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Article
Oral health status among children Downs syndrome in Sumawa city, Iraq

Author: Raya R. Al-Dafaai ريا الدفاعي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 127-130
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Down syndrome is a congenital autosomal anomaly characterized by generalized growth and mentaldeficiency.This study was conducted to determine the oral health status of children with Down syndrome attendingspecial institute for mental retardation in Sumawa city at south region of Iraq in comparison with non syndromicchildren.Materials and methods: In the present study (35) children with Down syndrome (25 boys, 10 girls) were examined in Alrajaainstitute of Sumawa city in the south region of Iraq for mentally retarded children. The same number of children,matching the age and the gender of syndromic children, were chosen from school students in the samegeographical area. Caries severity, plaque, gingival and calculus indices were used for recording oral health status.Results: This study revealed higher dmfs mean value among syndromic children at age (10-12) years old and higherdecayed surfaces of primary teeth at same age group with statistical significant differences. This study also showedhigher mean values of plaque and gingival index among children with Down syndrome than normal children withhighly significant differences.Conclusion:It can be concluded from this study that children with Down syndrome have poorer oral health thancontrols. They would benefit from frequent oral health assessment


Article
Effect of chemotherapy on oral health status and salivary alkaline phosphatase among leukemic patients

Authors: Nadia A. Al-Rawi نادية الراوي --- Raya R. Al-Dafaai ريا الدفاعي --- Mohamad Sammi محمد سامي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 137-139
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Leukemia is a broad term given to a group of malignant diseases characterized by diffusereplacement of bone marrow with proliferating leukocyte precursors. Chemotherapy has been increasingly used totreat malignant conditions. The systemic sequelae as a result of these immunosuppressive techniques induce manyoral and dental complications. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of chemotherapy on oral healthstatus and activity of salivary alkaline phosphates enzyme in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia.Materials and methods: The study groups included 28 patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia; they were underchemotherapy, aged 20-25 year old. The control group includes healthy subjects matching with study group. Plaque,gingival, calculus and loss of attachment status were recorded. After oral examination, stimulated saliva sampleswere collected from the subjects (study & control groups) and performed under standard condition followinginstruction and chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary alkaline phosphates enzyme.Results The study showed higher mean values of plaque index, gingival index, attachment loss and concentration ofsalivary alkaline phosphates enzyme among leukemic group than control group with statistically high significantdifferences.Conclusions: It was concluded that patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia have poor oral hygiene and needintense oral hygiene program before, during and after chemotherapy


Article
The effect of black seed oil extracts on mutans streptococci in comparison to chlorhexidine gluconate (in vitro)

Authors: Baydaa H. Abd-Awn بيداء عبد عون --- Zainab A. Al-Dhaher زينب الظاهر --- Raya R. Al-Dafaai ريا الدفاعي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 126-131
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The black seed or Nigella sativa has been used for centuries to promote health and fight disease. Thisplant has a great focus for research due to its antibacterial, antifungal, anti-tumor, and hypotensive effects. Thisstudy was conducted to assess the effect of the black seed oil extract on sensitivity of mutans streptococci and theadherence to tooth surface in comparison to chlorhexidine gluconate in vitro.Materials and methods: Four different concentrations of black seed oil extract (1%, 5%, 10%, and 20%) were preparedusing ethanol as a solvent for the evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of the black seed oil extract against mutansstreptococci isolated from saliva of volunteers and compared with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate using agar diffusiontest, followed by determination of the Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) of the black seed oil extract.Three concentrations (1%, 5%, and 10%) were used in the adherence study whereby a stainless steel wires werethreaded from one end in the roots of previously cleaned, polished and sterilized first premolars, which were thenimmersed in 10 ml of the agent for 2 minutes, followed by washing with sterilized deionized water. The teeth werethen immersed in 10ml Brain Heart Infusion Broth and inoculated with 2% of bacterial isolates and incubatedaerobically at 370C for seven days. A positive score was given to the microbial growth on wire, teeth and bottleindicating a non-effective treatment and vice versa.Results The study showed inhibition zones for black seed oil extract which were found to be increased as theconcentration of the extract increased. The MBC of the black seed oil extract against mutans streptococci was 10%.The results also showed that the oil extract was effective in inhibiting the adherence of mutans streptococci to toothsurface at a concentration of 10%.Conclusion: The black seed oil extract has a bactericidal effect against mutans streptococci at a concentration of10%, and can inhibit the adherence of these microorganisms to tooth surface


Article
Prevalence of myofascial pain in students of selected secondary schools in Baghdad city

Authors: Toka T. Alnesary --- Rafil H. Rasheed رافل رشيد --- Raja H. AL-Jubouri رجاء الجبوري --- Raya R. Al-Dafaai ريا الدفاعي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 2 Pages: 84-87
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Myofascial face pain (MFP) is painful disorder of masticatory muscles thought to be the most commontype of temporomandibular disorder (TMD).This study was done to evaluate the prevalence of MFP in students ofsecondary schools of Baghdad cityMaterials and methods: The sample comprised 242 females' students and 222 males' students of secondary schools,aged 17-18 years. The MFP evaluated according to the specific screening questionnaire of research diagnosticcriteria of temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD) axis I with clinical examination.Results: the study revealed that (50.8%) of the students had history of pain where females reported higherpercentage than males with statistical significant difference. The history of pain in muscles of mastication was higherthan joint pain in both genders. After clinical examination this study also showed that (25.4%) of students with historyof pain had MFP. The differences between both genders regarding the diagnosis of MFP were higher in females thanmales but statistically not significant.Conclusion: high percentage of students reported a history of pain which could be attributed to MFP in (25.4%) ofthe students. The prevalence of pain history and MFP was higher in females’ than males

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