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Article
Radiation protection evaluation from radio diagnostic departments in Erbil hospitals
تقييم الحماية من الإشعاع من أقسام التشخيص الشعاعي في مستشفيات أربيل

Authors: Sameeah Abdulrahman Rashid --- Runak Taher Ali --- Saeed Nadhim Younis
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2014 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 625-631
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Radiation is used in some aspects of medicine, researches and in industries. These radiation applications are useful to society. However radiation can also have detrimental effects. It was important to establish rules and resolutions governing these uses to balance the positive against the negative effects. Dose limits have been established for groups who use radiation in their work as well as for population at large. The rules used in most countries have been worked out by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiation protective measures in different diagnostic radiological departments in Erbil hospitals.Methods: Data on the number of diagnostic procedures using x-ray examinations in five hospitals were collected. The palm RAD 907 Nuclear Radiation Meter and Contamination Monitor CoMo 170 were used to measure radiation leakage. Questionnaire was also used to elicit information from the most senior personnel of the hospital.Results: The finding showed that the facilities for safety were grossly inadequate and the dose rates of 16.4μSv/hr and 20μSv/hr were recorded at places for paramedics and technician room respectively. Dose rate in front of window of the monitor room was 113μSv/hr and in the reception was 20μSv/hr indicating higher health risk to the paramedic, visitors and personnel at the hospital.Conclusion: Radiation protection facilities in the radiological departments of Erbil hospitals are in general poor including both public & private sectors indicating high health risk to the paramedics, visitors and personnel at the hospitals.


Article
Visual Acuity as a Function of Age and Sex
العمـر والجنـس وتأثيره علــى حــدة الإبصــار

Authors: Eman Abdul Al Malik Al Hilo --- Ahmed Jumah Mhaws --- Runak Taher Ali
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2009 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: 176-185
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

A total of (607) normal subjects (289 males& 318 females ) where tested for visual acuity by using Snellen charts. The subjects are divided into five age groups at (10) years intervals. They showed a marked decreasing in a percent visual acuity of right and left eye with advancing age for both sexes. The decreasing began obvious at E-chart line (6/12) especially at old age groups (40-49) and (50-59) years. Statistical analysis by using chi tests showed no significant difference in the percent visual acuity between right and left eyes and between males and females in all E-chart line for all age groups. Also it appears no significant difference between age groups [(10-19) & (20-29)], [(10-19) & (30-39)], [(30-39) & (40-49)] & [(20-29) & (30-39)] years for all E-chart line for both sexes, but a significant difference has been found between age groups [(10-19) & (40-49)] ,[(20-29) & (40-49)],[(10-19) & (50-59)] ,[(20-29) & (50-59)], [(30-39) & (50-59)] & [(40-49) & (50-59)] years for different E-chart line for right & left eye and for both sexes.

تم تحديد الإبصار لـ (607) شخص لكلا الجنسين (289 ذكور, 318 إناث) باستخدام اختبار سنيل نوع ( E-chart ) لفحص حدة البصر. قسمت العينة إلى خمسة مجاميع (10-19), (20-29), (30-39 ), ( 40-49), (50-59) سـنة. أظهرت النتائج حصول انخفاض في حدة البصر لكلا من العين اليمنى واليسرى بتقدم العمر ولكلا الجنسين. الانخفاض يظهر بصورة واضحة عند خط الفحص (6/12 ) فما دون وخصوصا عند مجاميع الأعمار الكبيرة ( 40-49) و ( 50-59 ) سنة. اظهر التحليل الإحصائي باستخدام (اختبار كاي) عدم وجود فرو قات معنوية في النسبة المئوية لحدة الإبصار مابين العين اليمنى واليسرى وكذلك مابين الإناث والذكور ولجميع خطوط اختبار سنيل ولكافة مجاميع الأعمــــار. أيضا لم تظهــــر فرو قــــات معنويــــــــة في النســبـة المئويــــــــة لحـــــــدة الإبصــــــــار مـابيـن مجامـــيع الأعمـار ](10-19)&(20-29) [، ](10-19)&(30-39)[, ](30-39)&(40-49)[,](20-29)&(30-39)[ سنة ولكافة خطوط اختبار سنيل ولكل من العين اليمنى واليسرى واليمنى ولكلا الجنسين. أما الفرو قات المعنوية في حدة الإبصار فظهرت في مجاميع الأعمار](10-19)&(40-49)[,](20-29)&(40-49)[,] (10-19)&(50-59)[ ,](20-29)&(50-59)[, ](30-39)& (50-59)[,](40-49)&(50-59)[ لخطوط متباينة من اختبار سنيل و لكل من العين اليمنى واليسرى ولكلا الجنسين.

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