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Incidence of facial soft tissue injuries among patients attending surgical casualty reception in Rojh-halat emergency hospital
حدوث إصابات في الأنسجة الرخوة في الوجه بين المرضى الذين يراجعون استقبال الحالات الجراحية في مستشفى الطوارئ روزهلات

Authors: Omed I. Shihab --- jalal Hamasalih Fattah --- Rasool Hamed Awlla
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 300-304
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Facial soft-tissue injuries are the most common injuries presenting to surgical causality reception. The present study aimed to provide a preliminary data base about the distribution, type, pattern and etiology of facial soft tissue injuries. Methods: In a prospective clinical study all patients with facial injury were enrolled in this study, over a ten months period (from 1st October 2010- 1st July 2011), who attended Surgical Casualty Reception in Rojh-halat Emergency Hospital. A questionnaire was used to collect patients’ database and relevant information. The wound configuration was divided as laceration, abrasion and contusion as well as the site of facial soft tissue injuries were recorded using the modified MCFONTZL system. Results: A total of 168 patients with facial soft tissue injuries were received and managed at Surgical Casualty Reception in Rojh-halat Emergency Hospital. The age of the patients were ranged from 1-80 years old. Most of the patients were within the age range of 1-10. Male patients constitute 62.5% of the cases. The most common etiology of facial soft tissue injury was falls. Regarding type of the injury, laceration was the most common type. The lips and chin region were mostly involved. Conclusion: Fall is the most common cause of facial injury. Lower third of the face is mostly involved. road traffic legislations have a role in decreasing road traffic accidents.

Keywords

face --- soft tissue --- injury

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