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Article
Comparison of periodontal health status in relation to IQ in right- and left handed individuals

Author: Nada K. Imran ندى كاظم عمران
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 4 Pages: 72-75
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Periodontal disease (PD) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by destruction of supporting structures of the teeth. Intelligence quotient (IQ) was potentially reported to significantly associated with prevalence of gingivitis. Mild gingivitis was obtained in high IQ levels while moderate gingivitis may be attributed to poor oral hygiene seen among the subjects having low IQ levels.Method: One hundred volunteers aged between 20-45 years old were enrolled in this study, patients were equally divided into right- and left-handed (50 patients each)and each group then subdivided into patients with healthy gingiva(10), patients with gingivitis (20), and patients suffering from periodontitis (20).An IQ questionnaire was prepared to be answered by each patient, Periodontal health status was recorded by using clinical periodontal parameters, plaque index (PLI)and gingival index (GI).Results: Analysis of data showed that there is no significant difference in parameters measured in the same group. Results of IQ score among healthy, gingivitis and periodontitis groups indicated presence of significant difference (P≤0.001) between right- and left-handed as compare to healthy subjects, Furthermore, in left-handed patients, IQ score was significantly higher (P≤0.05) in gingivitis group in comparison to periodontitis patients. In contrast, same groups in right-handed patients showed almost the same IQ score. The same pattern was observed in association with plaque index.Conclusion: Left-handed individuals have higher potential in providing plaque control. However, IQ score did not affect oral hygiene level with increased severity of periodontal disease in both groups

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Article
Quantitative detection and correlation of Epstein - Barr Virus in plasma with gingivitis and severity of chronic periodontitis by using real-time polymerase chain reaction technique

Authors: Nada K. Imran ندى كاظم عمران --- Basima Gh. Ali --- Duraid Q. Jassim
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 4 Pages: 133-140
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study aimed to detect EBV quantitatively in plasma using real-time polymerase chain reactiontechnique in chronic periodontitis and gingivitis patients and to compare the finding with control subjects (healthyperiodontium) and to investigate the relationship between the presence of EBV & the severity of periodontaldiseases using the clinical periodontal parameters (PLI ,GI , BOP ,PPD and CAL) between each of (chronicperiodontitis and gingivitis) patients and compare with control (healthy periodontium) subjects .Materials and methods: The study sample consisted of (101) individual of both genders, (61) chronic periodontitispatients which were subdivided into (mild, moderate & severe) depending on the scores of clinical attachmentlevel, (20) gingivitis patients and (20) control subjects (healthy periodontium) with age ranged from (30-50) years. Allthe groups were without any history of systemic diseases. Clinical periodontal parameters used in this study were (PLI,GI , BOP ,PPD and CAL) .Blood samples were collected from all individuals and examined by Real-Time PCRtechnique for the detection of EBV.Results: The result of comparison for the occurrence of EBV among study and control groups according to sequentialresponding of EBV appears to be highly significant at negative level of EBV, significant in (100 - 500 copy/105 cells)level and the results of leftover levels appear non significant difference. The result of correlation between the actualoccurrence of EBV and PPD scores in severe chronic periodontitis subgroup appears to be significant at PPD score(1) and non significant at scores (2&3). The correlations between EBV and PPD scores in moderate and mild chronicperiodontitis subgroups appear to be non significant with all scores. The results of correlation between EBV and CALparameter appear to be non significant among all scores of chronic periodontitis subgroup. Concerning plaqueindex, the correlation appears to be significant in mild chronic periodonttis subgroup and highly significant in controlgroup. In case of gingival index, the correlation appears to be significant in severe chronic periodontitis subgroupand control group .The result of correlation with (B.O.P. score 1) appears to be highly significant in severe subgroup ofchronic periodontitis group and significant in gingivitis group, while in case of (B.O.P. score 0), the correlationappears to be significant only in severe chronic periodonttis subgroup.Conclusions: The present findings revealed that there may be an association between EBV infection and the severityof periodontal diseases and thus coinfection with EBV may play a role in increase destruction of periodontal tissues


Article
Evaluation of serum levels Superoxide dismutase in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and gingivitis

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Abstract

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine abnormality in women, there is an increasing evidence for an oxidative stress in PCOS that induce genomic and mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid damage that leads directly to reduced fertility. The objectives of this study are to assess and compare the periodontal health status by measuring clinical periodontal parameters (PLI, GI and BOP)as well as serum levels of superoxide dismutase at gingivitis ,gingivitis with PCOS and healthy periodontium groups, then correlate between clinical and biochemical parameters.Materials and Methods: 60 females with an age range between (25-40) years old had been tested and divided into3 groups ,the control group consists of (20) females with healthy periodontium, group of (20) females with gingivitis and group of (20) females with gingivitis and PCOS. After completion of clinical periodontal parameters recording (PLI, GI& BOP), blood samples were collected and biochemical analysis of serum samples were carried out by using [Super oxide dismutase Assay kit] to evaluate serum super oxide dismutase levels.Results: The highest mean values of PLI,GI and BOP score1 were found in gingivitis+PCOS group. Highly significant difference was revealed among the groups regarding mean values of Superoxide dismutase with the highest mean value at gingivitis+ PCOS followed by gingivitis groups. Non-significant correlation were demonstrated between clinical and biochemical parameters except the significant moderate positive correlation of BOP at gingivitis+PCOS group.Conclusion: It could be certified that severity of gingivitis may increase in patients with PCOS. The concentration of serum SOD increased with the severity of gingival inflammation as well as the presence of PCOS. Serum SOD may be useful biochemical marker for early detection of periodontal disease and PCOS

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