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Article
Efficacy of Azithromycin in Comparison with Metronidazole in the Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis

Author: Jawna’a K Mammdoh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 18 Pages: 323-330
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of systemic azithromycin as an adjunct to scaling and root planning (SRP) and compared it with metronidazole in the treatment of chronic per-iodontitis. Materials and Methods: Forty four patients with clinical diagnosis of chronic periodontitis underwent scaling and root planing were divided into three groups. The first group (n = 20) patients received azithromycin 500 mg once daily for 3 days plus SRP. The second group (n= 11) received met-ronidazole 500 mg 3 times daily for 7 days plus SRP. The third control group (n= 13) patient received SRP plus placebo treatment once daily for 3 days. Clinical measurement including gingival index, bleeding on probing and probing pocket depth were performed at the base line visit and 40 days after taking the treatment. Results: The results obtained at 40 days from the base line showed better signifi-cant improvement in all clinical parameters (p≤ 0.05) in the treated groups, except for bleeding on probing in control group were no significant improvement was reported. Azithromycin plus SRP give the greatest improvement in mean gingival index and bleeding on probing (p< 0.05) when compared with the control group but no significant differences were observed between metronidazole treated group and the control group. Conclusions: The adjunctive use of azithromycin with SRP has potential to improve periodontal health over SRP only and could be an interesting alternative to metronidazole from patients with chronic periodontitis


Article
Effects of 6– Mercaptopurine on Salivary Glands in Rabbit

Authors: Alhan D Al–Moula --- Fayhaa A Al-Mashhadane --- Jawna’a K Mammdoh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 20 Pages: 266-273
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

To study the effect of 6 – Mercaptopurine on salivary glands of rabbits. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out on 6 young rabbits of both sexes, aged 2 – 3 months, and weighing 1.250-1.350 Kg. They were divided into control group (4 rabbits) which received no any treatment, and treatment group (4 rabbits) that were treated by 6 –MP in dose of 9 mg/Kg for duration of 2 weeks,the drug was administered orally by cavage needle. All animals were dissected and salivary glands (parotid and submandibular glands) were removed from right and left sides, then slides were made and morphometric analysis were made using filar micrometer, a photographs were done and t –test analysis was used to compare two groups. Results: There was loss of architecture of both parotid and submandibular salivary glands with disarrangement of acini. Acinar cells become smaller in diameter that was associated with increase in the interstitial spaces. There was atrophy and shrinkage of striated ducts and all these changes were significant compared to control group except that for parotid gland which showed no significant differences in height of intercalated duct cells compared to control group. Conclusions: Daily administrations of 6 MP for rabbits produced severe degenerative changes in the salivary glands.

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