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Article
Gag Problem in Dental Treatment Assessment and Methods to Control it.

Author: Karama MT Al – Nuaimy
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2010 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 287-291
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To assess gag reflex as a problem in patients undergoing dental treatment and some measures used to control it in order to allow the patient to receive dental care such as taking anesthesia, fillings, extractions, impression, scaling and polishing of teeth and root canals. Materials and Methods: The sample chosen included 80 people between the ages 20 and 65 attended to dental clinics for fillings, extractions, impression, scaling and polishing and root canals during dental treatment these patients complained an exaggerated gag reflex. Results: In control group there was no significant difference between females and males regarding the age and duration of gag reflex, but significantly correlated in study group as a whole concerning the age and duration of gag reflex. Conclusions: Gag reflex is con-sidered as normal defense mechanism that prevents foreign bodies from entering the trachea, pharynx or larynx.


Article
Oral health status among women with oral contraceptives

Author: Karama MT Al–Nuaimy
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 44-48
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to investigate the safety and efficacy of oral contraceptive drugs on oral health and to determine the prevalence of dental caries, plaque, calculus and gingival indices. The sample comprised of 90 females attended to Family Regulation Unit of Al–Hadbaa Health Center in Mosul during the period from 2003 to 2004. Sixty females using oral contraceptives (for at least three years), which are combinations of oestrogen and progesterone. The other 30 healthy women were acted as control group with similar age groups and a mean age of 31 years. The oral contraceptive drugs modify oral health. In the present study, the prevalence of dental caries, plaque, calculus and gingival indices increased in all women using oral contraceptive drugs than the prevalence in the women of the control group. In view of the possible factors that cause increase of the indices, suggested a hormonal factor especially oestrogen and progesterone hormones, which have an effect on rate and pattern of hard and soft tissues resulting in reduced the ability to repair and maintain the oral health status.


Article
Salivary calcium level during lactation

Authors: Karama MT Al–Nuaimy --- Tahani A Al–Sandook
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 12-14
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the salivary calcium during lactation in females and compare with non–lactatingfemales. The saliva nowadays is considered as good source or media for estimation of several ions suchas calcium, magnesium, copper, zinc and even abused drug. Materials and Methods: Theunstimulated saliva was collected from sixty females, thirty lactating and the other thirty were non–lactating. Results: Salivary calcium ion concentration in non–lactating females was 5.021 + 0.1compared to 2.46 + 0.21 in lactating mothers that reflect a significant decline in calcium concentration(p < 0.001). Conclusion: This decline in calcium concentration reflected the importance of externalcalcium supplement during lactation


Article
Xerostomia: Analysis among dental patients

Authors: Tahani A Al–Sandook --- Karama MT Al–Nuaimy
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 108-113
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to estimate the incidenceof xerostomia (dry mouth) among 200 dental patients haddifferent systemic diseases, including hypertension, diabetes,cardiovascular (CV) problems, anemia, arthritis and cancer.Distribution of xerostomia according to the type of systemicdisease, age and sex was analyzed.In this study, 64% of total patient represent xerostomia,24.5% of xerostomic cases were males, while 39.5% were females.Incidence of xerostomia was correlated directly withage where 16% of xerostomic patients were limited in agegroup between 21–40 years, while 48% of xerostomicpatients were limited in the age group between 41–60 years.The results concluded that systemic disease played rolein development of xerostomia which could be due to underlyingmedical condition, or due to their medication intake. Patientscomplained from xerostomia were instructed for goodoral hygiene and increase their water intake. In certain cases,pilocarpine was indicated to relieve their symptoms.

Keywords

Xerostomia --- dry mouth


Article
Assessment of Periodontal Status among Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women in Mosul City

Authors: Aisha A. Qasim --- Karama MT Al - Nuaimy --- Alhan Ahmed
Journal: JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE مجلة التربية والعلم ISSN: 1812125X Year: 2012 Volume: 25 Issue: 57 Pages: 72-78
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

ABSTRACTTo increase the understanding of oral health factors associated with menopause women, this research sought to examine the oral hygiene including clinical parameters (DMFT, gingival, calculus, plaque and pocket depth indices) and physical parameters (flow rate and pH) to show changes in postmenopausal women in Mosul City center in relation to premenopausal women. The sample chosen included 123 women 47 premenopausal and 76 postmenopausal women in age range from 30 – 61 years old. Clinical examination was carried out to detected DMFT, gingival, calculus, plaque and pocket depth indices, also measures physical parameters about flow rate and pH of saliva for each women.There was significant changes in the clinical and physical parameters when compared with age 46 – 61 years old, at p< 0.05 and highly significant at p< 0.001.Oral health in pre and post menopausal women should be considered as a separate problem from oral diseases. The clinical picture may vary from a localized to generalized inflammation would be of interest to physiologists and endocrinologists and might also prove to be value to the practicing dentists.

الخلاصةلزيادة معرفة عوامل صحة الفم المتعلقة بسن اليأس للنساء. يفحص هذا البحث صحة الفم بأستخدام مؤشرات (مؤشر الأسنان المتسوسة والمفقودة والمعالجة، مؤشر التهاب اللثة، مؤشر التكلسات والترسبات وعمق الجيب) والمؤشرات الفيزياوية (نسبة الجريان ودرجة الحامضية لللعاب) للأشارة بالتغيرات التي تحدث للنساء عقب سن اليأس في مركز مدينة الموصل و مقارنتها بالفترة قبل سن اليأس.تضم العينة 123 أمرأة (47 قبل سن اليأس و 76 بعد سن اليأس) للأعمار بين 30 و61 سنة. يضم الفحص السريري قياس مؤشر الأسنان المتسوسة والمفقودة والمعالجة، مؤشر التهاب اللثة، مؤشر التكلسات والترسبات وعمق الجيب والمؤشرات الفيزياوية (نسبة الجريان ودرجة الحامضية للعاب) لكل أمرأة.كان هناك تغيرات معنوية في بعض المؤشرات السريرية والفيزياوية عند المقارنة بالأعمار 46 – 61 سنة عند درجة p< 0.05) ) وعالي المعنوية عند (p< 0.001).يجب اعتبار صحة الفم للنساء قبل و عقب سن اليأس مشاكل منعزلة عن امراض الفم. حيث تتغير الصورة السريرية من كونها موضعية الى التهاب عام يؤخذ بعين الأهتمام من قبل اخصائي الفسيولوجيا والغدد الصم لما له قيمة لدى أطباء الأسنان.

Keywords


Article
Pregnancy–related changes in oral health and human unstimulated whole saliva

Authors: Karama MT Al–Nuaimy --- Fadhila Sh Al–Doski
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2003 Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Pages: 108-115
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was conducted on 200 women. One hundred fifty pregnant women at different stages of pregnancy, fifty women in each group, first, second and third trimesters were included in the study. The other fifty non–pregnant women with comparable age were used as a control group. The sample was taken from Al– Batool Teaching Hospital and Antenatal Care Unit of Al–Hadbaa Health Center, Mosul during the period from June 2001 to March 2002. The study was done to assess the changes in the concentration of certain compounds of human unstimulated whole mixed saliva; study the frequency and severity of Gingival Index, evaluate Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth Index (DMFTI) during pregnancy and also to correlate the pregnancy related changes (if any) in human unstimulated whole mixed saliva with oral manifestation during different stages of pregnancy. The result of this study during pregnancy included decreased salivary flow rate, pH, total protein and calcium concentrations, while increased α–amylase activity, sodium concentration, severity of gingival inflammation and DMFT Index were identified compared with the controls. In conclusion, the pregnancy involves complex changes with every system in even healthy women is altered to some degree during pregnancy. It modifies oral health and saliva composition.


Article
Effect of stress on arterial blood pressure In dental students

Authors: Maha T Al–Saffar --- Karama MT Al–Nuaimy --- Tahani A Al–Sandook
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 118-121
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To study the effect of stress and fear on blood pressure that are imposed on student beforeattending examination in particular final year examination at the College of Dentistry. Subjects andMethods: Arterial blood pressure (indirect method ) was measured for 99 dental student (21 + 0.6years) before 30 minutes of final examination on a particular subject and immediately afterexamination. Result: The data reflected a significant increase in systolic blood pressure before passingthe final examination, whereas there was no significant increase in the diastolic blood pressure in allstudents. Conclusions: Stress produces a significant elevation in blood pressure that can be controlledby systemic defense mechanisms naturally present.

Keywords

Stress --- blood pressure --- examination

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