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Article
MEDICAL TREATMENT OF EARLY MISSED MISCARRIAGE AND ANEMBRYONIC PREGNANCIES: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF OUTPATIENT MANAGEMENT USING MISOPROSTOL ALONE

Authors: Zainab Baqer Abdullah --- Nada H Al-Jassim
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2016 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 100-104
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract Medical treatment using misoprostol has been recommended as an alternative to surgical evacuation for missed miscarriage in the first trimester in order to avoid anesthesia, surgical operation and hospitalization. Our aim is to assess the efficacy and safety of vaginal misoprostol in out-patient management of early miscarriages. This prospective study included patients with missed miscarriage of ≤10 weeks gestation. The protocol used 800 microgram of misoprostol on day 1 at clinic, followed by another dose of 800 microgram of misoprostol on day 2 if miscarriage was not complete. The included 150 patients, had missed miscarriage or anembryonic pregnancies. The success rate defined has complete miscarriage without need for surgical evacuation and without shortterm complications. Complete expulsion occurred within 2 days in 90.7% of cases. There were 14 patients needed surgical evacuations and admission to hospital (5 for method failure, 2 for incomplete miscarriage and 7 according to women decision). No one required blood transfusion. In conclusion, it is possible to use misoprostol as an out-patient treatment, since it gives satisfactory efficacy and is sufficiently safe.


Article
ANTHROPOMETRIC FACE IN BASRAH

Authors: Nada H Al-jassim --- Zuhair F Fathallah --- Nawal M Abdullah
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2014 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 29-40
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

ANTHROPOMETRIC FACE IN BASRAHNada H Al-jassim , Zuhair F Fathallah & Nawal M AbdullahMB,ChB, DGO.Anatomy.Abstract Anthropometry is the systematic quantitative representation of the human body, it is used to measure the absolute and relative variability in size and shape of the human body. Over thecenturies, there have been remarkable changes in anthropometric measurements due to geographical, cultural, genetic and environmental factors. The studying of human face and theassessment of facial dimensions attract the attention of the artists, poets and scientists and takes a prime importance in medical and dental fields in both diagnosis and treatment planning.Anthropometry also used for the design of clothing and equipment, e.g. Gas masks, oxygen masks, dust masks and respirators as well as design of military and industrial helmets. Therehad been no studies done on facial measurement in Basrah therefore, this study is to be considered as the first in this field and the baseline for further studies. This study had attemptedto quantitatively measure the human face in different ethnic groups of the local population and to identify the differences between individuals of different races and sexes, also to identify the differences between the people of Basrah and other people worldwide. These differences whichare responsible for the special facial features in different ethnic groups should be maintained during reconstructive or aesthetic surgery otherwise the patients will lose their ethnic features. The people of Basrah have different racial and ethnic background, there are Semites which are the Arabs and Syrian (Assyrian & Chaldean), Arian, who are the Armenian, Kurdish andPersian, and then there is the mixed group result from interracial marriages. This study is a cross sectional study with a comparative component conducted in Basrah governorate. The data was randomly collected from volunteers, for the period from February toJuly 2013. Raw data used in this study was originated from a total number of 1000 Iraqi adults (526 females and 474 males) living throughout Basrah governorate and were used to create adatabase for statistical analysis. The result of this study shows that there are differences between the races and between the local people and the surrounding countries and indeed there is a great difference from thestandard measurement advocated by western researchers. Introductionhe human face is a living mirror heldTout to the world, it has the power to common expression is “I may forget aname, but I’d never forget a face’ Anthropometryquantitative representation of the humanindividualunderstanding human physical variations . Overremarkablemeasurementscultural,Bas J Surg, December, 20, 2014Original ArticleMEASUREMENTSOFHUMANMB,ChB, MSc, Assist. Prof. Plastic Surgeon. MB,ChB, MSc, Assist.Prof. o


Article
Variability of Vertical and Horizontal Facial Measurements Among the Population of Basrah

Author: Zuhair F Fathallah*, Nawal M Abdullah**, Nada H Al-jassim
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Pages: 419-428
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Anthropometry is the systematic quantitative representation of the human body, it is used to measure the absolute and relative variability in size and shape of the human body. Scientists were studying this knowledge in medicine for both diagnosis and treatment.The people of Basrah are a mixture of Semites, Arian, and there are the mixed group result from interracial marriages.OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively measure the human face in different ethnic groups of local population and to identify the differences between individuals of different races and sexes, also to identify the differences between the people of Iraq and other people worldwide. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This study is a cross sectional study conducted in Basrah governorate. The data was randomly collected for the period from February to July 2013, from 1000 Iraqi adults (526 females and 474 males) living throughout Basrah governorate. They were between the ages of 18- 40 years, and had to meet certain criteria. This sample was used to create a database for statistical analysis.RESULTS:The results show that the measurements of the three sections and four sections facial profile are unequal as stated by neoclassical canons. The ears are longer than the nose. There are slight differences between the intercanthal distance (ICD) and alar width. The palpebral fissure length is equal to the ICD. The mouth width is 1.4 times the nose width. The facial width (zy- zy) is 3.4 times the nose (alae) width.CONCLUSION:There are differences in facial measurements, although slight, between different ethnic groups in Iraq, and between Iraqi population in general and the population of other countries, therefore, aesthetic measurements applied to all races are inapplicable. These slight differences could be attributed to interracial marriages and or environmental effect.

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