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Ankle Brachial Pressure Index as a Measure of Peripheral Vascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Authors: Ali Hamid Abbas --- Ammar Jabbar Al-Shamari --- Zehraa Abdul-Aali Al-Mudheffer --- Mohammed A. Abdulhussein
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 559-566
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a common worldwide disease, it occurs in 10-20% of population and is a well-known cause of vascular complications which include microvascular and macrovascular. The ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI)is a measure of peripheral arterial diseases (PAD). Aim of study: To calculate the ankle brachial pressure index as a measure for macrovascular complications in patients with type 2 DM, and correlate it with different risk factors.Patients and methods: For fifty type 2 DM patients, ABPI was measured, and relationship between it and diabetes duration, age, gender, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides (TG) levels, and body mass index were studied.Results: The values of ankle brachial pressure index were found significantly low in patients with type two diabetes mellitus in relation to diabetes duration and high levels of LDL or TG, and no significant relationships were found between low ABI with age, gender, or body mass index.Conclusion: In type two diabetic patients ankle brachial pressure index is a measure of peripheral vascular diseases, and it correlates with DM duration and high LDL or TG levels.

ان مرض السكري من الامراض واسعة الانتشار ويصيب 10-20% من سكان العالم وهو سبب معروف للعقابيل الوعائية والتي تشمل الاوعية الدموية الدقيقة والاوعية الدموية الكبيرة. ويعتبر مؤشر ضغط الكاحل-الذراع مقياس لامراض الشرايين المحيطية. في هذه الدراسة تم قياس مؤشر الكاحل-الذراع لخمسين مريض مصابين بداء السكري من النوع الثاني, ,وتمت دراسة العلاقة بين مؤشر الكاحل-الذراع مع مدة المرض,العمر,جنس المريض,تحليل الدهون قليلة الكثافة والدهون الثلاثية ,ومؤشر كتلة الجسم. وكانت قيم مؤشر الكاحل-الذراع تتناسب عكسيا مع مدة المرض وزيادة قيمة تحليل الدهون قليلة الكثافة او الدهون الثلاثية.

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