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Article
Mandibular Notch Configuration in Iraqi Adults

Author: Saad A. Mohammad سعد احمد حمد
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2013 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 175-178
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The shape of the mandibular notch (mandibular incisure) of both sides of 100 fresh macerated and dry adult human mandibles divided between 58 males and 42 females of Iraqi origin with their age ranges (23-52) years that had been studied in order to classify the variations in the shapes of mandibular incisure.Three types were evident: type I triangular shape, type II rounded shape and type III truncated quadrilateral shape. The triangular shape mandibular notch were found in 92 (46%) sides and truncated quadrilateral shape in 40 (20%) sides, they are mainly prevalent in male, while the rounded shape was founded in 68 (34%) sides mainly prevalent in female.Minor differences appeared on both sides founded in 28 sides but keep the general shape. The incidence of the rounded types was almost in female mandible while triangular &truncated shapes were faced mainly in the male mandibles.


Article
Incidence of Injuries to Major Blood Vessels in the Lower Limb

Authors: Saad A Mohammad سعد محمود --- Mohammad A Abd-alla محمد عبد الله
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2009 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 72-77
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Blood vessels injury is one of the most common causes of medical emergencies that admitted to hospitals and at the same time it regarded as one of the most important causes of death. They may represent less than 15% of all injuries; they deserve special attention because of their severe complications.Objective: The aim of the present study is to assess anatomically the injures of major arteries and veins in the lower limb with their management.Methods: The present study extended from April 2006 to February 2007, in which 65 patients with lower limb vascular injury were examined in Emergency Department and Forensic Medicine Department of Tikrit Teaching Hospital in Salah-Aldin governorate. Diagnosis was made by clinical diagnosis alone, or in combination with angiography. Some surgical interferences as vascular repair was carried out, but if not possible the interposition graft was used by great saphenous vein for vascular reconstruction.Results: The total cases were 65 patients (49 males and 16 females), ranging from 16 years to 67 years with a mean age of 41.5±6.4 years. Penetrating trauma was the main cause of injury for 52 patients. Seventeen cases had bilateral limbs vascular injuries. Arterial injuries were most common in the femoral arteries, followed by the tibial and finally the popliteal arteries. Vascular repair were performed in 16 cases, while in 11 cases great saphenous vein interposition graft were done. There were 17 cases associated with venous injury, of which 11 cases had surgical vascular repair, and 6 had vein graft interposition. There were concomitant femur fractures in 2 cases, fibula fractured in 3, tibia fractured in 1 and the foot bones fractured in 3.Conclusion: Lower limb vascular injured patient should be transferred to vascular surgery centers as soon as possible. After first aid management, anticoagulant treatment may be started post operatively to prevent the propagation of the thrombosis. Early fasciotomy is done if there is any suspicion of occurrence of compartment syndrome.


Article
The frequency of ossification of the sacrococcygeal joint in Iraqis
تردد من التحجر المفصل العجزي العصعصي في العراقيين

Authors: Mohammad A. Abd-alla سعد علي محمد، محمد احمد عبدالله --- Saad A .Mohammad
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2007 Volume: 1 Issue: 131 Pages: 95-98
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Sacrococcygeal joint fusion incidence has been studied at Forensic Medicine Department of Tikrit Teaching Hospital in Salah-Aldin governorate, One hundred body of equal number from males & females had been dissected as autopsy, sacrococcygeal joints were explored, freed from soft tissues, fusion of joints (ossification) was more prevalence in males (68%) than females (48%).and the incidence was high in aged than young people

وقد تمت دراسة العجزية العصعصية حدوث انصهار مشترك في ادارة الطب الشرعي من مستشفى تكريت في صلاح الدين محافظة، مائة جثة من عدد متساو من الذكور والإناث قد تم تشريح وتشريح الجثة، استكشاف المفاصل العجزية العصعصية، التي تحررت من الأنسجة الرخوة، والانصهار في المفاصل (التحجر) وكان أكثر انتشار في الذكور (68٪) من الإناث (48٪). والإصابة كانت مرتفعة في الفئة العمرية من الشباب

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