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Article
Anaerobic Microbiological study of periodontitis in Salah Al – Deen City

Authors: Hadeel M. Younis. --- Mohemid M. Al- Jebouri.
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2016 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 10-15
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Oral flora responsible for periodontal disease is polymorphic. The periodontal infection results either from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms in the tissues, or even the activation of already existing germs, but not pathogenic under normal conditions. The aims of this study was carried out to evaluate selected bacterial agents causing periodontitis. One hundred eighty samples were examined in the present study. Clinical measurements of periodontal parameters used included dental plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss. The results of periodontitis were the most common anaerobic periodontal bacteria isolated from patients were peptostreptococcus prevotii which represented 15(8.3%) isolates, while prevotella intermedia, prevotella melani, prevotella disiens, Bifidobacterium sp., Fusibacterium mortiferum peptostreptococcus tetradius, and Wolinella sp. represented only 1 (0.5%) isolates.Also another anaerobic subgingival bacteria isolated from inflamed sites in patients were fusibacterium varium ,vellionella sp., campylobacter gracilis, capnocytophaga sp. ,peptostreptococcus magnus, peptostreptococcus micros, peptostreptococcus niger,peptostreptococcus anaerobius, staphylococcus saccharolyticus, streptococcus consellatus, and gemella morbillorum. Concerning to the results of this study the researcher concludes peptostreptococcus prevotii, prevotella intermedia, prevotella melani, prevotella disiens, Bifidobacterium sp., Fusibacterium mortiferum peptostreptococcus tetradius, and Wolinella sp. fusibacterium varium ,vellionella sp., campylobacter gracilis, capnocytophaga sp. ,peptostreptococcus magnus, peptostreptococcus micros, peptostreptococcus niger,peptostreptococcus anaerobius, staphylococcus saccharolyticus, streptococcus consellatus, and gemella morbillorum were the most common anaerobic periodontal pathogens isolated from patients in the present study.


Article
The Relationship between Periodontal Disease and Predisposing Factors

Authors: Mohemid M. Al- Jebouri. --- Hadeel M. Younis
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2016 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 68-80
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Periodontitis is an inflammatory lesion mediated by host-bacterial interactions which results in a non-resolving inflammation that leads to local connective tissue attachment loss from the tooth surface, loss of alveolar bone and ultimately tooth loss Indeed, periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the western world and developing countries. The aims of this study was to estimate the relationships between periodontal disease and predisposing factors. One hundred eighty samples (paper point inserted into periodontal pocket) were examined in the present study . Patients were of both sexes(140 males and 40 females).Their ages ranged from 16-69 years old. Clinical measurements of periodontal parameters used included dental plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss . The results showed that periodontal disease was the most common in age group 20-29 years old and only a case reported with periodontal disease in 65 years old patients. According to sex distribution of patients, periodontal disease was mostly found in males than females. The periodontitis was more common in non-educated,treated ,smoking patients they living in rural area than educated,non treated ,non-smoking patients . they living in urban area.The most common anaerobic periodontal bacteria isolated from patients were peptostreptococcus prevotii which represented 15(8.3%) isolates, while prevotella intermedia, prevotella melani, prevotella disiens, Bifidobacterium sp., Fusibacterium mortiferum peptostreptococcus tetradius ,and Wolinella sp. represented only 1 (0.5%) of anaerobic isolates .Also another anaerobic subgingival bacteria isolated from inflamed sites in patients were fusibacterium varium, vellionella sp., campylobacter gracilis, capnocytophaga sp., peptostreptococcus magnus, peptostreptococcus micros, peptostreptococcus niger,peptostreptococcus anaerobius, staphylococcus saccharolyticus, streptococcus consellatus, and gemella morbillorum.


Article
Pulmonary tuberculosis in Alzab district
مرض السل الرئوي في منطقة Alzab

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Abstract

This study in Alzab district was done to identify the new cases of pulmonary tuberculosis and their clinical, radiological and laboratory features, and try to provide a method to control the spread of this disease. It included 30 patients, 17 patients were males and 13 patients were females, the mean age of the patients was 30.2 years. The disease predominantly affected young people. Smoking has no significant correlation to pulmonary TB. The common presenting symptoms were cough, fever, sputum, weight loss and sweating with high ESR. The common radiological features were nonhomogenous opacities, cavitory lesions and pleural effusion. All patients were reviewed after 2 months and 5 months of treatment for further assessment, which revealed significant improvement of symptoms, decrease.

أجريت هذه الدراسة في منطقة Alzab للتعرف على حالات جديدة من مرض السل الرئوي والتي السريرية والإشعاعية وميزات المختبرات، ومحاولة لتوفير وسيلة للسيطرة على انتشار هذا المرض. وشملت 30 مريضا، 17 مريضا من الذكور و 13 مريضا من الإناث، ومتوسط ​​عمر المرضى كان 30،2 عاما. هذا المرض في الغالب يتأثر الشباب. التدخين ليس له علاقة كبيرة لمرض السل الرئوي. وكانت الأعراض شيوعا تقديم السعال والحمى والبلغم وفقدان الوزن، والتعرق مع ارتفاع ESR. كانت ملامح مشتركة الإشعاعية عتامة nonhomogenous، آفات cavitory والانصباب الجنبي. وجرى استعراض جميع المرضى بعد 2 أشهر و 5 أشهر من العلاج لمزيد من التقييم، والتي كشفت عن تحسن ملحوظ في الأعراض، ونقصان.

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