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Article
Gender differences, facial profile and treatment need of malocclusion for a sample of Al-Muthanna governorate students aged 15 years

Author: Hayder S. Al-Atabi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 3 Pages: 142-148
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Survey of the occlusion in population groups usually include in their objections the academicassessment of occlusal feature, the planning resources for public health treatment programmers, the comparison ofdifferent population and the screening of groups for orthodontic treatment. Likewise a thorough investigation of theoccurrence of malocclusions among school–students would be of major importance in the planning of orthodontictreatment in the public dental health services. For this purpose it is necessary to have detailed information on theprevalence of individual malocclusion among boys and girls at different ages distributed regionally, and moreover,an analysis of the need for orthodontic treatment in the different school classes.Materials and methods: This study was conducted from 20th October 2011 to 9th May 2013 on (3424 ) students (1712males and 1712 females); from which 62 students (1.8%) were excluded because of incomplete information (nomolar relation can be attended) giving a valid sample of 3362 (1681 males and 1681 females) aged (15) years oldwere studied with respect to facial profile ,sagittal occlusion according to Angle's classification, overjet, overbite,anterior crossbite , posterior crossbite, scissorsbite, rotation and displacement spacing and crowding.Results: The normal profile were presented in (73.76%) students (74%) males and (73.53%) females. Convex profileswere presented (20.34%) students (20.46%) males and (20.23%) females. A concave profile were presented in (5.9%)students (5.54%) males and (6.24%) females), The malocclusion were presented (73.05%) students (73.46%) malesand (72.64%) females, According to the Dental health component of index of the orthodontic treatment subjectswith no need for treatment were about 44.11% , the subjects who need little treatment were about 26.82%, 13.06% ofthe subjects who need moderate treatment, 10.03% great treatment need and about 5.98% very greatly treatmentneed.Conclusions: Orthodontic treatment need according to IOTN shows that there was no significant difference betweenmales and females in the malocclusion, Facial profile and treatment need


Article
Prevalence of Bad Oral Habits and Relationship with Prevalence of Malocclusion in Sammawa City Students Aged (6-18) Years Old
سعه انتشار عادات الفم السيئة وعلاقتها بسعة انتشار سوء الاطباق في طلاب مدينه السماوة بعمر (6-18) سنه

Author: Hayder S. Al-Atabi
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 70-83
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background : These oral habits maybe seen in children, adolescents and adults causing serious effect on their facial growth and dentition that is to say they may be related to malocclusion which is a condition where there is departure from the normal relation of the teeth in the same dental arch or to the teeth in the opposing arch.Materials and methods: This study was conducted from 10 April 2011 to 29 may 2013 on (3300 ) students and (300) students as control group aged (6-18) years old attending primary ,intermediate and secondary schools in Sammawa city which lies 280km to the south of Baghdad, itself part of middle furat of Iraq were studied with respect to bad oral habits ,sagittal occlusion according to Angle's classification, overjet, overbite, posterior crossbite and spacing and crowding. Results: The sample consisted of 3300 students. 786 students of all the age groups were found to have bad oral habits, which represented 23.8% of the total sample examined in this study (411,52.3%) of the 786 were males and (375,47.7%) were females. Some of the students had a single habit ( 481,61.2%) and others were found to have multiple habits (305,38.8%). The most prevalent habit was nail biting (184,23.4%),followed by tongue thrust (169,21.5%), digit sucking (147, 18.7%), mouth breathing (129,16.4%), lip habit (111,14.1%), and the least was other habits (46,5.9%).Conclusion: The Prevalence of malocclusion in digit sucking group had very highly significant difference when compared with control group followed by tongue thrust group, mouth breathing group while other groups had low significant difference.

الخلفية العلمية:- عادات الفم السيئة يمكن مشاهدتها في الاطفال ,المراهقين والبالغين وتسبب تأثير خطير على نمو الوجه والاسنان بطريقه ترتبط بسوء الاطباق وهو حالة الابتعاد عن العلاقة الطبيعية بين الاسنان في نفس الفك السني اوبين الاسنان في الفك المقابل.المواد والطرائق:- هذه الدراسة اجريت من العاشر من شهر نيسان اعام 2011 ولغايه التاسع والعشرين من شهر ايار لعام 2013 على عينه متكونه من (3300) طالب و(300) طالب كمجموعه تحكم بعمر (6-18) سنه يحضرون في المدارس الابتدائية ,المتوسطة والثانوية في مدينه السماوة التي تقع على بعد 280 كم الى الجنوب من بغداد وهي نفسها جزء من الفرات الاوسط في العراق وتم تطبيق المقاييس من ناحية عادات الفم السيئة, الاطباق في المستوى السهمي حسب تصنيف انكل ,فرط البروز, فرط العظة, الاطباق المعكوس الخلفي ,الفراغات والازدحام.النتائج:- العينة تتألف من 3300 طالب. 786 طالب فقط من كل مجاميع الاعمار يمتلكون عادات فم سيئة وهي تمثل نسبة 23.8 % من العينة الكلية المفحوصة في هذه الدراسة (52.3,411% ) منهم ذكور و (47.7,357% ) منهم اناث .بعض الطلاب يمتلكون عاده سيئة واحده فقط (61.2,481% ) والاخرين يمتلكون عادات سيئة متعددة (38.8,305% ). العادة السيئة الاوسع انتشارا هي قضم الاظافر (23.4.184% ) تليها عاده دفع اللسان (21.5,169% ),مص الاصابع (18.7,147% ) ,التنفس من الفم (16.4,129% ) ,عادات الشفه (14.1,111% ) وكانت الاقل انتشارا العادات الاخرى (5.9,46% ). الخاتمة:- سعه انتشار سوء الاطباق في مجموعه مص الاصابع عالية جدا عند مقارنتها بمجموعه التحكم تليها مجموعه دفع اللسان ,مجموعه التنفس من الفم اما بقيه المجاميع فلم يظهروا اختلافات كثيرة عند مقارنتها بمجموعه التحكم.


Article
Assessment The Relationship between Upper and Lower Anterior Teeth Segment and Gender Difference: A Sample of AL Muthanna University Students Aged 18-25 Years Old

Author: Hayder S. Al-Atabi
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 2152-2160
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: The assessment of the occlusal features of the anterior segment of thedental arch is considered of vital importance, especially for adult as it affects estheticsgreatly. With the increase in esthetic demands and dental awareness with the vital importance of the anterior teeth in esthetic, function and phonetics. The present study was directed to analyze anterior segment in subjects with class one occlusion. This study that dealt with adult subjects while the previous studies mostly analyzed children. Epidemiological studies are one of the most significant methods which provide adequate information and knowledge about the distribution and prevalence of the occlusal features. Direct metric measurements proved to be helpful and effective for this purpose.Objectives: This study was designed to assess the relationship between upper and lower anterior teeth segment and gender difference and effect of this relationship on malocclusion.Materials and methods: This study was conducted from 30 September 2012 to 1 may 2014 on (1771) students in University of Almuthanna ( College of medicine (255), College of Engineering (437) and College of Science (1079)) were clinically examined, only (300) of them were selected who fulfilled the required specifications, (150) students for each gender. Their age was ranging from 18 to 25 years, were studied with respect to relationship of upper and lower anterior segment , overjet, overbite, anterior crossbite ,crowding and spacing.Results: The normal overjet were presented in (65.3%) students (64.4%) males and (66%) females, increased overjet were presented (24.3%) students (24%) males and (24.6%) females and decreased overjet were presented in (10.4%) students (11.4%) males and (9.4%) females). Normal overbite were presented in (53%) students (52%) males and (54%) females, increased overbite were presented (16.7%) students (16%) males and (17.4%) females, decreased overbite were presented in (30.3%) students (32%) males and (28.6%) females). The anterior crossbite were presented in (8.6%) students (8%) males and (9.3%) females) .Upper segment crowding were presented in (17%) students (18%) males and (16%) females), lower segment crowding were presented in (19%) students (19.4%) males and (18.6%) females). Upper segment spacing were presented in (16.4%) students (17.4%) males and (15.4%) females), lower segment spacing were presented in (11%) students (12%) males and (10%) females),Conclusion: This study displays more crowding percentage in the lower segment and display more upper segment spacing for total( male and female students),there was no significant difference between males and females in overjet, overbite, anterior crossbite ,crowding and spacing.


Article
Prevalence of malocclusion in mentally, physically, auditory and visually handicapped patients in Sammawa City aged (6-16) years old

Authors: Fakhri Abid Ali --- Hayder S. Al-Atabi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 107-111
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: There has been an increasing concern by the dental profession regarding the problem of providing oral
health care to handicapped patients. These groups need dental treatment of the highest standard as part of their
general care to enable them to realize their maximum level of functioning and normalizing their life. The aim of this
study was to determine the prevalence of malocclusion in groups of handicapped patients and comparing with
those of healthy individuals.
Materials and methods: This study was conducted on (267) handicapped patients attending special institutes, some
houses and (80) control group in Sammawa city which lies 300 km south of Baghdad, were clinically evaluated to
determine the prevalence of various orthodontic anomalies. Four groups of mentally, physically, auditory and visually
handicapped patients from (6-16) years old were studied with respect to sagittal occlusion according to Angle's
classification, overjet, overbite, anterior crossbite , posterior crossbite ,scissorsbite, spacing and crowding.
Results: The mentally handicapped group had high prevalence of Angle's class III sagittal occlusion, reversed overjet,
anterior openbite, posterior crossbite, scissorsbite, spacing and crowding. The physically handicapped group showed
a high prevalence of class III sagittal occlusion, reversed overjet and anterior openbite, posterior crossbite, spacing
and crowding. The auditory and visually handicapped groups showed only higher frequencies of crowding.
Conclusion: The Prevalence of malocclusion in mentally handicapped group (89.4%) had very highly significant
difference when compared with control group (71.3%), while other groups had no significant difference.
Key words: Prevalence of malocclusion; handicapped patients. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2011;23(1):107-111).

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