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Article
Prevalence of Osteoarthritis of Weight Bearing Joints in Relation to Body Weight in Both Genders
انتشار هشاشة العظام من المفاصل الحاملة للوزن فيما يتعلق بوزن الجسم في كلا الجنسين

Author: Niaz J. AL-Barzinjy
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2010 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-66
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Obesity is an important and increasing public health problem, being a risk factor for overall mortality and major chronic disease. To determine relationship between different measures of body mass index and incidence of hip and knee osteoarthritis in male and female.Methods: Comparison of prevalence of primary osteoarthritis of knee and hip. Between age and sex matched control from out patient clinic of Erbil and Rizgary teaching hospital over period of eleven months starting on Jan 2007.this constituted one hundred and eighty five subjects of normal body `mass index. And one hundred and sixty subjects with high body mass index. Subjects fulfilling our inclusion criteria under went clinical evaluation and radiology of their knee and hip joints, we assessed by chi-squared test, differences in frequency of osteoarthritis between those with normal body mass index and those with high body mass index and between male and female.Results: Obesity was a stronger predictor of osteoarthritis of knee joint with no sex and age difference. In the prevalence of osteoarthritis of hip joint. No link between obesity and hip osteoarthritis was found in this study.

Keywords

Obesity --- Osteoarthritis


Article
Prevalence of dyslipidemia and its association with disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis attending Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil City
انتشار عسر شحميات الدم وارتباطه بنشاط المرض في المرضى الذين يعانون من التهاب المفاصل الروماتويدي في مستشفى رزكاري التعليمي في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Niaz J. Al-Barzinjy --- Shnow Burhan Hameed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2017 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 1781-1788
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: This study aimed to measure the prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis compared with healthy control people and find out the correlation between dyslipidemia and disease activity.Methods: A prospective case-control was done. A total of 100 female patients with rheumatoid arthritis were included in the study. This study was conducted at the Rheumatology Out-patient Clinic in Rizgary Teaching Hospital, Erbil City over seven months from April 2013 to October 2013. Patients who fulfilling the 1987 revised American College of Rheumatology and 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League against rheumatism classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis and 100 healthy female age-matched controls with the mean age for both groups being 45. Fasting lipid profiles of cases and controls were estimated after an overnight fasting of 12 hours. Association between lipid profile and disease activity using disease activity score DAS 28, inflammatory markers (CRP and ESR) was also determined. Results: Rheumatoid arthritis patients showed a higher prevalence of associated dyslipidemia (47%) in comparison to control (5%), P = 0.004. There was a significant reduction in serum high density lipoproteins (P = 0.04), with significant elevation of serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein (P = 0.001, 0.004, 0.04 and 0.05, respectively) in comparison to controls. There was a significant relation between disease activity score 28 and serum high density lipoproteins (P <0.001) and there was a significant relation between ESR and triglyceride (P = 0.05).Conclusion: is frequent among the patients with rheumatoid arthritis and highly associated with active rheumatoid arthritis. Serum high density lipoproteins significantly reduced while other parameters of lipid profiles significantly increased in comparisons to control.


Article
ISLAMIC PRAYING AND OSTEOARTHRITIS CHANGES OF WEIGHT BEARING JOINTS
الصلاة الاسلامية و سوفان المفاصل الحاملة لثقل الجسم

Authors: TAHER Q. AL-DABBAGH طاهر الدباغ --- MAHAMMED T. RASOOL محمد طاهر رسول --- NIAZ J. AL- BARZINJY نياز البرزنجي
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2009 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 33-44
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

ABSTRACTObjective Find out whether daily physical activities of Islamic praying predispose to or protect from osteoarthritis (OA) of weight bearing joints. Methods Comparison of prevalence of primary OA of knees and/or hips between age and weight matched prayers and non-prayers men. Civil official and employees from different establishments in Erbil City (191 Subjects) and (21 Subjects) from out-patient clinics of Rizgary and Erbil Teaching Hospital-Erbil, over a period of eight months starting on Jan.2004. This constituted one hundred and eleven prayers and 101 subjects not practicing Islamic praying. Subjects fulfilling our inclusion criteria underwent clinical evaluation and radiology of their knee and hip joints. We assessed, by Chi-squared test, differences in frequency of OA between prayers and non-prayers, and between the > 20 year prayers who lay hands first on prostrating from erect posture and the same duration prayers who lay their knees first. Results No single OA of hip was encountered. OA of knees was significantly less (p. < 0.01) prevalent among prayers than those who did not practice Islamic praying.differentially, Laying knees first on prostrating from erect posture was associated with significantly (p. <0.05) higher frequency of OA of knees as compared with those who lay their hands first on the praying rug(ground). Conclusion Islamic praying in 46-60 year-old men, of normal or marginal overweight (BMI 20-27kg/m2), protects from primary OA of the knees. Laying palms first on prostrating from standing position appears to preclude a likely harmful effect on the knee joints presumably from repeated "hitting" of ground under the praying rug if laid first on prostration.

الاهداف: يهدف البحث لدراسة تاثير التكرار اليومى لحركات الجسم أثناء تأدية الصلاة الإسلامية فى الحمايه من او التعريض للاصابه بسوفان المفاصل التى تحمل ثقل الجسم.طرق البحث: تم شمول عينة عينه من الموظفين والمستخدمين المدنيين ضمت (111 ) مصلى و (101 ) من غير المصلين. تم أخذ العينة من مؤسسات مدنية مختلفه فى مدينة اربيل اضافة الى العيادات الخارجية (الإستشارية الباطنية) في مستشفى رزكاري و مستشفى اربيل التعليمي في اربيل لمدة ثمانية أشهر إعتباراً من كانون الثاني 2004 . جرى تقييم الاشخاص الذين استوفوا ضوابط الادخال من خلال الفحص السريرى والشعاعى لمفصلى الركبه والورك لتحديد الاصابه بالسوفان المفصلى ثم قورنت النتائج بين المجاميع المتماثله بالعمر والوزن من المصلين وغير المصلين لمعرفة الفوارق بينها اعتمادا على فحص (Chi-squared test).النتائج: لم تثبت اى حاله سوفان فى مفصل الورك فى كل عينة البحث. كانت حالات الاصابه بسوفان مفصل الركبه اقل لدى المصلين بالمقارنه مع غير المصلين وبفارق احصائى معنوي (p. < 0.01) . كانت الاصابه بسوفان مفصل الركبه لدى المصلين الذين يستقبلون الا رض بايديهم عند السجود اقل منها لدى المصلين الذين يستقبلون الارض بالركب وبفارق احصائى معنوي (p. <0.05) . الاستنتاجات: يمكن تفسير النتائج التي تم التوصل اليها في الدراسة كما يأتي :-ان أداء الصلاة الإسلاميه بصورة منتظمة من قبل الرجال بعمر 46- 60 سنه ممن تتراوح كتلة الجسم لديهم بحدود (BMI = 20-27kg / m2) يحمي من الإصابة بمرض سوفان الركبتين.ان استقبال الارض باليدين عند السجود يوفر حمايه اكبر لمفصل الركبه من الاذى المحتمل حصوله من الارتطام المتكرر بالارض الامر الذى يستدعى تثقيف المصلين بهذا الاتجاه من خلال التوصيه بتشجيع إستخدام سجادة سميكة مع استقبال الارض باليدين أولاً عند السجود.

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