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Article
Risk Factors of Birth Trauma of New Born Babies in Baghdad Teaching Hospital

Authors: Adel Obaid Seger --- Nibras H. Hussain
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 44-48
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Birth trauma is defined as injury to infant resulting from mechanical forces (such as compression or traction) during the process of birth . Objectives of the study: 1. To highlight the risk factors that may contribute to birth trauma. 2. To identify the common types of birth trauma in the obstetric units. Patients & Methods: During 6 months period a cross sectional study was conducted on 200 babies (100 babies delivered with birth trauma and 100 babies delivered without birth trauma for the control group) in Baghdad Teaching Hospital Results: Trauma of the cranium was the most common type. There is a significant association between birth trauma and birth weight , gestational age, multiple gestations , prolonged labor , babies from mothers who are primigravida , diabetic or having contracted pelvis .

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Article
Dyslipidemia in Young Adults Aged (20-40) Years Attending Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Al-Mansour Primary Health Care Center in Baghdad City

Authors: Hamza A. Al-Sabah --- Nibras H. Hussain --- **, Dalia Tariq Ali
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 320-327
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a condition characterized by high quantities of lipids in the blood stream. Lipids include cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids. Fats and cholesterol are generally processed in the liver and carried on proteins in the blood, forming lipoproteins. Its complications include pancreatitis, atherosclerosis, coronary artery diseases and stroke.OBJECTIVE: Is to estimate the prevalence of hyperlipidemia in the Iraqi young adults aged 20-40 years and to shed a light on any significant association between some socio-demographic and life style variables with hyperlipidemia.SUBJECTS & METHODS :A cross-sectional study was conducted from the first of December 2011 to the first of June 2012. RESULTS :The prevalence rate of any lipid abnormality (at least one abnormality) was 75%.The prevalence rates of elevated serum total cholesterol, low serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol, elevated serum triglyceride and elevated serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol were (32.5%, 38.5%, 29.5%, 30%), respectively. The prevalence rate of elevated TC/HDL ratio was 61%.CONCLUSION : There is a high prevalence of lipid abnormality in young adults of whom males had higher prevalence than females but the difference was not significant.The significant associated risk factors with hyperlipidemia were age, BMI, newly diagnosed or uncontrolled diabetic and hypertensive patients, cholesterol/fat rich diet and type of cooking oil.

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