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Article
Caries increment in preschool children: A longitudinal study

Author: Iman T. Ibrahim
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2006 Volume: 18 Issue: 2 Pages: 89-91
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: This study was concerned with the caries increment in preschool children after one-year fellow up examination.
Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 144 preschool children; the sample was examined at November 1997 and was reexamined at November 1998. The examination included clinical examination of the whole dentition as the dmft was recorded, also the height and weight of children was recorded to find the correlation between caries increment and nutritional status of children.
Results: The increment after one year period (1997 – 1998) in mean value of dmft for different groups which were divided according to their dmft to (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, >5) the increment ranged between (0.5-1.75) the highest increment was in the “2” mean dmft value, (2-3.75), it was demonstrated that there was a correlation (r = 1,00, P< 0.001) between the Body Mass Index (BMI) and Increment in dental caries specially in the undernourished group .
Conclusion: It was found that there was an increment equal to “0.89±0.25” in the mean value of dmft (20.31) % and a strong correlation between nutritional status expressed by Body Mass Index (BMI) and increment in dental caries.
Key words: Caries, preschool children, nutritional status (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2006; 18(2)89 -91)

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Article
Caries increment in preschool children, a longitudinal study

Author: Iman T. Ibrahim ايمان ابراهيم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 86-88
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study was concerned with the caries increment in preschool children after one-year fellow up examination.Materials and Methods: the sample consisted of 144 preschool children; the sample was examined at November 1997 and was reexamined at November 1998. The examination included clinical examination of the whole dentition as the dmft was recorded, also the height and weight of children was recorded to find the correlation between caries increment and nutritional status of children.Results: the increment after one year period (1997 – 1998) in mean value of dmft for different groups which were divided according to their dmft to (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, >5) the increment ranged between (0.5-1.75) the highest increment was in the “2” mean dmft value, (2-3.75),it was demonstrated that there was a correlation (r = 1,00, P< 0.001) between the Body Mass Index (BMI) and Increment in dental caries specially in the undernourished group .Conclusion: It was found that there was an increment equal to “0.89±0.25” in the mean value of dmft (20.31)% and a strong correlation between nutritional status expressed by Body Mass Index (BMI) and increment in dental caries.


Article
Current prevalence of dental caries in Iraqi preschool children. A comparison to national and international studies.

Authors: Ban A. Salih --- Iman T. Ibrahim
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2006 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 72-75
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: This study described the occurrence of dental caries among children in kindergartens and described changes in caries prevalence and experience from 1983 to 1998, and to provide a baseline for the evaluation of the preventive oral health programs.
Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 946 kindergarten children, 512 (54.13%) boys, and 434 (45.87%) girls age ranged between 4 - 5 years, and the kindergartens were randomly selected in different regions in Baghdad city.
Results: In this study the mean value of caries experience (dmft) was found to be equal to (4.83 ± 4.05) for boys, and (4.15 ± 4.00) for girls in age 4 - 5 years.
Conclusion: It was concluded that in spite of the drastic changes concerning diet, especially sugar and carbohydrates due to sanctions, but what was found that there were few fluctuations around the same values of (dmft) from 1983 -1998. It was concluded that the present (dmft) value was among the highest reported values among recent international studies and neighboring arabian countries.
Key words: Dental caries, caries- epidemiology; preschool children. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2006; 18(1) 72-75)

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Article
Enamel defects and malocclusion in patients with celiac disease

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Abstract

Background: This study investigated the types and severity of enamel defects and malocclusion in celiac patients compared to matching controls.Materials and methods: One hundred and two celiac patients were included in the study they were attending the Gastroentrology and Hepatology Teaching Hospital.Results: Enamel defects in the study group showed a highly significant difference than found in the control group in bothdeciduous and permanent teeth. Concerning malocclusion study group, a higher percentage of severe anomalies (code 2)than control group the difference was statistically highly significant.


Article
Effects of proximal caries with loss of contact on alveolar bone levels in primary molars of Iraqi children using modified bitewing digital imaging

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Abstract

Destructive forms of periodontal disease can occur in children & adolescents.Proximal caries, gingival inflammation & loss of lamina dura are risk factors indevelopment of alveolar bone loss. This study aims to determine the effect ofproximal caries with loss of contact of primary molars on interdental hard tissuesusing a modified bitewing digital imaging technique .One hundred Iraqi children(7&8 years old) of both sexes were included in this study, half of them havingproximal caries in their primary molars & served as study group & the other halfserved as control. The results showed a significant increase in marginal &interproximal alveolar bone crest height in study group with male predominance. Lossof lamina dura & irregular crestal bone appearance was also evident around primarymolars with proximal caries. Non significant relationship was found between gingivalinflammation & interdental hard tissues. The results indicated that proximal carieswith loss of contact play an important role in development of incipient periodontaldisease in children.

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