Dawood
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 125-129
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes the most common type of human tuberculosis worldwide .The most common mode of transmission is by inhalation of droplet nuclei from expectorated respiratory secretions.Active infection is diagnosed by documenting the presence of M tuberculosis in respiratory secretions or other body fluids or tissues.Age is an important determinant of the risk for the disease .The risk may increase in the elderlyOBJECTIVE:To compare the effect of age between elderly and younger on clinical and radiological presentation in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Iraq.PATIENTS AND METHODS:A prospective study was done for 251 patients with smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in outpatient's clinic in the Chest and Respiratory Disease Specialized Center in Baghdad.Collected from January to May 2009.The following parameters were assessed:Age, gender, symptoms, risk factors, radiological findings, and incidence of recurrent .The relation of these parameters between elderly and younger was evaluatedRESULTS:There were 174 young adult patients and 77 elderly patients .The elderly group age was between 60-80years ,and younger adult age was between 17-59 years. There was no significant difference in the symptoms between the two groups .Family history of pulmonary tuberculosis (p=0.009) was more common in young adult, while DM (p=0.001) was more common in elderly .Comparison of radiological findings in young adults vs. elderly patients shown a typical findings (p=0.036) which is more in elderly .There was no significant difference in the incidence of recurrence between the two groups.CONCLUSION:There was no significant difference in the symptoms between elderly and younger age groups .Family history of PTB was more common in young adults, while DM was more common in elderly.A typical radiological findings were more in elderly.There was no significant difference in the incidence of recurrence between the two groups

Keywords

tuberculosis --- age --- radiology


Article
VALUE OF C - REACTIVE PROTEIN MEASUREMENTS IN EXACERBATIONS OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE

Authors: Hashim M. Al-Kadhimi هاشم مهدي هاشم الكاظمي --- Methaq A. M. Hussein ميثاق عبد الحسين
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2011 Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 80-85
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: The acute phase protein, CRP, when elevated, provides good evidence of an active tissue–damaging process. Thus; its measurement provides a simple screening test for active organic disease .Increased CRP production is a very early and sensitive response to most forms of bacterial infection..Objective: was to ascertain whether infective exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and their successful treatment correlate with corresponding changes in CRP level.Methods: Fifty Patients (age 65 ± 6 years) diagnosed as COPD on the basis of clinical history and pulmonary function test were enrolled into the study. All those were admitted to Al-Kadhimya Teaching Hospital because of clinical exacerbations of their condition. Serum samples were obtained on admission from the patient for measurement of CRP and full blood count together with sputum sample for microbiological diagnosis (especially culture). CRP measured by semi quantitative method, the cutoff point of this test is 0.6 mg/L .So all positive values were ≥ 1.2 mg/L. All these patients with exacerbations were treated by conventional treatments. Blood samples for CRP, full blood count and forced expiratory volume in 1st second (FGV1) were repeated 4-5 days thereafter.Results: The levels of CRP were elevated ≥ 1.2 mg/L in 27 patients who were positive for bacterial culture .The average CRP level after adequate treatment was highly decreased (p value < 0.001) .There was a significant improvement in their measured FEV1 (p value < 0.001 ) . The peak CRP level and fall in CRP were significantly correlated with both the corresponding peripheral blood smear white cell count (r=0.57, p value < 0.001) and the correlation Coefficient between CRP and FEV1 was (r= -0.45, p value < 0.001).Conclusions: Since patients with acute exacerbations of COPD had their CRP levels elevated initially and had clinical improvement with lowering of the CRP levels after treatment, there is a strong possibility that CRP is a marker of exacerbation of COPD. We suggest that, in exacerbation of COPD, CRP estimation provides a useful and inexpensive early marker of the exacerbation and provides a useful guide to assess the efficacy of treatment.Key words: C reactive protein, CRP, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with exacerbation.


Article
Bronchogenic Carcinoma in Patients Younger Than 40 Years

Authors: Hashim M. Al-Kadhimi --- Qasim H. Al-Azzawi --- Alaa K. Salih
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2017 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 2785-2791
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

background: lung cancer is the most frequent cancer related cause of death for both gender, currently 10 millions new lung cancer are diagnosed each year worldwide. Objective: To determine the different clinical characteristics and other features of lung cancer in the different age groups. Methodology: This was descriptive retrospective study carried on 32 patients with histological proven lung cancer under the age of 40 years from three medical centers. All patients underwent full clinical assessment including history (particularly smoking) and full physical examination Bronchoscope was done to all patients except those unfit pleural effusion cytology and pleural biopsy done to all patients with pleural effusion. FNA Cytology done under ultrasound guide and was of great help in those patient in whom the histological diagnosis was difficult to be obtained by other methods. Results: The age of studied group ranged between (10_40 years) with a mean of 25. From the thirty two patients, there were 18 males patients (56%) and 14 females patients (44%), with 1.3:1 male: female ratio. History of smoking in the young age group was present in19 patients (60%), 13 were males (68.5%) and 6 patients (31%) were females, and 13 patients (40%) never smoked .Undifferentiated carcinoma is much more common in males than females (20% and 8% respectively). The most common histological types of lung cancer in both sex of young group was adenocarcinoma (44% of cases) occurring 50% of females and 40% of male. Conclusion: Cigarette smoking is an important cause of the current epidemic of lung cancer among our young patients, so it is preventable rather than curable medical problem. Adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histological type of lung cancer in Iraqi young patients.


Article
The effect of cigarette smoking on the clinical outcome of pulmonary tuberculosis in Iraq

Author: Hashim M. AL-Kadhimi F.R.C.P (Ed.)*, Haider N. Dawood F.I.B. M / F.I.B.M (resp.) **
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2014 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 21-24
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Keywords

Listing 1 - 5 of 5
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (5)


Language

English (4)

Arabic and English (1)


Year
From To Submit

2017 (1)

2014 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)