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Azithomycin as an adjunctive to non-surgical treatment in comparison with doxycycline in chronic periodontitis patients: 2-months randomized clinical trial

Authors: Saif S.Saleim سيف سهام سليم --- Raghad F. Abbas رغد فاضل عباس --- Suzan Ali سوزان علي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 72-75
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Antibiotic therapy can be used in very specific periodontal treatment situations such as in refractorycases of periodontal disease which is found to be more prevalent in smokers. The aim of study was to asses theclinical effect of systemic use of Azithromycin and Doxycycline as adjunctive to non surgical scaling and rootplanning in patients with chronic periodontitis.Materials and methods: The study participants were 21 adult male, divided to three groups. 1n: GI treated by nonsurgical root planning with systemic intake of Azithromycin of 500 mg once daily for three days only. In GIIDoxycycline 100mg once daily was given for one week in addition to non surgical root planning while in the G III(control group) the patients were treated only by a routine scaling and root planning with out using any type of drug..The periodontal parameters used are the following:- Plaque index system(PLI) Gingival index (GI),Probing pocketdepth (PPD) and Bleeding on probing (BoP)Results: The study based on three periodontal parameters to asses the results of study, first of which is plaque indexand there was a significant low in all groups from the base line until the 4th visit while the bleeding on probing showeda highly significant difference between the groups whom take antibiotics as an adjunctive to a non surgicaltreatment and the group with out antibiotics. While for probing pocket depth the difference was only between thegroups whom take Azithromycin and control group this difference was start in the 2nd visit until the last visitConclusion: Although both treatment strategies seemed to be a successful therapy, the adjunctive use of 500 mgazithromycin systemically enhanced the clinical results

Keywords

Azithromycin --- Doxycycline

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