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Article
Alumina-to-Alumina Actively Brazed Using Cu-Ti, Cu-Zr, and Eutectic Ag-Cu-Ti Filleer - Metal Alloys

Authors: R.H.Yousif --- M.J.Kadhim --- F.A.Hashim
Journal: Basrah Journal for Engineering Science مجلة البصرة للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: Print: 18146120; Online: 23118385 Year: 2010 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 150-162
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

In the current study, a new simulator is designed to manipulate what is known as hybrid grid global system for oil reservoir simulation. The global system composed of two subsystems, one covering the regions around the well which is called radial (r-e) model while the second is linear (x-y) which covers the rest of reservoir regions. The constructed simulator is able to deal linear and radial two phase flow compressible oil water with the consideration of the rock compressibility. The two subsystems are solved simultaneously within the global system of the reservoir. The outer and inner boundary conditions between the two systems are treated and improved interactively during each time step depending on the relative positions of the two subsystems in reservoir. The method of formulation and system solving also are introduced with the main characteristics of the new simulator.

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Article
Study the Effects of Nano-Materials Addition on Some Mechanical Properties of Cement Mortar

Authors: F.A. Rasin --- L.K. Abbas --- M.J. Kadhim
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 4 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 348-355
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

This research involves nano-materials addition and interaction with cement mortar behavior for many mortar samples under variable curing time with constant water to cement ratio (W/C = 0.5). Some mechanical properties such as (compressive and flexural strength tests), durability (by water absorption test) were studied. The effect on the (Al-Mass cement) Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) type (I) by additives with small amounts of nano-particles (SiO2) and (Al2O3) were investigated in this research. The nano materials additives were added on the mixture of mortar with the percentages (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5%) for both nano materials with constant (W/C) ratio and also the amount of the fine aggregate used three times the amount of cement. The results shows that, the strength of the mortar consist both nano materials give better properties than mortar without nano materials in all tests. But nano silica additive gives good properties up to (3%) than mortar with nano alumina additive which give proprietress up to (2%).


Article
Design and Evaluation of Zirconia Based Thermal Barrier Powders for Advanced Engines

Authors: M.J.Kadhim --- M. H. Hafiz --- M. A. Ali Bash
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 10 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 1011-1024
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Advanced utility, diesel and turbines engines used widely in aerospace, chemical and oil industries are based on plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings. The successful performance of these coatings during servicing are relied mostly on the careful design, selection and analysis of zirconia-based ceramic powders stabilized with yttria and ceria. Different design of sampling techniques relevant for each evaluates property is a key factor to obtain reliable data. Significant property differences were observed for single and mixed powders. In the present work the particle size, its distribution, apparent density, flow rate, biased standard deviation, unbiased standard deviation and phases were characterized using sieving, flowmeter, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), step scanning X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), electron microprobe analysis (EPMA) and FT-IR. Two single alloyed zirconia powders of zirconia- 25 wt% CeO2-2.5 wt% Y2O3 (Sulzer Metco 205NS) and zirconia- 8 wt% Y2O3 (Sulzer Metco 204NS-G) and mixture of these powders 80 wt% (Sulzer Metco 205NS) and 20 wt% (Sulzer Metco 204NS-G) were investigated. The particle shape has a remarkable effect on the flow rate and apparent density rather than the other properties. The particle distribution gives important noticeable information for the plasma spraying coatings.


Article
Microstructure and Phases Analysis for Advanced Plasma Sprayed Zirconia-Ceria-Yttria Thermal Barrier Coating

Authors: M.J. Kadhim --- M.H. Hafiz --- M.A. Ali bash
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 10 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 1025-1033
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Thoroughly qualitative and quantitative topography, microstructure, splats formation and phases evaluation were made to understand carefully the behavior of plasma sprayed zirconia-ceria-yttria coatings processed under near optimum processing conditions. The study is focused on how to design and select the given property to predict the reliable data of plasma sprayed zirconia-20 wt% CeO2-3.6 wt% Y2O3. The processing and plasma spraying parameters were designed carefully to give a reliable clear evaluation of the microstructure. The results showed a heterogeneous microstructure in which melted, semimelted and unmelted particles were existed. The phases formed are consisted of nontranformable tetragonal phase (t') with small amount (less than 2 mole%) of monoclinic phase (m). The electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) suggests the intimate mixing between the binary systems of zirconia-ceria and zirconia-yttria during spraying. The Image J technique, SEM, EPMA, EDS and XRD/step scan XRD were used collectively to build up a clear picture on the solidification mechanism of the new plasma sprayed coating system.


Article
Investigation Nano coating for Corrosion Protection of Petroleum Pipeline Steel Type A106 Grade B; Theoretical and Practical Study in Iraqi Petroleum Sector

Authors: M. J. Kadhim --- K. A. Sukkar --- A. S. Abbas --- N. H. Obaeed
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 10 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 1042-1051
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

In the present investigation, titania (TiO2) nano-thin films were deposited on steel type A106-B, by using the Pulse Laser Deposition (PLD) technique to obtain passive layers of nano-coating. Electrochemical methods (Tafel completion) are used for study corrosion behavior of steel coating. The A106-B specimens were evaluated in 3.5 wt. % NaCl aqueous solution by using polarization technique with pH adjustment to 4.0 in order to determine the corrosion rate. The samples of TiO2 thin films were characterized by SEM, AFM, XRD, and FTIR. The input parameters were substrate temperature (100, 200 and 300) ’0C’, number of pulse (300, 400 and 500) and fluencies energy (800, 900 and 1000) mJ/cm2, have been investigated to detect their impact on corrosion reduction rate using Taguchi methodology orthogonal array and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).The ANOVA results indicates that number of shoots pulse significantly affecting the corrosion rate in PLD technique, which is highest among the contributions of the other parameters which is (58.03%) about three times of the fluencies energy (19.12%).The results show that the TiO2 deposition on steels offers an excellent corrosion resistance about 99 times as compared with uncoated steel. The optimum conditions to minimum values corrosion rate are: temperature of 300ºC, number of laser pulses at 300, and fluencies energy equal to 1000 mJ/cm2. Finally the optimal parameters that was used to predict the conclusions were (98.6) to the response of corrosion rate.

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