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Article
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Students in University of Kerbala

Author: Saad I. Al-Ghabban
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 205-218
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Overweight and obesity are major public health problems because of their impact on co-morbidity they are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases. Recent data worldwide show an absolute increase in the prevalence of obesity in recent yearsObjective: To study the prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesityamong college students of University of Kerbala in Holy Kerbala, Iraq.Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study started from 1st March 2010 – 26th April 2010, a total of 463 students (219 male and 244 female) between 18 and 32 years of age (mean 21.28 ± 1.91 year) were selected randomly from the 11 colleges of the university. A questionnaire was distributed to each subject; Age, gender, dietary habits, sport activity, family history of obesity; number of households, monthly family income, were considered, weight, height, waist circumference; were measured, and BMI was calculated and used to assess weight status. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 16.0, P-value greater than 0.05 was considered as statistically insignificant.Results: The mean BMI was 23.58 ± 3.78 kg/m²; about two thirds (65.9%) of the students were of normal weight (60.7% of the male students and 70.5% of the female students); whereas the prevalence of overweight and that of obesity among them was 22.9% and 5.6% respectively. The prevalence of overweight was more common among male students compared to females (27.4% vs. 18.9% respectively), while the prevalence of underweight and obesity were not significantly different between them (5.6% vs. 5.3% respectively for both variables). Depending on their waist circumference, 4.6% of the males and 20.9% of the females were at higher risk of developing obesity comorbidities. There was a significantly higher mean BMI (t=4.905) and waist circumference (t= 3.825) within students with family history of obesity; (P<0.001 for both variables).Male students who reported that they used to practice regular sport activity had significantly lower body mass index and waist circumference.Conclusions: This study supports the fact that obesity is a multifactorial problem; it shows that male gender and family history of obesity are risk factors, while regular sport activity is a protective factor.

خلفية البحث:.زيادة الوزن والسمنةِ مشكلتان من مشاكلَ الصحة العامةِ الرئيسيةِ بسبب تأثيرِهما على الامراض المصاحبة،وهما من عوامل الخطرِ الرئيسيةِ لعدد مِنْ الأمراضِ المُزمنةِ. أظهرت البياناتُ الحديثة زيادةُ مُطلقةُ حول العالم في إنتشارِ السمنةِ في السَنَوات الأخيرة.الهدف: دِراسَة معدل الإنتشارِ والعواملِ إلمرتبطاة بزيادة الوزنِ والسمنةِ بين طلبةِ كليات جامعةِ كربلاء في كربلاء المقدسةفي العراق.اشخاص وطريقة الدراسة: ابتدأت هذه الدراسة المقطعية مِنْ 1 آذارِ ولغاية 26 نيسان 2010، تم دراسة مجموعه مؤلفة من 463 طالب و طالبة (219 و 244 على التوالي) بعمر 18- 32 سنةً (بمعدل21.28 ±1.91 سَنَةً) إختيرواَ بشكل عشوائي مِنْ 11 مِنْ كُليّاتِ الجامعةِ. شملت استمارة الاستبيان معلوملت عن العُمر، الجنس، العادات الغذائية، ممارسة الرياضةِ بشكل منتظم، التأريخ العائلي عِنْ السمنةِ؛ عدد افراد العائلةِ، الدخل العائلي الشهريً، تم قياس الوزن، الطول، محيط الخصر؛ ودليل كتلةِ الجسم ُ لتَقييم حالة الوزنِ. تم تحليل البيانات بإستعمال الرزمةِ الإحصائيةِ للعلومِ الإجتماعية (إس بي إس إس) النسخة 16. اعتبرت قيمة P اعلى مِنْ 0.05 غيرمعنوية احصائيا.النتائج: كان معدل كتلة الجسم للطلبة 23.58 ±3.78 كغم/م 2 وكان مايقرب من ثلثيهم (65.9%) مِنْ ذوي الوزنِ الطبيعيِ (60.7% من الطلابَ و70.5% من الطالبات)؛ بينما معدل إنتشار زيادة الوزنِ والسمنةِ بينهم كَان 22.9% و5.6% على التوالي. كان معدل إنتشار زيادة الوزنِ َ أكثر شيوعاً بين الطلابِ مقَارنَة إلى الطالبات (27.4% مقابل 18.9% على التوالي)، بينما لم بكن معدل إنتشار قلة الوزنِ والسمنةِ مختلفَاًً بينهم (5.6% مقابل 5.3% على التوالي لكلاا المتغيّرين). إعتِمادا على محيط الخصر كان 4.6% من الذكورِ و20.9% من الإناث اكثر عرضة لخطرِ الاصابة بالامراض المصاحبة للسمنةِ. كان معدل دليلكتلةِالجسم ومحيط الخصر أعلى لدى الطلبة من ذوي التأريخِ العائلي ِللسمنةِ (P <0.001) لكلا المتغيّرين). .وكان الطلاب الذين ذَكروا بأنّهم كَانوا يمارسون نشاطُا رياضيا منتظمِاُ ذوي دليل كتلةِ الجسم أوطأ.الاستنتاجات: تَدْعمُ هذه الدراسةِ حقيقة ان السمنةِ مشكلة متعددة العاملية. واظهرت ُ بأنّ الجنسِ الذكوريِ والتأريخِ العائليِ للسمنةِ من عواملَ الخطرِ، بينما ممارسة النشاط الرياضي المنتظمِ عاملُ وقائيُ.


Article
Risk Factors and Pattern of Injuries in Motorcycle Accidents in Holy Karbala

Authors: Mustafa Waleed --- Mahdi.Abdul-Sahib --- Saad I. Al-Ghabban*,
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2013 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 1552-1560
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Background: Worldwide, the morbidity and mortality among motorcyclists involved in roadtraffic accidents is high. In Iraq, since 2003, there have been an increasing number ofmotorcycles in the streets; this phenomenon was particularly noticed in the Province of HolyKarbala.Objective: To shed light on the risk factors and pattern of injuries in motorcycle accidents inHoly Karbala.Design: Hospital-based cross-sectional, study.Setting: Al-Husain teaching hospital in Holy Karbala in Iraq, from 7th November 2010 to17th February 2011.Patients and Methods: This study involved all injured motorcyclists involved in road trafficaccidents who were admitted to the emergency department and their mortalities which werereferred to the medico-legal department (N=456). The information collected includedpersonal identification data, the person’s position on the motorcycle during the event, inaddition, the type and site of injury and the outcome of the victims were reported.Results: The mean age (± standard deviation) of the subjects was (24 ± 10.12 years); Morethan one quarter (25.7%) of the injured motorcyclists (26.1% of drivers and 22.7% of pillionpassengers) were within 15-19 years of age. Most of the drivers (61.7%) had low level ofeducation; 53.9% were smokers, 2.9% were alcoholics and 32.7% had history of previousaccidents of whom 35 (11.5% of them) had more than one accident. The lower limb was thecommonest site of injury (61.8% of patients); the upper limb and the head were the secondand third leading site of injury (26.1 % and 23.7% respectively). About half of the patients(49.8%) complained of fractures. More than quarter of the cases (25.6%) needed admission tothe wards or the intensive care unit. The case fatality rate was found to be 5%.Conclusions: Teenagers motorcycle drivers are the most commonly affected category inmotorcycle accidents. Lower limb injuries represent the commonest site and fracturesrepresent the commonest form of injury among motorcyclists involved in road trafficaccidents. A considerable proportion of cases need inpatient medical care. Head injuries werethe predominant cause of deaths

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