research centers


Search results: Found 5

Listing 1 - 5 of 5
Sort by

Article
The Effect of Valvular Heart Diseases on Maternal and Fetal Outcome of Pregnancy

Authors: Nada Salih Ameen --- Nawfal Fawzi Anwer
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 238-241
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Profound hemodynamic alterations occur during pregnancy, labour and in the postpartum period. These changes can adversely affect both maternal and fetal outcome, if a women encounter a valvular heart disease during her pregnancy.OBJECTIVE:We try to evaluate the effect of valvular heart disease on maternal and fetal outcome of pregnancy.METHODS:This is a cross section descriptive study, carried out in Baghdad teaching hospital, throughout the period from September 2007 to October 2008. Seventy eight pregnant women with valvular heart diseases, in labour, were enrolled in this study. Their medical and obstetrical records were reviewed on admission. We looked for maternal outcome after delivery (method of delivery, heart failure, arrhythmia, need for medication and period of hospitalization), additional to fetal outcome (prematurity, viability and birth weight).RESULTS:Mitral valve disease is predominate valvular heart disease in pregnancy, most of them of mild severity. All maternal and fetal outcome parameters adversely increase among pregnant women with valvular heart diseases.CONCLUSION:Valvular heart diseases carried a higher risk for both mother and fetus. The risk related directly to severity of valvular heart diseases.


Article
The Characteristics Women with Cervical Cancer Referred for Radiotherapy and /or Chemotherapy

Authors: Nada Salih Ameen --- Zeena Raad Helmi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 321-328
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer in women in the world, most arise frominfection with human papiloma virus. Other host factors also affect the neoplastic progressionfollowing initial infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine characteristics of Iraqi women with carcinoma of the uterine cervix during the last 11years in Iraq. METHODS: Retrospective study; done on records in Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine Hospital- Baghdad; 488 cases of cervical carcinoma referred for chemotherapy and or radiotherapy , from 1999 to2009.Clinical and pathological data were reviewed and analyzed.RESULTS: The data that was obtained from the radiotherapy and nuclear medicine hospital showed that thewomen with cervical carcinoma constitute only 2.1% of total women with malignancies during1999-2009. Highest ;were in 2003 and 2004. Largest proportion presented in late stage(62.32%)and only 37.67% with early stage. Squamous cell carcinoma counted 98.38 % and only1.62% were adenocarcinoma . Median and mean age was 45-50. Median parity between 4 and 6.Majority of patients from Baghdad (43.02%) , Basra (10.93%)and lowest percentage from North;been collectively (10.46%).Only 6.55% had positive family history. (53.72%) with history ofsmoking; significantly associated with late stage. Most common clinical presentation was vaginalbleeding( 65.81%).The most common stage at time of presentation was stage II (36.51%). Most ofreferred patients had surgical interventions as total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingooophorectomy(suboptimalsurgery)60.93%.CONCLUSION:Mostpatientswithcarcinoma of cervix in Iraq presented in late stage due to absence of screeningprogram


Article
Human Papilloma Virus in a Sample of Iraqi Women with Normal and Abnormal Pap Smear

Authors: Nada Salih Ameen --- Dalia Thamer Ahmmad
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 211-218
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:World wide, cervical cancer is one of the most common cause of death from cancer in women, HPV testing have a key role in primary cervical screening and the currently accepted view is that HPV is an essential factor in the causation of the disease.OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to outline the presence of HPV infection in our community through sample of Iraqi's women who attended Central Health Laboratories with normal and abnormal Pap smear during the period from August 2006 to December 2008.METHODS: The data were collected from records of the laboratory which includes the information about patients who were referred to the central health laboratories to do HPV test , these data includes: age of the patients , marital state, years after marriage which represents the age of first sexual acts , also the records includes the smoking state, Pap smear results and lastly the HPV test results. HPV testing was done by PCR method , which initially required DNA extraction by MICROGENO DNA from AB Analitica , then DNA Amplificaion by PCR , and finally Electrophoresis for reading the UV light and translating it into certain molecular weight by Molecular Weight Markers.RESULTS:The percentage of HPV infection was 15.65 % , the percentage of positive test was 20% among those aged between 20-30 years old , no viruses had been detected above 50 years old . All the cases that have been examined were married and had 15% infection rate among them . The maximum infection rate 20% was among those who had sexual activity for 5-9 years. 91.6% of the infected women were smokers. 5.5% of the women with negative cytological results was infected, 26.3 % of those with ASCUS, 43.3% of those women with CIN I, 45.5% of those with CIN II , and 57% of those with CIN III ; the highest infection rates were 100% among patients with micro-invasive cancer. CONCLUSION: -High rate of HPV infection is associated with age , smoking and multiple sexual partners(married more than once). - High frequency of detection of oncogenic HPV infection are associated with increasing grade of cervical lesion.


Article
The Association of Gestational Diabetes with Serum Ferritin

Author: Dina Akeel Salman *,Thanaa Jameel Al-Khishali **, Nada Salih Ameen ***
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 47-56
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Serum ferritin is the standard measurement for the body iron stores, and is the most reliable marker for iron status. During pregnancy, there is a gradual decline in serum ferritin level. However, elevated maternal serum ferritin was notified in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between maternal serum ferritin level and gestational diabetes. METHODS: A prospective case control study of 50 women with singleton pregnancy that had gestational diabetes compared to 50 healthy pregnant women. The study was performed in Baghdad teaching hospital for one year period from June 2010 through June 2011. Serum iron, total iron binding capacity, and serum ferritin level were assayed. Mean serum ferritin was elevated (95.6027±99 ng/ml) in women with gestational diabetes, compared to that in the control group (31.7213±42ng/ml). RESULTS: There was a statistically significant elevation of serum ferritin in women with gestational diabetes. CONCLUSION:We concluded that there is a positive association between the elevated serum ferritin and gestational diabetes.


Article
P16INK4a Overexpression in Cervical Biopsies Collected from Women with Normal and Equivocal Pap Smears
التعبير المبالغ فيه لمادة P16INK4a في خزعات عنق الرحم من نساء لديهم مسحات سليمة وملتبسة

Authors: Thanaa JM Al-Khishali ثناء جميل الخشالي --- Nada Salih Ameen ندى صالح أمين --- Huda M Al-Khateeb هدى مهدي الخطيب
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 16-25
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer among women worldwide Immunohistochemical expression of p16INK4a has been relatively well established in cervical biopsy specimens.Objectives: Our hypothesis is to evaluate the usefulness of p16 immunostaining on tissue sections in borderline cases. Methods: This is a case-control study with a total of cervical samples from 60 women (25-66 years age) divided into three groups (I, II and III). The study was conducted at the Colposcopy Clinic in Baghdad Teaching Hospital – Medical City Complex, during the period from June 2013 through July 2014. The samples were analyzed by cytopathology, histopathology and p16INK4a immunostaining.Results: Group I showed negative p16 reaction. Among group II; one (5%) showed mild positive, 9 (45%) moderate positive and 10 (50%) high positive reactions. Group III specimens showed p16 positivity. Conclusion: p16INK4a immunohistochemistry is one of the best candidates for histologically indeterminate lesions.

الخلفية: سرطان عنق الرحم هو ثالث أكثر أنواع السرطان شيوعا بين النساء في جميع أنحاء العالم. لقد تم نسبيا اثبات التعبير المناعى المبالغ فيه لمادة p16INK4a في عينات من خزعات عنق الرحم. فرضيتنا هي تقييم فائدة الصبغة المناعية P16 على شرائح الأنسجة في الحالات الملتبسة أو غير المتأكد من تشخيصها.الطريقة: هذه دراسة الحالات الافرادية المقترنة بحالات ضابطة (case-control study) لمجموعه من عينات عنق الرحم من 60 امرأة (25-66 سنة العمر) مقسمة إلى ثلاث مجموعات (الأولى والثانية والثالثة). أجريت هذه الدراسة في عيادة التنظير المهبلي في مستشفى بغداد التعليمي - مجمع مدينة الطب، خلال الفترة من حزيران 2013 حتى تموز 2014. وقد تمت دراسة العينات عن طريق الفحص الخلوي، مقاطع لشرائح عن طريق علم أمراض الأنسجة، ومقارنتها بالصبغة المناعية لمادة p16INK4a. النتائج: أظهرت نتائج المجموعة الأولى رد فعل سلبي لصبغة P16. أما نتائج المجموعة الثانية فكانت كالاتي: واحد (5٪) أظهر رد فعل إيجابي ضعيف، وتسعة 9 (45٪) متوسط الإيجابية و10 (50٪) أظهر رد فعل إيجابي عالي. أما المجموعة الثالثة فقد أظهرت العينات إيجابية عالية لمادة p16.

Listing 1 - 5 of 5
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (5)


Language

English (4)


Year
From To Submit

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2009 (1)