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Article
Relation between tea drinking and anemia in infants
العلاقة بين شرب الشاي وفقر الدم عند الرضع

Authors: Nadhim M. Mousa --- Mohammed D. Hassan --- Luay F. Jumaa
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit University المجلة الطبية لجامعة تكريت ISSN: 18131638 Year: 2008 Volume: 2 Issue: 142 Pages: 56-58
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

To evaluate the effect of tea drinking on the occurrence of microcytic anemia in infants, we studied 100 infants who underwent routine blood counts at the age of 6-12 months. An overall high frequency of anemia (Hb < 11 gm/dl-49%), microcytosis (MCV <70 Mm3-26%) and microcytic anemia (22%) was found in the whole group. The percentage of tea drinking infants with microcytic anemia (34%) was significantly higher than that of the non-tea drinkers. The tea drinkers had significantly lower mean levels of hemoglobin than that of the non-tea drinkers (10.5 ± 1.2 gm/dl vs 11.2 ± 0.8 gm/dl, respectively) and significantly lower mean levels of mean corpuscular volume than that of the non-tea drinkers (71.5 ± 7.1 µm3 vs 76.1 ± 4.6 µm3). There were no significant differences between the two groups in their sex distribution and in the duration of breast feeding. The two groups differed with regard to their ages but there is no statistical effect of these differences on the hematological results

لتقييم تأثير شرب الشاي في حدوث فقر الدم الصغير الكريات عند الرضع، درسنا 100 الرضع الذين خضعوا لكريات الدم الروتينية في سن 6-12 شهرا. تردد الشاملة عالية من فقر الدم (الهيموغلوبين <11 gm/dl-49٪)، صغر الكريات الحمر (MCV <70 MM3-26٪) تم العثور على وفقر الدم الصغير الكريات (22٪) في المجموعة بأكملها. كانت النسبة المئوية للرضع شرب الشاي مع فقر الدم الصغير الكريات (34٪) أعلى بكثير من تلك التي بين من يشربون الشاي غير. وكان من يشربون الشاي الأخضر مستويات أقل بكثير من متوسط ​​الهيموغلوبين من ذلك بين من يشربون الشاي غير (10.5 ± 1.2 جم / دل مقابل 11.2 ± 0.8 جم / دل، على التوالي) ومستويات أقل بكثير من متوسط ​​حجم الجسيمات يعني من ذلك من غير يشربون الشاي (71.5 ± 7.1 76.1 ± μm3 مقابل 4،6 μm3). لم تكن هناك اختلافات كبيرة بين المجموعتين في توزيع الجنس وفي مدة الرضاعة الطبيعية. اختلف المجموعتين فيما يتعلق أعمارهم ولكن ليس هناك تأثير الإحصائية لهذه الخلافات على نتائج


Article
Evaluation of Types of Anemia among Malnourished Children Using Blood Film Examination

Authors: Suddad Kh. Rajab --- Mohammed D.Hassan --- Thekra H. AlKumait
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit University المجلة الطبية لجامعة تكريت ISSN: 18131638 Year: 2018 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 55-65
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: Background Malnutrition is one of the most common serious diseases in the world, in which it carry high morbidity and mortality rates. and most of those children commonly exposed to anemic, for many reasons like low iron, folic acid,vit B12 in the food, also impaired absorption due to presence of chronic illnesses or parasitic infestations. Anemia most commonly measured as grams of hemoglobin per liter of blood. Cutoffs to define anemia are 11 gram per dl for children 6-59 months . Aim: To find the types of anemia using blood film examination in malnourished children Patients and Methods: A case control study was done in Tikrit Teaching Hospital and Aldour city during the period from thirteen of june 2013 to first of October 2013.,The total number of cases was (100) diagnosed as malnutrition ,70 of them was anemic . Another 100 normal weight children of same age was taken as control ,54 of them was anemic. The age of the children included in this study was between (2) months and (5) years. Blood film examination was done to all children included in this study (malnourished and control cases ). Also the clinical signs and symptoms of malnutrition was assessed for each child ,which include the mid upper arm circumference, weight per height ,weight per age, height per age and occipito-frontal circumference Results: The study revealed that there was a significant relation between the age of children and the malnutrition in which most of cases were under six months of age in malnourished cases(48,6% ), and there was significant relation between the types of feeding and malnutrition in which most of cases were on mixed feeding in malnourished cases(37,1%) versus (9,3%)in control cases, and there was a significant relation between the(mid upper arm circumference, occipito-frontal circumference) and malnutrition Conclusion: There was a significant relation between the the level of MCV,MCH and MCHC in malnourished cases in comparison to control cases.

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