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Evaluation of oral health status in a sample of autistic male children

Authors: Mayyadah H. Rashid ميادة رشيد --- Raja H. Al-Jubouri رجاء الجبوري
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 62-65
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Autism is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder, presents in early childhood, characterized by severeimpairments in socialization, communication and behavior. Autism is considered a multi-factorial disorder that isinfluenced by genetic, environmental, and immunological factors with oxidative stress as a mechanism linking thesefactors. Assessment of any oral manifestations has to be discovered, evaluated and measured in autistics to be usedas a potential diagnostic.Materials and methods: Oral health status:(DMFT) for permanent teeth, (dmft)for deciduous teeth and gingivalindices were estimated for 58 individuals aged (2-13) years, twenty nine of them were autistics and twenty nine weresex and age matched healthy controls.Results: The results of this study showed that Iraqi autistic children sample was more likely to be caries-free comparedwith healthy sample.Conclusion: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were more likely to be caries-free, had lower DMFT dmftand GI scores than did their unaffected peer and can be used in autism spectrum disorder prediction to a limitedextent.

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