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Alcoholism among male patients attending emergency units, Baghdad, Iraq

Author: Mushtaq T. Hashism
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 4 Pages: 416-418
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The problem of excessive alcohol consumption is a major cause of public health concern in most countries of the world today. Royal Colleges of Physicians and Psychiatrists recommended that every inpatient should be screened with a questionnaire for alcohol related problems. Therefore, this work was carried out to report on alcoholism in the emergency unit in two general hospitals in Baghdad, Iraq.
Methods: The study was carried out in Al-Sader general hospital (Al-Sader city, Baghdad) and Baghdad teaching hospital (Baghdad) for the period 1st July 2008 to 1st May 2009. Data collection was two days per week. Version of 25 items Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) and semi-structured schedule based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria for alcohol dependence were used. Males aged 16 – 70 years attended emergency units were included in the study.
Results: There were 11% had alcoholism. Alcoholism was significantly associated with age > 40 years, married, low educated and employed (p= 0.02, 0.002, 0.03, respectively). Alcohol dependence was significantly associated with younger age (< 40 years), single, low educated, early onset of drinking (< 30 years) and positive family history of alcoholism (p=0.006, 0.004, 0.004, 0.004, 0.005, respectively). Sensitivity and positivity of MAST were 86.7% and 60.7%, respectively.Conclusion:


Article
Changes in Personality and Mood profile of Women with Toxoplasmosis

Authors: Mohamed A. Hassan --- Nibras S. Abdul Aziz --- Jawad K. Al-Diwan --- Eman Al-Kaseer --- et al.
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 249-252
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Acquired T. gondii infection of immunocompetent patients may cause central nervous system manifestations (Gullain-Bare syndrome or brain abscess) and may be associated with psychiatric manifestation. Iraq is highly endemic with T. gondii, however, publications on psychiatric manifestation of T. gondii infection are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate psychiatric manjfestations in women with Toxoplasmosis. METHODS: A total of 68 toxoplasma positive pregnant women and 68 toxoplasma negative pregnant women were included in this study. It was conducted for the period of 5th Aug. 2008 to 28th Feb. 2009. ELISA was used to diagnose T. gondii. Questionnaire was used to diagnose personality type and depression was used. The diagnosis was according to ICD10 and DSM-IV. RESULTS: Rates of pseudpsychopathic and limbic personality epilepsy syndrome were significantly high among toxoplasmosis positive pregnant women. Significant high rate of depression was associated with acquired T. gonii infection. CONCLUSION: These findings might provide evidence supporting role of T. gondii infection in the onset of some behavioral disorders.

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