research centers


Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by

Article
The Effect of the Resilient Urban Form on the Resilience of City
أثر الشكل الحضري المرن في مرونة المدينة

Author: Mohammed Mahdi Hussein محمد مهدي حسين
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2016 Volume: 34 Issue: 10 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 487-501
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Cities are complex systems, have always faced risks, and many cities that have existed for centuries have demonstrated their resilience in the face of resource shortages, natural hazards, conflicts and Wars.This paper studies the concept of Resilient City and Effect of the resilient urban form on the resilience of city, where urban morphology plays a fundamental role in the resilience of the whole urban system. The problem of the research is identified in the absence of an integrated theoretical framework about a resilience attributes of urban form which Effect on the resilience of city.The research addresses the problem by identifying a fundamental goal represented in revealing an integrated theoretical framework about the resilience attributes of urban form which effect on the resilience of city.To achieve this goal it took the building of the theoretical framework, in the light of which we put forward the hypothesis of the research that reads: The urban form which accommodating of polycentric modular, positively influences a city’s capacity to respond quickly and effectively to disturbances and Crisis cases.The research, then, sought to test the validity of this hypothesis on Al-Rusafa Historical Center by using Space syntax approaches and draw conclusions the most important of it is that the failure of modular center does not lead to the failure of whole spatial system is an indication of the resilience urban system.

المدن هي أنظمة معقدة في مواجهة دائمة مع المخاطر، والكثير من المدن التي وجدت منذ قرون قد أثبتت مرونتها في مواجهة نقص الموارد، والمخاطر الطبيعية، والصراعات والحروب. يتناول البحث مفهوم المدينة المرنة وتأثير الشكل الحضري في مرونة المدينة، حيث تلعب المورفولوجيا الحضرية دوراً أساسيا في مرونة النظام الحضري كله. وتتحدد مشكلة البحث بـغياب الاطار النظري المتكامل لسمات الشكل الحضري المرن المؤثر في مرونة المدينة. وقد عالج البحث المشكلة عن طريق تحديد هدف أساسي يتمثل في الكشف عن الاطار النظري المتكامل الذي يتضمن سمات مرونة الشكل الحضري كما ظهرت في نظريات التصميم الحضري.ولتحقيق هذا الهدف تم بناء الإطار النظري،وفي ضوئه طرحت فرضية البحث التي تنص على:الشكل الحضري القائم على مراكز متعددة منمطة يؤثر بشكل إيجابي على قدرة المدينة على الاستجابة بسرعة وفعالية اثناء حالات الاضطرابات والازمات.ثم سعى البحث لاختبار صحة هذه الفرضية على مركز الرصافة التاريخي من خلال منهجية تركيب الفضاء واستخلاص النتائج،واهمها:ان فشل مركز منمط لا يؤدي إلى فشل النظام الفضائي كله،هــــو مؤشرعلى مرونة النظام الحضري.


Article
Urban Integration of Historic Centers: Analytical Study of the Factors of Urban Integration at Al-Karkh Historic Center

Authors: Ibrahim Jawad Al-Yousif --- Mohammed Mahdi Hussein
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Architecture & Planning المجلة العراقية لهندسة العمارة والتخطيط ISSN: 26179547 / 26179555 Year: 2013 Volume: 9 Issue: 27 Pages: 1-27
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Historic centers are considered one of the tangible forms of civilization in terms of depicting the extensions of the past. They form one of the intensively proposed controversies in the modern field in regard to the possibility of dealing with them, the objectives of development and conserving them as they represent the merge of the old and the new. This is manifested in the merger of contradictions and the changing value resulting from urban interference in order to link the historic centers with other parts of the city through linear streets that penetrate its urban structure and divide its urban texture, causing a common problem for most Islamic Arab historic centers.Several of philosophical, theoretical and architectural theses have concentrated on identifying the relations between the new and the old of the historic centers, such as the relation of urban integration that represents the integration of urban environmental components in regard to the social, economic and environmental function and its integration at the physical aspect. Through studying and analyzing the urban theses that deal with the factors of urban integration at the functional and physical level and the urban theses that discuss the transformation of urban structure. According to this perspective, the research problem was identified as follows: the absence of a clear vision of the urban integration factors at the visual and cognitive levels between the new (the penetrating linear streets) and the old urban fabric in the structure of historic centers through the feature of transformation in its urban structure. As for the research thesis, it is related to employing the penetrating linear street to achieve the urban integration at the visual and structural levels through the feature of transformation at the structure of the historic center as a basic condition to achieve urban integration. This research aims at:1) Detecting the factors of urban integration between the old and the new in the urban structure of historic centers at the visual level by the integration of the urban scene and at the constructional level by the constructional integration of urban structure.2) Identifying the mechanism of transformation to conserve the urban structure system of the historic center in a way that achieves urban integration.For the purpose of treating the research problem and maintaining the objectives and theses of the research, a hypothetical form of urban integration for historic centers was built in a way that embraces the factors of urban integration and the methods of urban structure transformation.The research has adopted the rules of spatial syntax in the analysis and measurement of urban integration factors, through identifying the structural characteristics of the historic urban structure and the implementation of the transmission mechanisms of urban structure. The types of the urban structure were analyzed based on the analysis of the elected urban structure using the spatial relations (topology) of the urban structure elements (bulk and space) and analyzing the same using mathematical tools that brings the elements together to a specific level.The results showed that the achievement of urban integration of historic centers could be completed in two stages; the first is the transmission of urban structure through the utilization of one of the transmission mechanisms and their application concepts (at the comprehensive level of the structure) and the second is the achievement of urban integration factors through structural characteristics(comprehensive and topical) of the urban structure where they used the transmission concepts in re-employing the penetrating linear streets to achieve urban integration between the linear street and the old texture. The results showed:1) An appropriateness of two concepts of the transmission of the urban structure of historic center; which are restructuring the urban structure and the original compositional method for the pattern to achieve the urban integration at the comprehensive level through the achievement of high values to measure the clarity, centrality and directionality of the urban structure.2) Achievement of the factors of urban integration between the old and the new through conserving deep compositionalcharacteristics(comprehensive and topical) of the original urban structure for Islamic Arab historic centers that were tested to measure these properties. During the process of finding a solution for the research problem, a solution for the general problem can be achieved; which is a penetrating linear street that forms the center of the structure of the historic center. It should be reused and approximated to the old main commercial axes in regard to its compositional relations to the old urban structure.

Keywords


Article
Rhetorical Interpretation for the explainers of Nahjul- Balaghah till the end of the 7th century of Hegira
التأويل البيانيّ عند شارحي نهج البلاغةحتى نهاية القرن السابع للهجرة

Authors: Hakim Habeeb Al-Gureity حاكم حبيب الكريطي --- .Mohammed Mahdi Hussein محمد مهدي حسين
Journal: The Arabic Language and Literature مجلة اللغة العربية وادابها ISSN: 20724756 Year: 2014 Volume: 1 Issue: 20 Pages: 49-82
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This displays your search to a set of readings graphs interpretive formed on the text of an important Arab and Islamic heritage, which is (Nahj), which represents the total chosen by Sharif Razi from the words of Commander of the Faithful Ali ibnAbiTalib, according to a presentation of Harho her book . The research came in the introduction and four and a conclusion Investigation; Section I (metaphor), II (analogy), and third (metaphor), and fourth (metaphor

-ظهرَ تأثّر الشارحون بالدراسات البلاغية السابقة.-لم يستطع الشارحون، في كثير من الأحيان، الانفكاك عن أفقهم العقائدي والثقافي، كما لاحظنا هذا في تأويلاتهم البلاغية. وكان ابن أبي الحديد يبالغ أحياناً في سحْب النصّ إلى أفقه الاعتزالي

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (3)


Language

Arabic (2)

English (1)


Year
From To Submit

2016 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)