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Article
The Anthropometric Ratio of Index Finger to Ring Finger (2D:4D) Correlation with Some Seminal Fluid Analysis Parameters.

Authors: Anam Rasheed Al-Salihi --- *,Mohammad Oda Selman --- Hikmat Fakhri Wasif
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 244-248
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT :BACKGROUND:The 2D:4D ratio can be considered as a measure of prenatal androgen exposure, with the lower 2D:4D ratios pointing to higher androgen exposure. Moreover, common molecular signals (HOX genes) control the embryological development of the appendicular skeleton and the gonads.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the correlation between semen quality and an anthropometric measurement of digit ratio. To evaluate the relationship of spermatogenesis and body parts ratio which have a common embryological determinants.METHODS:The study was performed on individuals attending the Institute of Embryo Research and Infertility Treatment /Al-Nahrain University/ Baghdad / Iraq. They were allocated from random pool of individuals required to perform seminal fluid analysis. The total number was (161) males. The index finger to ring finger (2D:4D) ratio was calculated after measuring the fingers with vernier. The ratio was correlated with sperm concentration, percentage of actively motile sperms and the percentage of normal sperms in single ejaculate.RESULTS:sperm concentration was negatively correlated with 2D:4D ratio (P=0.004), while no statistical correlation was found between the digit ratio and percentage of actively motile sperm (P=0.82) and the percentage of normal sperms(P=0.84).CONCLUSION:The ration of (2D:4D) is an indicator of sperm concentration. The lower the ratio (indicating longer ring finger), the higher is the sperm concentration. While no significant statistical correlation was found between the digit ratio and the percentages of actively motile sperms and morphologically normal sperms seminal fluid analysis.


Article
Morphometric study of kidney and suprarenal gland development after super ovulation injection in mice

Authors: Mohammad Oda Selman --- Ban Thabit Al-Ani --- Rana R. Al-Saadi --- Usama I. M. AL-Zubaidi
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Embryos and Infertility Researches المجلة العراقية لبحوث الأجنة والعقم ISSN: eISSN: 26166984 / pISSN: 22180265 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 6 Pages: 49-53
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Superovulation in mice causes a delayed embryonic development in vitro and in vivo, an increased abnormal blastocyst formation, pronounced fetal growth retardation.Objective:Morphometric measurements the dimensions (thickness, length) of fetal kidney and suprarenal gland during the later intrauterine life, after superovulation induction.Methods:Twenty fivematurefemalemiceSwiss-Webstermice ,thesemiceweredividedintotwogroups:experimental (G1) (15animal/group) and control group(G2) (10 animal/group). Superovulation was induced by intraperitoneal (IP) injection of 7.5 IU of PMSG ,then followed by 7.5 IU of HCG after 48 hours. Ovulation was taken place between 122± hours after injection of HCG. One mature male mice was placed with three superovulated female mice for mating. Pregnant females were sacrificedongestational day eighteen in all experimental groups. For morphometric study 20 mice embryos were fixedinBouin>sfixative,longitudinalsectionsofwholeembeddedembryowerestainedbyH&E,thespecimens independently read. The dimensions (thickness, length) of fetal kidney and suprarenal gland were evaluated.Results:The statistical analysis showed significantdecrease(P<0.01)inweightsoffetusesincomparisonwithcontrol group. The study was showed significantdecrease(P<0.01)infetalkidney dimensions atday 18 of intrauterine life, when it compared to the fetal kidney of non superovulated group(control group). There was also significantdecrease(P<0.01) inthemorphometricmeasurementsof fetalsuprarenal gland dimensions.Conclusion:The study improve that there is a delay in growth of kidney and suprarenal gland in fetal mice that belongs to mother undergo to superovulation induction before pregnancy.

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