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Article
White Spot Lesions Among Patients Treated With Fixed Orthodontic Appliance at Different Time Intervals

Authors: Elaf Abdul Kareem Alidan --- Nadia A. Alrawi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 177-182
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background:- White spot lesions are common esthetic problem that compromise the success of orthodontic treatment. This study aimed to assess white spot lesions in patients with fixed orthodontic appliance at different time intervals.Materials & Methods:- Thirty two patients (24 females and 8 males) were included in this study and they underwent clinical examination for white spot lesions using enamel decalcification index at four time intervals: (2-3 weeks after appliance insertion, 2, 4 and 6 months).Results:- The patients were free of white spot lesions at the appliance insertion visit. The mean of white spot lesions was 2.22 which were increased significantly during six months to reach 24.59 at the end of study. There was a significant difference between the maxillary and the mandibular arches, however, there was no significant difference found between the right and the left sides in both arches. The total numbers of teeth affected by white spot lesions were 74.61% after six months of treatment. Maxillary second premolar and mandibular canine were the most affected teeth; whereas the gingival area around the orthodontic brackets was the most affected area.Conclusion:-Orthodontic patients had a high risk for development of white spot lesions


Article
Oral health status among patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliance at different time intervals.

Authors: Dr. Elaf AbdulKareem Alidan B.D.S د. ايلاف عبد الكريم --- Dr. Nadia A. AlRawi B.D.S, M.Sc, PhD د. نادية الراوي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 31-37
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Fixed orthodontic appliance considered a risk factor that effect oralhealth status. Aims of this study were evaluation of oral hygiene, gingival healthand caries experience among patients with fixed orthodontic appliance atdifferent time intervals of treatment.Material & Methods:- 32 patients (24 female and 8 male) included in this study andthey underwent clinical examination plaque, calculus, gingival health and cariesexperience by using Loe, 1967, Green and vermillion, 1960 and WHO, 1987indices at four time intervals: 2-3 weeks after appliance insertion, 2 months, 4months, 6 months. The statistical analysis of data was by using statisticalPackage for social Sciences (SPSS version 18).Results:- The means of all variables examined increased during six months oforthodontic treatment with high significant difference during visits. 49.6% ofpatients developed new caries lesions after six months of treatment.Conclusion:- Patients underwent orthodontic treatment at high risk for developingoral health problems.

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