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Article
The prevalence of gingival recessions and its association with the width of attached gingiva, oral hygiene status, gingival conditions and toothbrushing

Author: Rafi’ A Al–Talib
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 119-127
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study highlights on examining 100 dental students within the clinical years program. The oral hygiene status and gingival conditions were diagnosed by using the plaque index score (Silness and Löe, 1964) and the gingival index score (Löe and Silness, 1963). On this basis, the width of the attached gingiva and the depth of the gingival pockets were evaluated. The gingival recessions were recorded and their heights measured from the cementoenamel junction to the gingival margin. Questionnaires about method, time and frequency of toothbrushing and type of toothbrush used were recorded. The results showed that 33 students have one or more gingival recession, 18 students had one and 15 students had two or more; among them 5 had 3 and 2 had 4 recessions, and no significant correlation was found between oral hygiene and gingival recession, oral hygiene and width of attached gingiva, gingival conditions and gingival recession, gingival conditions and width of attached gingiva, width of attached gingiva and number of gingival recessions. No statistically significant differences were observed in oral hygiene status and gingival conditions among three groups of students (without, with one and with two or more recessions, respectively). No correlations were shown between different methods of toothbrushing, time of brushing and type of toothbrush used and gingival recessions. Only correlation was found between frequency of brushing and gingival recessions.


Article
The Microbial Contamination of Toothbrushes and Their Disinfection by Antimicrobial Solutions

Authors: Eman A Mustafa --- Rayia J Alnaimi --- Rafi A Al–Talib
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 144-150
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the bacterial survival rate on toothbrushes after brushing and the efficacy of their decontamination by immersing them in different antimicrobial solutions when toothbrushes were not inuse. Materials and Methods: Twenty healthy dental students participated in this study, they were all supplied with a new toothbrush of the same brand and type together with identical tubes of fluoridated toothpastes and were asked to brush twice daily for a period of 4 weeks during which they were asked to follow their oral hygiene practices. The students were divided into 3 groups, the first group kept theirtoothbrushes in a ventilated area exposed to air after brushing; the second group kept their toothbrushes soaked in 1% Sodium hypochlorite solution (1 part bleach, 4 parts of distilled water); the third groupimmersed their toothbrushes in 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate solution. After one month the toothbrushes were collected, decapitated and examined in the laboratory by making bacteriological cultures to identify the aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms in each toothbrush, also the total live bacterial counts per toothbrush were obtained. Results: The toothbrushes that were not immersed in any antimicrobial solution were heavily contaminated and the immersing of toothbrushes in 0. 2 % chlorhexidine gluconate solution was a very effective method in reducing the mean number of aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. Conclusions: Toothbrushes can become contaminated after approximately1 month of use, it is therefore recommended for individuals to use solutions like 0.2 % chlorhexidine gluconate which proved to be an effective antimicrobial agent to reduce toothbrush contamination.


Article
The Effect of New Formula (Nut Meg Extract) As A Mouth Wash Compared With Chlorhexidine Mouth Wash

Authors: Ghada A Taqa --- Rafi' A Al–Talib --- Maha T Al–Saffar --- Amer A Taqa
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 189-196
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To compare the anti–plaque and anti–inflammatory effects of new mouth rinse (nut meg) to the conventional chlorhexidine anti–inflammatory and anti–plaque effects (in vivo study). Materials andMethods: Sixteen dental students in the final year participated in this study (2 females and 14 males) aged 22–23 years (mean 22.5 years). A double blind study was carried out by measuring plaque index,modified gingival index and bleeding index pre–treatment and post–treatment with the two mouth rinses (nut meg and chlorhexidine). The same volunteers were participated in the two test periods andeach period lasted 5 days with a wash out twice daily. Deterioration rate for each parameter was derived and used ass a unit of analysis. Results: The new mouth rinse (nut meg extract) had a significantanti–plaque and anti–inflammatory effects (measured by reduction in bleeding index), which was nearly equivalent to the anti–plaque and anti–inflammatory effects of chlorhexidine. No significant differencewas noticed between post–treatment group (p > 0.05) of the two mouth rinses regarding plaque and bleeding indices. Conclusion: The nut meg extract mouth rinse had anti–inflammatory effect which encourage its use in dentistry as a new mouth rinse for the treatment of gingivitis.


Article
Comparative antiplaque activity of propolis extract and chlorhexidine in vivo

Authors: Baceer A Abdullah --- Rafi’ A Al–Talib --- Fa’iz A Al–Sultan
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2003 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 7-12
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study compared the clinical efficacy of different mouthwashes [0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), 0.5%, 1% water extract of propolis, 0.5%, 1% ethanolic extract of propolis] with distilled water in their ability to inhibit plaque accumulation. In this double blind study, 10 (8 males and 2 females) dental students volunteers aged from 20-24 years, 1120 tooth surfaces from 280 teeth were examined. Each volunteer received a final professional tooth cleansing and was instructed to stop all mechanical tooth cleaning effort for next 5 days, where the mouthwashes used 3 times daily. Plaque system index (Silness and Löe, 1964) was obtained from teeth surfaces (buccal, lingual, mesial and distal) before and after the uses of mouthwashes. The results of this study showed significant difference (p < 0.05) between 0.2% CHX, 0.5% and 1% water extract of propolis, 0.5% ethanolic extract of propolis and distilled water, but non significant difference (p > 0.05) between CHX and 1% ethanolic extract of propolis in their ability to inhibit plaque accumulation. It can be concluded that the alcoholic extract of propolis may be used as adjunct to mechanical plaque control during the maintenance phase of therapy to ensure sustained low plaque level and this may meet patient approval because it is a natural substance and devoid of industrial chemical component.


Article
A clinical comparison of antibacterial mouth rinses in orthodontic patients

Authors: Rafi’ A Al–Talib --- Baceer A Abdullah --- Ali R Al–Khatib
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 59-64
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This clinical investigation was undertaken to compare the antibacterial activity of two mouth rinses (chlorhexidine digluconate 0.2% and phenolic compounds) with salty water (0.9% NaCl) to assess their ability to control plaque and gingival inflammation in conjunction with a normal daily home care in patients with fixed orthodontic appliance. In this clinical trial, 45 patients were randomly divided into three groups; each containing 15 per-sons matched in age and gender, they were instructed to use rinses twice daily for 30 seconds after breakfast and before the bedtime. The gingival and plaque indices were measured according to Silness and Löe for the six teeth at the baseline and two mon-ths after rinses. The results of the study revealed that there is a significant reduction at p < 0.05 after rinsing with phenol and chlorhexidine digluconate for gingival index, while non significant change for salty mouthwash, and only significant reduction in plaque index for chlorhexidine digluconate mouth rinse and non significant one for phenol and salty mouthwashes. These results support previous published results on the superiority of 0.2% chlorhexidine digluconate when used in conjunction with professional care as an adjunct to routine oral hygiene practice in orthodontic patients.


Article
Assessment of dentists self-performed plaque control measures in Mosul city

Authors: Faiz A AL-SULTAN --- Rafi A AL-TALIB --- Baceer A ABDULLAH
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: S313-S326
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

A survey of (146) dentists in Mosul city was involved by questionnaire to evaluate the plaque control measures include brushing & interdental aids, the age range (23-58) years.The result of this survey revealed that (54%) of the sample brush their teeth once daily,(29%)&(17%) brush their teeth twice & more respectively. Significant difference was found between the frequency of brushing & the gender were female brushes their teeth more frequent than male,(74%) of the dentist select specific tooth paste, Signal &Sanino were the most frequent tooth pastes selected by the dentists.Also this study showed that (69%) of the dentists were used interdental aids,(51%) used dental floss,(18%) used toothpick,(66%) used it daily,(29%) weekly &(5%) monthly.

Keywords

Dentist --- toothbrush --- dental floss

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