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Article
EVALUATION OF DOG ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY IN HYPOKALEMIA

Author: Israa Abdul Wadood Mohammad Ali
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 87-94
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The objective of the work was to study Electrocardiography in normal doges and in dogs treated with intravenous furosemide for 14 days.In present study eight dogs in different sex and two years age used ,serum potassium level determined using commercial kit and ECG evaluate twice daily pre and post furosemide use .ECG tracing compared in the two groups (treated and control) . when serum k+reach (4.4 mEq/ L ±1.044) at day four from starting , and in the last five days oftreatment the mean of serum potassium reach (3.2 m Eq /L ± 0.504 ). the electrocardiographic changes shows features of hypokalemia T inversion or flatting of T wave in limb leads (I,II,III),avl, avf and most of the chest leads .

Keywords

Furosemide --- ECG --- Serum.


Article
EVALUATION OF SOME HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AND CLINICAL SIGNS AFTER REPEATED EXPOSURE TO WARFARIN IN DOGS
تقيم العلامات السريريه وبعض القيم الدمويه بعد التعرض المتكرر للوارفرين في الكلاب

Author: Israa Abdul Wadood Muhammad Ali
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 249-259
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Warfarin poisoning in dogs is not unusual which is used as a rodenticide. Competitive inhibition of vitamin K with an incomplete synthesis of the coagulation factors II, VII, IX and X can lead to a significant bleeding tendency. The study was conducted at college of veterinary medicine / Basrah university to Evaluate clinical ,hematological and clotting indices in dogs in case of warfarin poisoning, which include twelve dogs of both sex at age about three years old. The animals divided to three groups equally .first group treated with 3mg warfarin tablet given orally daily,the second group treated with 5mg until the signs of poisoning appears While the third group untreated as a control. The results showed that the first group exhibited signs of warfarin poisoning like hematuria, vaginal bleeding, severe eye congestion, limping, bleeding in toe, excessive salivation, severe pale of mucus membrane in gum, hemoptysis, also the second group exhibited signs of warfarin poisoning after ten days the signs was hematuria and vaginal bleeding ,the animal showed signs of severe eye congestion, depression, weakness, and lameness ,bleeding in toe and then excessive salivation ,sever pale mucous membrane in gum, hemoptysis, blood vomit. weakness, excitement,nose bleeding, eye bleeding,protruded of eye,congestion of gum, melena and incoordination. there is significant decrease (P<0.01) in mean value of red blood cell count in dog treated with 3mg warfarin (4.09 ×106 ± o.254) as well as hemoglobin level( 9.613 g/dl±o.6085 ), packed cell volume (23.133 ±0.592) . and there is increase in mean of MCV (72. 40 fl±1.29) , MCH (23.86pg±0.52) and MCHC (32.78 g/dl ±0.50 ) which indicate macrocytic anemia . Also dogs treated with 5mg warfarin showed that the mean of red blood cell count was 3.81 ×106± 0.2347, mean of Hb was 8.30 ±1.006 g/dl and PCV 28± 2.510 with significant decrease (P<0.01) in these parameters and there is significant increase in mean of MCV,MCH. and MCHC 77.07fl±1.31 , 22.74 pg±0.49, 31.38 g/dl ±0.294 respectively . There is significant increase(P<0.01) in mean of prothrombin time and activated partial Thromboplastin Time in dogs treated with 3mg of warfarin, 1.336 ± 0.146 , 1.036 ± 0.1074 min.Respectively whencompared with control animals 0.601± 0.0863 , 0 .153±0.003min. and There is significant decrease (P>0.05) in mean value of platelets count 253.80 × 103g/l ± 18.31 compared with control group 448.12 ±52.24 . ,also there is significant increase(P<0.01) in PT. and APTT. when treated with 5mg 1.855 ±0.2039 , 1.401 ±0.1051 min.respectively,whereas the mean of platelet 240.40 × 103 g/l ± 5.39 with significant differences(P<0.01) .


Article
DETECTION OF GIARDIA INFECTION IN DOGS OF BASRAH CITY

Authors: Ali Naser --- Israa abdul wadood
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 159-171
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine detect the infection rate of Giardiasisin local canine breeds of Basrah, Iraq. Two hundred and twenty-five (225) fecalsamples were collected from dogs of both sexes from March to October 2016.Suspected animals either asymptomatic (56.7%) or symptomatic (43.3%) thesuspected dogs show different clinical signs such as diarrhea (6.66%), pasty feces(13.33%), steatorrhea (8.00%), anorexia (10.66%), emaciation (15.55%) andvomiting (0.88%). Diagnosis of Giardia spp was done on basis of microscopicexamination which detects Giardia cyst and trophozoite with infection rate (40 %),moreover, it was confirmed by ELISA technique(Giardia-specific antigen) to detect(75.55%) was infected with G. lamblia with a high infection rate comparison withmicroscopic examination. It had been shown that high infection rate (43.75%) wasdetected in March than the lowest in July (34.78%). Moreover infection with Giardiawas found more common at (1 day to 6 months) of age; furthermore, females showinfection rate more males. It has been concluded that giardiasis affected canine ofBasrah city lead to substantial effect, therefore animals must be screenedperiodically.

Keywords

Giardia --- dogs --- Anorexia.


Article
EVALUATION OF SOME MINERAL IN SHEEP IN BASRA
تقييم بعض المعادن في الأغنام في محافظة البصرة

Author: Bahjah ghassan Israa abdul wadood بهجة غسان إسراء عبد الودود
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 125-137
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was conducted in Basra province to evaluate of some minerals (copper,, zinc and cobalt) in sheep. The study constituent examination of 1400 sheep and 200 of it showed sings of mineral deficiency and 25 as a control, the study include: clinical, hematological examination, and level of serum(copper, zinc, and cobalt). A number of 200 (14.2%) sheep revealed a clinical signs of mineral deficiency from total of (1400) sheep which were clinically examined in this study, And the study showed that the values of copper, zinc, and cobalt in serum were significantly low (0.15±0.03ppm, 0.73±0.35ppm, 0.57±0.12ppm). and the most important clinical signs presented by alopecia (47.5 %), parakiratosis (18%), diarrhea (11.5%), pale mucous membrane (49%), lacrimation (6%), ataxia (4%).Also the study reveal that the body temperature within normal (39.47±0.33 C°), but increase of pulse rate, and respiratory rate in affected animals were (90.48± 4.53Min, 33.99±0.29 Min) respectively.And the study showed that the RBCc of affected sheep significantly low (6.57±0.10 *106/ml), also the PCV, Hb, MCV, MCH, were significantly low (19.75±0.24 %, 6.88±0.11 g/L, 31.07±0.49 fl, 11.06±0.53 pg) respectively, whereas MCHC in affected sheep was significantly high (34.92±0.45 %) and the mean of WBCc of affected sheep were(6.43±0.11103/ml) and there is no significant different when compared with control.

أجريت الدراسة الحالية لتقييم بعض المعادن في الأغنام المصابة بنقص المعادن في محافظة البصرة. شملت الدراسة فحص 1400 رأس من الأغنام أظهرت200 حيوان علامات سريريه للاصابه بنقص المعادن و25 حيوان سليم سريريا عدت كمجموعه سيطرة, شملت الدراسة إجراء الفحص السريري والفحوصات الدمويه وكذلك قياس مستوى النحاس والزنك والكوبلت في مصل الأغنام.حيث أوضحت الدراسة إن (14.2%) 200 راس من الغنم أظهرت علامات سريريه لنقص المعادن من أصل 1400 تم فحصها سريريا, وتمثلت أهم العلامات ألسريريه ب ( تساقط الشعر47.5 %,) , فرط التقرن18%) ) , إسهال(11.5%), شحوب الاغشيه المخاطية49%) ), تدمع العين6%)) , والترنح 4%) ). كذلك أظهرت هذه الدراسة أن معدل درجات الحرارة كانت ضمن الطبيعي (39.47±0.33) , بينما هناك زيادة في معدلات النبض , والتنفس (, 90.48±4.53 و ± 0.29 33.99) على التوالي.إن نسبه كريات الدم الحمراء كانت منخفضة معنويا في الحيوانات المصابة وبنسبه (6.57±0.10 *106/ml) وكذلك انخفاض معدل حجم الكريات المضغوطة, خضاب الدم, متوسط الحجم الكريي, ومتوسط الهيموكلوبين الكريي(19.75±0.24 %, 6.88±0.11 g/Ll, 31.07±0.49 fl, 11.06±0.53 pg) على التوالي,بينما بالنسبه لمتوسط تركيز الهيموكلوبين الكريي مرتفعة معنويا في الحيوانات المصابه وبنسبه (34.92±0.45 %) .بينما لم يكن هناك فرق معنوي في معدل كريات الدم البيضاء مقارنه بمجموعه السيطرة(6.43±0.11103/ml) اما بالنسية لمعدل تركيز النحاس, الزنك, والكوبلت في مصل الاغنام المصابه منخفظة معنويا مقارنة بمستويات السيطرة وبالمعدلات التاليه(0.15±0.03 ppm, 0.73±0.35 ppm, 0.57±0.12 ppm) على التوالي .

Keywords

Sheep --- Mineral --- Copper

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