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The Correlation Between Total White Blood Cell Count, Total Lymphocyte Count, & the CD4+ T-helper Lymphocyte Count among Iraqi HIV Infected Patients

Authors: Kamal-Udeen M. Fatah --- Arwa H. Al-Hamdani --- Adnan H. Jawad
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 41-44
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Study of the correlation between changes in the white blood cell count WBC), total lymphocyte count (TLC) and the CD4+ T-helper lymphocyte count (CD4), have been carried out during Oct. 2004 through April. 2005 among 35 HIV seropositive Iraqi patients and 30 seronegative individuals. ELISA and Western blot assays were used to detect and confirm the presence of anti- HIV antibodies in the blood samples.Patients and control groups have been classified into (4) categories according to the obtained results of CD4 count: 200, 200-500, 500-1000, and >1000 cell/cmm. This categorization shows that: none of the HIV seropositives was found to be within the first category; six within the second category (mean CD4 = 383.2 cell/cmm, SD= 92.6) twenty-one within the third category (mean CD4 = 787.9 cell/cmm, SD= 131.6); and eight within the fourth category (mean CD4= 1237.1 cell/cmm, SD= 159.4). While among the control group: none of them was found to be within the first category; only one within the second category (CD4= 464 cell/cmm); twenty-six within the third category (mean CD4 = 745.7 cell/cmm, SD= 116.2); and three within the fourth category (mean CD4= 1333 cell/ cmm, SD= 331).Results showed that among HIV seropositives a strong significant, positive correlation was found between changes in CD4 and TLC within the second and the third categories, and even when the whole data uncategorized) were used. While there was a moderate significant positive correlation within the fourth category. The correlation between total WBC and CD4 was found to be insignificant.

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