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Article
Association between Nutrient Contents of Foods and Occurrence of Breast Cancer, A Case –Control Study
دراسة ارتباط ما بين مكونات الغذاء والاصابة بمرض سرطان الثدي مقارنة بالأشخاص الاصحاء

Authors: Jangi Shawkat Salai --- Jwan Ibrahim Jawzali
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2017 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 66-81
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Objective: The study conducted to identify association of nutrient contents of foods with occurrence of breast cancer compares to control group. Design: It is descriptive (analytic case-control study). Interview questionnaire was used to collect data of; socio-demographic properties, reproductive history, familial cancer history, and life style factors included indices of obesity, and diet history data to calculate intake of; energy, macronutrient, vitamins and minerals by quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Methodology: The study included (59) women with diagnosed breast cancer, and (65) controls women free from all types of cancer attending Rizgary and Hawler teaching hospital / Erbil / Iraq , from the period of 1st April to 30 July 2011. Statistical analysis included Descriptive statistic, and logistic regression analysis Results: The results showed significant increase in the risk of breast cancer by; low income and low awareness, family history of cancer, and higher intake than controls of; energy, digestible and high glycemic load carbohydrates, saturated fats, cholesterol, vitamins; thiamin, and cholecalciferol and minerals; phosphors, sodium zinc, manganese, and selenium. While primary education level act as significant protective factor in addition to slight protective effect of; vitamins K (naphthoquinones), insoluble fiber and (beans and tea) as foods.Conclusion: High dietary intake of rich energy nutrients, and salty foods could cause; oxidative stress, hormone disturbance and associate with breast cancer risk. Low and safe levels of dietary micro-nutrients and their blood homeostasis may decrease tissues damage and risk of breast cancer.Recommendations: The study recommended implementation nutritional status assessment and nutritional educational program by nutritional specialized nurses, and nutritionists.

هدف البحث:تهدف الدراسة إلى مقارنة محتوى الغذاء ما بين مرضى سرطان الثدي والاشخاص الاصحاء.المنهجية: شملت هذه الدراسة 59 مريضة بسرطان الثدي و 65 حالة سالمة من جميع انواع الامراض السرطانية يترددون على المستشفى التعليمي الجمهوري ومستشفى رزكاري في اربيل/ العراق .تم جمع المعلومات الديموغرافية , النسائية , والمعلومات عن نمط الحياة والاغذية بواسطة استبيان مكون أربعة أجزاء, من 1 اذار الى 30 تموز سنة 2011.النتائج :أظهرت الدراسة زيادة معنوية في الإصابة بسرطان الثدي نتيجة قلة الوعي والدخل, وتاريخ العائلة للإصابة بمرض السرطان, وزيادة اخذ الاغذية الغنية بالطاقة و كربوهيدرات بسيطة و شحوم مشبعة و كوليسترول و فيتامينات ( ثايمينB1 , و الكوليسيفيرول D,), والمعادن (فوسفور, صوديوم, زنك, منغنيز, مع سلينيوم) تأثيرات وقائية من الاصابة بسرطان الثدي وجدت ضمن الاشخاص ذات مستويات التعليم المتوسطة, و اخذ الكميات المقررة من العناصر الصغرى و فيتامين ك .K و الياف غير الذائبة, والبقوليات و الشاي. الاستنتاج: نستنتج بان الاطعمة الغنية بالطاقة والملح يؤدي الى الاكسدة الكامنة و عدم توازن الهورمونات وبالتالي زيادة الإصابة بسرطان الثدي. اخذ كميات محدودة من العناصر الصغرى و بالمستويات المتوازنة في الدم يحمي الانسجة من السرطان.التوصيات: توصي الدراسة بتطبيق تقييم الحالة التغذويه وبرنامج التثقيف الغذائي من قبل ممرضين مختصين بالتغذية وأخصائيي التغذية


Article
Clinical and Histopathological Features of Ovarian Cancer in Rizgary Hospital/Erbil City from 2014 to 2017

Author: Marwa Jabbar Hussein, Jangi Shawkat Salai
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2019 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 112-118
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Ovarian cancer is a heterogeneous disease with variations in clinical behavior and outcome. It is a group of many subtypes withdistinct biological features that lead to differences in response to treatments, recurrence rates, and survival. Objective: The aim of the studyis to describe the epidemiology of the diagnosed cases of ovarian cancer from 2014 to 2017 in Erbil, Iraq. Materials and Methods: This is aretrospective study, 100 ovarian cancer cases were reviewed from Rizgary Oncology Center in Erbil. Then, we compared histological typeswith age groups of the study as premenopausal and postmenopausal, stage of the disease, grade, and with side of tumor. Furthermore, this studyincludes the most important risk factors that may affect the incidence of ovarian cancer which includes menarche age, age of menopause, andwith obesity. Results: The result showed that ovarian cancer occurs in old age groups with a percentage of 64%. The most common type isepithelial ovarian cancer with subtype papillary serous adenocarcinoma in 56%, with all types, the most affected site is the right one in a percentof 57%. Grade 3 is the dominant one at presentation in a percent of 49%. About staging at the time of diagnosis, Stage 4 presented in a percentof 58%, and 16% of patients were obese. Conclusion: Most common type of cancer is epithelial type of papillary serous cystadenocarcinomahistology that occur in old patients and presented in advanced stage at the time of diagnosis with poor differentiation, and the most effectivetreatment is total abdominal hysterectomy + bilateral salpingo‑oophorectomy followed by adjuvant platinum‑based chemotherapy.

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