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Article
FROST HARDINESS OF IRAQI WHEAT GENOTYPES.

Authors: Mohammed Al-Issawi --- Hail Z. Rihan --- Usama H. Mahdi --- Michael P. Fuller
Journal: Diyala Journal of Agricultural Sciences مجلة ديالى للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20739524 Year: 2015 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 41-50
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Frost hardiness level in winter cereals is especially temperature dependent.The low temperature which kills 50% of plants (LT50) is considered to be astandard indicator of frost hardiness level of plant. Frost hardiness is consideredthe most important parameter for the field survival which is the ultimatemeasure of winter-hardiness of a cultivar. This study aimed to determine thegenetic level of frost hardiness of five Middle Eastern varieties (Abu-Ghraib,Fatah, IPA 95, IPA 99, and Sham 6) in comparison to the European cultivar(Claire). All of the Middle Eastern varieties tested showed very similar LT50’sinthe non-acclimated state, whilst when of acclimated they responded in differentways to freezing temperatures. Abu-Ghraib and Claire showed more tolerancethan the other cultivars.


Article
Evidence-based health policymaking in Iraqi Kurdistan: Facilitators and barriers from the perspectives of policymakers and advisors
صنع السياسات الصحية القائمة على الأدلة في كوردستان العراق: الميسرون والحواجز من وجهة نظر صناع السياسات والمستشارين

Authors: Rod Sheaff --- Michael P. Fuller --- Namir G. Al-Tawil --- Sherzad Shabu
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 1075-1083
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Evidence from research is underutilized in policy and practice in the majority of developing countries including Iraq. This aim of this study was to assess the role of research in health policy making in Iraqi Kurdistan context and identify the main barriers and facilitators for enhancing such role. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was carried out between November 2013 and March 2014 in the three governorates of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Erbil, Duhok and Sulaimaniyah. The study participants included 10 key health informants and three health advisors. Two types of combined questionnaires for health policy makers and health advisors were used for data collection.Results: Conferences and seminars were the main sources of scientific evidences identified by health policymakers (80%), followed by consultants (70%). Different jargons/discourse was the main obstacle in consulting researchers (90%), followed by lack of tradition in collaborating (70%). Collection of specialists/advisors, followed by professional associations, scientific committees and international organizations/UN agencies were the main groups identified by health advisors to build bridges between the scientific community and policymakers.Conclusion: Policymakers very rarely consult researchers directly in their decision making. There is poor networking among researchers, policy-makers, practitioners and representatives from civil society which has its negative impact on evidence-based policymaking. There is obviously a lack of any sort of program of funded research that can inform policymaking.

Keywords

Health policy --- Kurdistan region --- Erbil --- Iraq

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