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Article
The Accuracy of Blood Pressure Device

Authors: Najla Ayoub --- Hana Alsaeed --- Lamya Ayoub
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 24-26
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: One of the factors affecting the accuracy of readings of blood pressure is the equipment used. Defects or inaccuracy of the sphygmomanometer may be source of error in blood pressure measurement. Aims: This study had two objectives. Firstly, to assess the accuracy of sphygmomanometer used in general practice and secondly to assess the physical condition. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 mercury and aneroid sphygmomanometers were tested for accuracy and physical condition. Results: The results were that of the mercury and aneroid sphygmomanometers tested, 30% were inaccurate, of these, 10% recorded an error greater than 10 mmHg. Both types of sphygmomanometers were evaluated for conditions of cuff/bladder, pump bulb, and valve. Air leaks / holes in the pump bulb was found in 4% and bladder damage in 6% and indicator needles not pointing to the zero. Conclusions: It is necessary that all equipment used for blood pressure measurement should be checked for accuracy on regular period.


Article
Hypothyroidism in transfusion dependent Genetics β-thalassemia
نقص انتاج الغدة الدرقية في مرضى الثلاسيميا المعتمد على نقل الدم

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Abstract

Background: beta thalassemia major is a big health problem worldwide. There are few studies dealing with prevalence and nature of thyroid dysfunction in Iraq.Objectives: to establish the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among patients with beta thalassemia major.Patients and Methods: this study was conducted during Nov. 2013 and dealt with 73 Iraqi patients with beta thalassemia major attending Al-Karma thalassemia Centre in Baghdad. They included 40 males and 33 females with age ranged from 15 years to 30 years. The height and weight were measured. Thyroid function tests were performed by enzyme linked uorescent an- tibodies.Results: hypothyroidism were reported in 16 patients 10 males and 6 females out of 73 patients examined with prevalence rate of 21.9%. All cases of hypothyroidism were subclinical hypothyroidism (high TSH level with normal T4 and T3).No case was documented to have autoimmune thyroiditis.Conclusion: there is high prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among Iraqi patients with beta thalassemia major. It is of high importance to monitor those patients at yearly intervals for early detection and replacement therapy.

يعتبر مرض الثلاسيميا الكبرى نوع بيتا بأنها مشكلة صحية كبيرة في العالم .وهنالك عدد قليل من الدراسات تناولت اضطراب وظائف الغدة الدرقية في مرض الثلاسيميا في العراق .ان الهدف من هذة الدراسة هي لمعرفة مدى انتشار اضطراب الغدة الدرقية في مرضى الث سيميا العراقيين. حيث تم اخذ 73 مريض من مركز الث سيميا في مستشفى الكرامة التعليمي في تشرين الثاني .تتضمن 40 ذكرا و33 انثى تتراوح اعمارهم بين -15 30 سنةوتم قياس الطول والوزن وتم قياس هورمون الغدة الدرقية بواسطة انزيمات الغدة الدرقية بواسطة ا نزيمات المرتبطة با جسام المضادة الفلورسنية. اظهرت النتائج بأن )16( مريضا منهم 10 ذكور و)6( اناث من 73 مريض بنسبة انتشار )%21.9( كل الحا ت هي عبارة عن نقص انتاج الهورموناتتحت السريري حيث TSH اعلى من الحد الطبيعي وt4 وt3 ضمن الحدود الطبيعية .ا ستنتاج بأن هنالك نسبة انتشار عالية في المرضى والذين يحتاجون الى متابعة مستمرة لغرض اعطاء هورمونات الغدة الدرقية

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