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Article
DESTABILIZATION HEAT TREATMENT EFFECT ON EROSIVE WEAR CHARACTERISTICS OF HIGH CHROMIUM WHITE CAST IRON

Authors: Ali H. Ataiwi --- Israa F. Yousif
Journal: KUFA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING مجلة الكوفة الهندسية ISSN: 25230018 Year: 2018 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 45-56
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

In the present investigation, erosive wear property of high chromium white cast irons (HCWI) is reported. HCWI were destabilized at two different temperatures of 955oC and 1100°C, air cooling followed by tempering heat treatment at 400°C and 700°C at each destabilized temperature. Erosion damage was evaluated by the removed material mass at impact angle 45° and time of 10 Hours. The surface metal flow was observed. Surface morphology of each specimen was characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The effect of heat treatment on differences in wear features of specimens is discussed. Experiment showed that the erosion rate of specimen destabilized at 1100°C, air cooled followed by tempering at 400°C air cooling is the best than other treatments. The hardness of test surface by this treatment increased from the initial 57 to 58 HRC after 10 hour. It showed that austenite in the surface structure has been transformed to martensite , which hardened the surface. Similarly, work- hardening effect also occurred on specimen destabilized at 955°C, air cooled followed by tempering at 400oC, air cooling to make its surface hardness increased to 59 HRC. It was shown that HCWI series heat treated at 955°C and 1100°C and tempered at 400°C have a very good erosive wear resistance and they are expected to find wide application as wear-resistant materials.


Article
CONSTRUCTION OF SLURRY JET EROSION TESTER AND THE EFFECT OF PARTICLE SIZE ON SLURRY EROSION

Authors: Israa F. Yousif --- Ali H. Ataiwi
Journal: KUFA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING مجلة الكوفة الهندسية ISSN: 25230018 Year: 2018 Volume: 9 Issue: 3 Pages: 17-25
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

A Jet erosion tester is designed and used to study the relative erosion behavior of high chromium white cast iron (ASTM 532A) at specific concentration of silica sand as an abrasive material, 45° impact angle and two size of abrasive particles. A slurry pot was used which contains two propellers rotated at the speed required for uniform distribution. The test specimens are mounted on test fixture which is fixed and has a provision to move in different angular position to find out the wear for different angles. Two different experiments are conducted preliminarily by using silica sand as abrasive with particle size of 400-600 µm and 600-800 µm. Impact angle of 45° and solid abrasives of 20% wt. concentration are used as fixed parameters for 10 hours. It was found that the erosion resistance decreases with increasing the abrasive particle size.

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