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The association between periodontal disease and job stress in Baghdad city
الترابط بين مرض النساع و أجهاد العمل في مدينة بغداد

Author: Khalid Talib Bandar
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2010 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 47-57
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Introduction: Epidemiological studies have shown that periodontitis does not affect all subjects in the population in a similar way, some individuals present risk condition that make them more susceptible to develop periodontal disease. The association between stress factors and periodontal disease have been examined in several studies.Aim of the study: to evaluate the association between periodontal clinical parameters and job stress in Baghdad city.Material and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at my private clinic, the study population was consisted of 64 patients of both genders with ages ranging from 23 to 65 years. The patients were asked to answer self –administered questionnaire and to undergo periodontal examination. To estimate job stress, a questionnaire based on the life events scale was used, The parameters used in the periodontal assessment were plaque index, gingival index , probing pocket depth, bleeding on probing and clinical attachment level.Result: A statistically significant difference was found between stress and control group in probing pocket depth. Plaque index , gingival index , bleeding on probing and clinical attachment level was also higher in stress group but it is not statistically significant.Conclusion: , the prevalence of periodontal disease in subjects who felt job stress was higher than that in subjects without such stress.

الدراسات الوبائية أظهرت ان مرض النساع لا يؤثر في الأشخاص بطريقة متماثلة , بعض الأشخاص لديهم عوامل تهديد التي تجعل الأشخاص اكثر قابلية لنشوء مرض النساع. الغاية من هذه الدراسة هي تقييم الترابط بين مرض النساع و أجهاد العمل في مدينة بغداد. تم أعداد دراسة أستعراضية في العيادة الخاصة . العينة المدروسة تتكون من 64 شخص من كلا الجنسين تتراوح أعمارهم بين 23 الى 65 سنة. تم الطلب من الأشخاص المشاركين للأجابة على أستفتاء شخصي و الخضوع لتقييم سريري لمرض النساع و المتكون من مؤشرات الصحيفة الجرثومية , التهاب اللثة , قياس عمق الجيوب , النزف عند التسمير و قياس مستوى الأنسجة الرابطة. نتائج هذا البحث أظهرت وجود فرق أحصائي معنوي بين مجموع أجهاد العمل و المجموعة الضابطة في مؤشر قياس عمق الجيوب , المؤشرات الأخرى أظهرت كذلك زيادة في مجموعة أجهاد العمل مقارنة بالمجموعة الضابطة و لكن الفرق لم يصل الى مستوى أحصائي معنوي,

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Article
Evaluation of Color Stability for Two Types of Denture Base Materials: Heat Cured Acrylic and Flexible Resin.

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Abstract

Commonly consumed beverages used by human being daily (Tea & Cola) caused external staining. This study is done to evaluate the color stability for two different types of denture base materials against this external staining caused by (Tea & Cola).Sixty (60) samples were prepared, divided into two groups, 30 samples of heat cure acrylic material & 30 samples of flexible resin material (Valplast). Each group divided into three subgroups 10 samples in each, according to the type of staining solution that immersed in it, (synthetic saliva & tea), (synthetic saliva & Cola), and (synthetic saliva alone as a control). Tea & Cola were mixed with synthetic saliva in order to create intraoral environment to certain extent. Color measurement was made at Baghdad University, Collage of Engineering, using reflected spectrophotometer before immersion (at baseline) & after immersion, at intervals of (24 hours) & (1 week) respectively.The result was a highly significant difference between, heat cure acrylic & flexible resin at baseline & the (flexible samples) were the higher value in discoloration than (heat cure acrylic samples) regardless the type of staining solution. Maximum discoloration was seen in (synthetic saliva & tea) solution for both denture base materials. Followed by (synthetic saliva & Cola) & (synthetic saliva alone) respectively.Both denture base materials had a color changes after immersion in staining solution (tea, Cola & synthetic saliva). The color changes, for two materials, were increased with the increase of immersion time.

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