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An Evaluation of the Effect of Bleaching Agent on Microhardness of a New Silorane-Based Restorative System and Methacrylate-Based Restorative Material

Authors: Shatha Abdul Kareem --- Rasha Hameid Jehad
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2012 Volume: 20 Issue: 1 Pages: 385-363
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: The high reactivity of hydrogen peroxide used in bleaching agents have raised important questions on their potential adverse effects on physical properties of restorative materials. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of in-office bleaching agents on the microhardness of a new Silorane-based restorative material in comparison to methacrylate-based restorative material.Materials and method: Forty specimens of Filtek™ P90 (3M ESPE,USA) and Filtek™ Supreme XT (3M ESPE, USA) of (8mm diameter and 3m height) were prepared. All specimens were polished with Sof-Lex disks (3M ESPE, USA). All samples were rinsed and stored in incubator 37˚C for 24 hours in DDW. Ten sample of each material were subjected to 37.5% hydrogen peroxide gel (Pola office +, SDI)for 8 minutes while exposed to light curing device, this step was repeated three times for 3 weeks. While the other ten samples for each material was served as control. All specimens were subjected to microhardness test using digital microhardness tester to determine the VHN (Vickers Hardness Number)Results : The Filtek™ P90 exhibited higher microhardness value than Filtek™ Supreme XT. After hydrogen peroxide treatment, both types of composites exhibited low microhardness values but still Filtek™ P90 is harder than Filtek™ Supreme XT.Conclusion : In-office hydrogen peroxide bleaching agent resulted in reduction in microhardness values for both composite materials. Silorane- based composite is more affected by the bleaching agent than methacrylate-based composite.


Article
The Effect of Modified Carisolv Gel on Surface Roughness of two Different Types of Ceramic Materials Using Light Polarizing Microscope

Author: Dr. Rasha Hameid Jehad B.D.S., M.Sc. د. رشا حميد
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 307-312
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This in vitro study evaluated the influence of chemomechanical caries removal solution on the surface topography of metal-ceramic feldspar porcelain (MAJOR ceramic) and All-ceramic feldspar porcelain (Vita Alpha) using light polarizing microscope. Forty specimens of MAJOR ceramic and forty specimens of Vita Alpha ceramic of (12mm diameter & 3mm height) were prepared .All specimens were polished with silicon polishing burs, cleaned, autoglazed and stored in 37°C before exposure to Carisolv. Thirty specimens of each material randomly exposed to Carisolv gel for 5, 10 and 20 minutes respectively, other ten specimens were not, to act as control group. All specimens were subjected to surface roughness test by profilometer and evaluated using light polarizing microscope. ANOVA and student t-test were used to analyze the surface roughness values.Different exposure times of modified Carisolv gel showed highly significant difference compared to control (P<0.001).Surface treatment with modified Carisolv gel for 20 minutes resulted in the highest surface roughness. Metal-ceramic feldspar porcelain (MAJOR ceramic) showed high surface roughness than all ceramic feldspar porcelain (Vita Alpha), however, the difference is statistically not significant (P>0.05).Different exposure times of modified Carisolv gel affect the surface roughness of dental ceramic materials differently. This study showed major influence on surface topography after exposure to modified Carisolv gel for 20 minutes on dental ceramics MAJOR and Vita Alpha.


Article
Assessing The Radiopacity of Three Resin Composite Materials Using a Digital Radiography Technique

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Abstract

Background: Radiopacity is one of the prerequisites for dental materials, especially for composite restorations. It's essential for easy detection of secondary dental caries as well as observation of the radiographic interface between the materials and tooth structure. The aim of this study to assess the difference in radiopacity of different resin composites using a digital x-ray system.Materials and methods: Ten specimens (6mm diameter and 1mm thickness) of three types of composite resins (Evetric, Estelite Sigma Quick,and G-aenial) were fabricated using Teflon mold. The radiopacity was assessed using dental radiography equipment in combination with a phosphor plate digital system and a grey scale value aluminum step wedge with thickness varying from 1mm to 10mm in steps of 1mm each. The tested materials were radiographed, we used Image J software, on a computer screen to evaluate the degree of radiopacity for each individual material and compare with the aluminum step wedge. Radiopacity was expressed in mm of equivalent aluminum step wedge. Analysis of varience (ANOVA) and Least Significant Difference (LSD) were used to investigate the significance of differences among the tested groups.Results: Statistical analysis showed highly significant difference among the tested groups (p≤0.01). Amongst, G-aenial composite shows the most radiopaque and it is above or equivalent to that of enamel, while Estelite Sigma Quick composite has the lowest radiopacity value and is equivalent to that of dentin.Conclusion: In line with previous studies, and within the limitation of our study, considerable variations in radiopacity values were found among materials depending on the radiopaque elements incorporated into the matrix. All composite materials tested complied with the ISO 4049 standard

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