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Article
Sinus floor elevation procedure with immediate implant placement using artificial bone substitutes: a prospective clinical study
إجراء رفع الجيوب الأنفية للأرضية مع وضع الزرع الفوري باستخدام بدائل العظام الصناعية: دراسة سريرية مستقبلية

Author: Omed I. Shihab
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 66-73
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical status of implants placed immediately in lifted maxillary sinus using Resorbable Tissue Replacement (R.T.R.) cone bone substitutes.Methods: Twenty implants were placed in twenty patients in the period between Jan. 2006 and Sept. 2010. Lateral approach, open window method for sinus lift with placement of Resorbable Tissue Replacement Cone bone substitutes were carried out. A 4-6 mm of the bone level was required in the alveolar ridge for primary stability, with sufficient inter-arch space for the prosthesis. All implants were placed in upper molar region simultaneously with sinus lift procedure in conjunction with Tissue Replacement Cone bone substitutes. The implant survival was defined when the prosthesis had been delivered and followed for two years without infection, pain, and mobility after loading.Results: Twenty patients, 13 males and 7 females, with an average age of 41 years old were participated in this study. A total of twenty implants were followed up for two years. Eighteen patients with eighteen implants (90.0%) showed no signs of sinusitis or other complications and the peri-implant health judged to be good with a peri-implant sulcus depth of 2-3mm. Two implants (10%) showed mobility before loading.Conclusion: A good survival rate was observed in implants placed immediately in lifted maxillary sinus using Resorbable Tissue Replacement (R.T.R.) cone bone substitutes.


Article
Pattern of mandibular third molar impaction in patients attended the Hawler College of Dentistry: a retrospective radiographic study
نمط الانحشار المولي الفك السفلي لدى المرضى الذين حضروا كلية هولير لطب الأسنان: دراسة إشعاعية بأثر رجعي

Authors: Omed I. Shihab --- Katayon N. Kurchid
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2010 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 67-70
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Back grounds and objectives: The aim of this study was to assess radiographically the angulations and depth of impacted mandibular third molars.Method: In a retrospective study 163 impacted mandibular third molars of 100 patients were examined on orthopantomograms (OPT) in the College of Dentistry/ Hawler Medical University during 2008. From these orthopantomograms the angulations (mesioangular, distoangular, vertical, and horizontal) and the depth (types A, B, and C) of the impacted mandibular third molars were recorded. The frequencies of unilateral and bilateral impaction were also recorded.Results: The average age of the patients was 26.5 + 5 ranging from 20-40 years with a median of 25 years. Fifty eight (58%) of the cases were female and 42 (42%) were male. The frequency of mesioangular, distoangular, vertical and horizontal impactions were 73 (44.8%), 37 (22.6%), 28 (17.2%), and 25(15.4%) successively. The depths of the impactions were 45 (27.6%) depth A, 74 (45.4%) depth B, and 44 (27%) depth C.The frequency of unilateral impaction was 26 (26%) and that of bilateral impaction was 74 (74%).Conclusion: Impacted mandibular third molars are more common in female. Mesioangular impaction is more common followed by distoangular. Depth B most common and most of the patients have bilateral impaction.


Article
Birth Prevalence of Cleft lip and/or Palate in Hawler City A retrospective Hospital based One year Study
معدل انتشار ولادة الشفة المشقوقة و / أو الحنك في مدينة هاولر - دراسة بأثر رجعي قائمة على سنة واحدة

Authors: Omed I. Shihab --- Muyesser A. Noori
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2009 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 69-72
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of cleft lip and/or palate in two hospitals in Hawler city among children born from 1/1/2008 to 31/12/ 2008.Methods: In a retrospective study, birth records of 22387 children from two hospitals (Maternity and Raparin Hospitals) were used to identify all children born with cleft lip and/or palate. Information about prevalence, type of cleft, site, gender, family history, and associated anomalies were investigated.Results: The overall prevalence rate of cleft lip and palate was 0.58 per 1000 births. The prevalence of isolated cleft palate, isolated cleft lip and cleft lip and palate were 0.13, 0.09 and 0.36 per 1000 respectively. Male to female ratio was 1.6:1. Regarding the site of cleft 30.8% was on the right side, 7.7% was on the left side and 61.5% was bilateral. A positive family history was found in 15.4% of the cases and 38.5% of the cases were associated with anomalies.Conclusions: The prevalence rate of cleft lip and palate in Hawler obstetric hospitals during 2008 was lower than that reported in Asians and Europeans, and it was slightly higher than that reported in Africans. Male predominates in all types of clefts. Higher incidence of associated anomalies was observed compared with other studies in different populations.


Article
Dental implants in an orthodontically created spaces using NiTi open coil spring in anterior and premolar regions

Authors: Omar Fawzi Abduljabbar --- Omed I. Shihab --- Othman A. Omer
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2017 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 1722-1725
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Orthodontic space opening is a common treatment for congenitally missing teeth. Dental implants are often used to replace the missing tooth to establish ideal esthetics without restoring the adjacent teeth. This study aimed to investigate the outcome of implants placed in orthodontically created bone. Methods: Fifty dental implants were used for rehabilitation of lost tooth/teeth in 30 patients after space creation using orthodontic treatment. Patients with congenital and traumatic missing tooth/teeth, who lost the space for accommodation of normal size crown, and patients with spacing were enrolled in the study. NiTi open coil spring was used for space creation. The patients were followed up clinically and radiographically (OPG). Results: Out of 50 implants, the success rate was 78% (39 implants). Eleven implants (22%) failed to get osseointegration. Mean age of the patients was 26.33. Female patients constituted 63.33%, and male patients 36.67%. A new one replaced all the failed implants. Most of the failures were in the mandible. Conclusion: Orthodontic treatment can be used as a type of osteodistraction method for provision of an acceptable amount of bone for dental implants. The quality of the gained bone can be improved by offering sufficient time for healing.


Article
Incidence of facial soft tissue injuries among patients attending surgical casualty reception in Rojh-halat emergency hospital
حدوث إصابات في الأنسجة الرخوة في الوجه بين المرضى الذين يراجعون استقبال الحالات الجراحية في مستشفى الطوارئ روزهلات

Authors: Omed I. Shihab --- jalal Hamasalih Fattah --- Rasool Hamed Awlla
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 300-304
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Facial soft-tissue injuries are the most common injuries presenting to surgical causality reception. The present study aimed to provide a preliminary data base about the distribution, type, pattern and etiology of facial soft tissue injuries. Methods: In a prospective clinical study all patients with facial injury were enrolled in this study, over a ten months period (from 1st October 2010- 1st July 2011), who attended Surgical Casualty Reception in Rojh-halat Emergency Hospital. A questionnaire was used to collect patients’ database and relevant information. The wound configuration was divided as laceration, abrasion and contusion as well as the site of facial soft tissue injuries were recorded using the modified MCFONTZL system. Results: A total of 168 patients with facial soft tissue injuries were received and managed at Surgical Casualty Reception in Rojh-halat Emergency Hospital. The age of the patients were ranged from 1-80 years old. Most of the patients were within the age range of 1-10. Male patients constitute 62.5% of the cases. The most common etiology of facial soft tissue injury was falls. Regarding type of the injury, laceration was the most common type. The lips and chin region were mostly involved. Conclusion: Fall is the most common cause of facial injury. Lower third of the face is mostly involved. road traffic legislations have a role in decreasing road traffic accidents.

Keywords

face --- soft tissue --- injury


Article
Oral Tori In Edentulous Patients
توري عن طريق الفم المرضى

Authors: Omed I. Shihab --- Hoshang Khalid Abdel-rahman --- Ali F. Alzubaidee
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 241-247
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence, size, shape and location of tori in partially and completely edentulous patients attending the College of Dentistry/ Hawler Medical University from 2009-2011.Methods: In a retrospective study four hundred and fifty patients case file from Erbil city were examined for the presence of oral tori in prosthodontic department, College of Den-tistry, Hawler Medical University. The size, shape and location of tori were recorded and related with the age and sex of patients.Results: The overall prevalence of tori was 14.2% (64 cases). The prevalence of torus palatinus was 60.9% (39/64), while that of torus mandibularis was significantly lesser 23.5 % (15/64).Both types of tori were associated with each other in 15.62% of cases (10/64).Conclusion: There was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of tori be-tween males and females. There was a significant relationship between the presence of mandibular and palatal tori.

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