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Article
Antibiotic Susceptibility of Bacteria Isolated from Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Babylon Province, Iraq

Author: Mohammed Hassan Ali Alhamdany
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2018 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-68
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: The emergence of the antibiotic resistance in the treatment of UTIs is a serious health problem, especially in the developingcountries where there is high level of ignorance, poverty, and bad hygienic practices, Objective: The aim of this study was to detect the typesof bacteria and their antibiotic sensitivity in patients with diabetes mellitus with recurrent urinary tract infections and compare between typesof bacteria in patients with the previous admission to hospital from those who are not. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional studywas conducted on eighty patients with diabetes mellitus and recurrent urinary tract infection, those patients who visited the Outpatient Unit inDiabetic and Endocrine Center in Merjan Medical City in Babylon Province. This study was carried out from March 1, 2016 to September 30,2016. General urine examination was done to the patient with urinary tract infection. Urine samples were sent for culture and sensitivity againstdifferent types of antibiotics. Results: Results found that the mean age of the patients was (58.23 ± 14.38) and majority of them (63.7%) werefemale and (52.5%) of them came from rural area. The main bacteria causing urinary tract infection was Escherichia coli in more than 55% ofcases, while the amikacin antibiotic regard as the best antibiotic in the treatment of urinary tract infection in this study with lowest resistancepercentage (3.8%). Based on the history of previous admission to the hospital, there was 57.5% with a history of previous admission, andthere was statistically significant difference in the types of bacteria between the two groups. Conclusion: There was significant difference inbacterial type between patients who previously had hospital admission and those who had not. E. coli was the main bacteria causing UTI inthis study. Amikacin showed the best sensitive drug for bacteria that cause urinary tract infection.


Article
Improvement of Vertical Savonius Wind Turbine Performance
تحسین أداء توربین الھواء العمودي سوفینیس

Author: Mohammed Hassan Ali Al –Musawi
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2013 Volume: 31 Issue: 14 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 2596-2610
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

This work presents a study of the vertical Savonuis wind rotor, including design,construct, and test, with a new configuration parameters, to improve its performance.The new rotor's parameters consist of two stages-four blades (main andsecondary). The blades are arranged such that, leaving a separation gap between theinner ends of the blade to get the benefit of the air flow reaction energy in the bucketon the exit side, The secondary stage height equals 1/4 of the rotor height. The bladesof the second stages are shifted by 45 degrees from main stage on the same axes.It is expected that the secondary stage assists the starting of the rotor and preventsthe counter torque to appear in the static and dynamic torque cycle.This Savonius rotor turbine was tested on the subsonic wind tunnel model AF100made by TecQuipment Ltd., with the range of wind velocities (U=0 to 20 m/s), on noload, it is found that the rotor started rotation at wind velocity of 1.2 m/s. The test ofstatic torque Ts was done under constant velocity of 12 m/s, and dynamic torque Twas performed under air velocities of (U=10, 12, 14, 16, and 18 m/s).Testing results show that the Savonius rotor turbine can start at low wind velocityfrom any position. The static torque coefficient Cts was improved, with peak to peakvalue of (17.2 – 39) % in the positive range during cycle of α=180º. The maximumpower coefficient approach to (Cp=16% at λ= 0.8). Comparing the performance ofthis turbine with the others show that the power and torque coefficients are improved.


Article
Incidence of Ischemic Heart Disease among Patients with Mitral Annulus Calcification in Babylon Province

Authors: Ameer Ahmad Al-Jubawii --- Ameer Kadhim Al-Humairi --- Mohammed Hassan Ali
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2016 Volume: 24 Issue: 5 Pages: 1421-1432
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: MAC is a common finding in patient undergoes echo study; especially middle and old age group who undergo echo study for different reason .MAC is more common in patient with risk factor for ischemic heart disease.Aim of study: to determine the incidence of ischemia diagnosed by TMT by Duke´s score among patients with mitral annulus calcification and to find the association between grade of mitral annulus calcification and IHD.Material and methods: This study was hospital based cross sectional study carried out at outpatients echo unit at Merjan Medical City. Patients who included in the study had negative past medical history with different symptom either chest pain or shortness of breath or dizziness.Results: Out of 66 patients with mitral annulus calcification (62.1%) of them were male, (48.5%) of them were diabetic, (62.1%) of them were hypertensive, (83.3%) of them had hyperlipidemia, (40.9%) of patients had grade 1 mitral annulus calcification. The incidence of ischemic heart diseases diagnosed by TMT was (57.6%). There was significant association between TMT results and grades of mitral annulus calcification.Conclusion: MAC is associated with IHD, grades of mitral annulus calcification are strongly associated with IHD and MAC frequently associated with multiple risk factor of IHD like hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Any patient with MAC should be search for IHD and risk factors of IHD.

المقدمه: ان تكلس الصمام الاكليلي هو ظاهره شائعة يتم اكتشافها عند المرضى اثناء فحص اليكو وخصوصاً الاعمار المتوسطة والكبيرة وهو اكثر شيوعاً عند المرضى الذين لديهم مرض ارتفاع ضغط الدم والسكري وغيرها من عوامل الجلطة القلبيه.هدف الدراسه: لمعرفة معدل امراض القلب التاجيه عند المرضى المصابين بتكلس الصمام الاكليلي ومعرفة العلاقه بين مراحل التكلس و امراض القلب التاجيه.طريقة العمل: تم اجراء البحث من خلال دراسة مقطعية في وحدة الايكوفي مستشفى مرجان التعليمي . المرضى الذين تضمنتهم الدراسة ليس لديهم أي تاريخ مرضي سابق لاي من الامراض المزمنة او امراض القلب.النتائج: من خلال دراسة سته وستون مصاب بتكلس الصمام الاكليلي تبين ان اثنان وستون بالمائه منهم ذكور وثمانية واربعون ونصف بالمائه مصابين بالسكري واثنان وستون بالمائة مصابين بارتفاع ضغط الدم. من خلال هذه الدراسه وجدنا ان معدل الاصابة بامراض القلب التاجية عند مرضى تكلس الصمام الاكليلي سبعة وخمسون بالمائه, ووجد ان هناك علاقه معنويه بين مراحل تكلس الصمام والاصابه بامراض القلب التاجية.الاستنتاج: ان تكلس الصمام الاكليلي له علاقة وثيقة بامراض القلب التاجية وكذلك مرحلة التكلس لها علاقه وثيقه بامراض القلب التاجية وايضا تكلس الصمام الاكليلي يرتبط بشكل متكرر مع عوامل الخطورة الخاصه بمراض القلب التاجية مثل ارتفاع ضغط الدم وارتفاع نسبة الدهون. يجب ان يتم فحص اي مريض مصاب بتكلس الصمام الاكليلي بحثاً عن أي موشرات لامراض القلب التاجية او عوامل الخطورة الخاصة بها.


Article
Burden of Right Ventricular Infarction in Patients with Inferior Myocardial Infarction in Babylon

Authors: Mohammed Hassan Ali --- Ameer Kadhim Al-Humairi --- Ameer Ahmad Al-Jubawii
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 247-260
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Aim of study: the study aim to comparing the rate of cardiogenic shock and mortality rate between patient with RV infarction and inferior MI and the patient with inferior MI alone.Patient and method: Across sectional study conducted in coronary care unit in merjan medical city at time from the first of March 2014 to the 30th of September 2014 for patient with inferior MI. patients were divided to two group, the first group for patients with inferior MI and RV infarction and the second group for patients with inferior MI alone. The both groups were monitor in the hospital for any complications that can take place in the hospital stay.Result: A total of 80 patient were enrolled in the study and divided to two groups, the first group (26 patients) for patients with inferior MI and RV infarction and the second group (54 patients) for patients with inferior MI alone, both group had the same baseline characteristic. The mean age was 59.30 ± 7.56 for first group and it was 55.03 ± 5.18 for second group, male patients were 17 (65.4%) and 33 (61.1%) in the first and second group respectively. The in hospital mortality was 4 (15.4%) and 1(1.9%) in the first and second group respectively and the P value was 0.036 (significant).The risk of cardiogenic shock was 7 (26.9%) and 5 (5.6%) for first and second group respectively with P value 0.011 (significant).Conclusion:1- The patients with RV infarction and inferior MI expose to higher rate of cardiogenic shock than the patients with inferior MI alone during the time of his hospital stay.2- The patient with RV infarction and inferior MI had higher in hospital mortality rate when compared with patient with inferior MI alone.

هدف الدراسة: هده الدراسة تهدف الى المقارنة في نسبة حصول الصدمة القلبية والوفاة للمرضى الدين يحصل لديهم احتشاء للعضلة القلبية السفلى والمرضى الدين بحصل لديهم احتشاء للعضلة القلبية السفلى مع احتشاء البطين الايمن .طريقة الدراسة : هده دراسة مقارنة اجريت في مدينة مرجان الطبية في وحدة الانعاش للفترة من 1-2-2014 الى 30-9-2014للمرضى الدين الدين أصيبوا باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى .تم تقسيم المرضى الى مجموعتين ,المجموعة الاولى هم المرضى المصابين باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى والمجموعة الثانية هم المرضى المصابين باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى مع احتشاء البطين الايمن للقلب .تم متابعة المرضى طول فترة بقائهم بالمستشفى لأي تعقيدات ممكن ان تحدث.النتائج: مجموع 80 مريض ادخلوا في الدراسة وقسموا الى مجموعتين : المجموعة الاولى26 مريض أصيبوا باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى مع احتشاء البطين الايمن ,والمجموعة الثانية 54 اصيبوا باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى ,المجموعتين لديهم نفس الخصائص .معدل العمر للمرضى هو 59.30 للمجموعة الاولى , 55.03 للمجموعة الثانية .نسبة الذكور للمجموعة الاولى هو 17 (65.4%) و33(61.1%) للمجموعة الثانية .نسبة الوفيات للمجموعة الاولى هو 4(15.4) و1 (1.9) للمجموعة الثانية . قيمو البي 0.036 وتعتبر نسبة مهمة .عدد المرضى الدين اصيبوا بالصدمة القلبية للمجموعة الاولى هو 7(26.9) وللمجموعة الثانية هو 5(5.6) ,قيمة البي هي 0.011 وتعتبر مهمة .الاستنتاجات:1-المرضى المصابين باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى والبطين الايمن لديهم نسبة عالية لحدوث الصدمة القلبية اكثر من المرضى المصابين باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى في فترة بقائهم بالمستشفى .2- المرضى المصابين باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى والبطين الايمن لديهم نسبة عالية للوفاة اكثر من المرضى المصابين باحتشاء العضلة القلبية السفلى في فترة بقائهم بالمستشفى

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