research centers


Search results: Found 5

Listing 1 - 5 of 5
Sort by

Article
CT Evaluation of Patients with Hemoptysis and Normal Chest Radiograph
التصوير المقطعي للمرضى الذين يعانون من نفث الدم والأشعة السينية العادية

Author: Saeed Nadhim Younis
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 3 Pages: 44-49
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objectives: to study the diagnostic accuracy of Computed Tomography in evaluation of various etiologies of hemoptysis with normal chest radiographs.Methods: Two hundred patients with hemoptysis and normal chest radiograph were evaluated with computed tomography from the period of December 2008 to October 2009. The patients were categorized according to the primary etiology and severity of hemoptysis.Results: of the 200 patients with hemoptysis included in this study, 121 males and79 females. Majority of patients had mild hemoptysis and pulmonary tuberculosis was the leading cause of hemoptysis( 73.3% .). CT showed diagnostic accuracy of 75%.Conclusion: computed chest tomography plays an important role in assessing patients with hemoptysis.

Keywords

CT --- hemoptysis


Article
The Accuracy of Preoperative Imaging in The Detection of Gallbladder Carcinoma
دقة تشخيص سرطان المرارة قبل العملية بالاعتماد على التشخيص الشعاعي الفحص بالموجات فوق الصوتية و المفراس الحلزوني

Author: Saeed Nadhim Younis سعيد ناظم يونس
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 30-36
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Introduction: Primary carcinoma of the gallbladder is an uncommon, aggressive malignancy that affects women more frequently than men. Older age groups are most often affected, and coexisting gallstones are present in the vast majority of cases. The symptoms at presentation are vague and are most often related to adjacent organ invasion, and the radiologic findings in early-stage cancers are subtle and may mimic those of acute or chronic cholecystitis and many gallbladder carcinomas are diagnosed in an advanced stage ,therefore, despite advances in cross-sectional imaging, early-stage tumors are not often encountered. Objectives: To determine the utility of ultrasound and multidetector CT imaging in the surgical management of gallbladder carcinoma. It provides a road map for surgical procedures to be taken.Materials and Methods: The data from 40 patients with histologically proven adeno carcinoma of gallbladder from the period of March 2006 to December 2010 analyzed, in a prospective study done in Rizgari teaching Hospital and Soran Diagnostic center Results: Preoperative detection rate of both ultrasound and CT scan was 60% and the diagnostic accordance rate before and after operation was low in early stages T 1 & 2 (23.5%) versus (86.9%) in advanced stages T 3 & 4. The female to male ratio was 4:1. The gallstone was closely related to gallbladder carcinoma and was seen in 90% of cases. Conclusion: proper utilization of different imaging modalities is essential for early detection and treatment options of gallbladder carcinoma by using comprehensive imaging techniques like dual Phase multidetector CT coupled with 3D volume rendered reconstruction.

الخلاصة:المقدمة:سرطان المرارة من السرطانات الغير مالوفة و لكنها ذات طبيعة عدوانية تحدث في الاعمار العمرية المتقدمة و تصيب النساء اكثر وتكون مصاحبة لحالات حصاة المرارة في حالات كثيرة. و رغم التطورات في و سائل التشخيص الشعاعي الا ان التشخيص المبكر غير متوقع بسبب الغموض و التشابه في الاعراض السريرية و الشعاعية .الاهداف: لدراسة منفعة التشخيص الشعاعي (الفحص بالامواج فوق الصوتية و المفراس) في تشخيص سرطان المرارة و خارطة طريق للتداخل الجراحي الممكن اجراءوها. طرق البحث : تم تحليل و دراسة البيانات الماخوذة من اربعين مريضا ثبت بالفحص النسيجي اصابتهم بسرطان المرارة.اجريت الدراسة في مستشفى رزكاري التعليمي و مركز سوران التشخيصي للفترة من اذار 2006 و لغاية كانون الاول 2010النتائج: كانت نسبة الدقة في تشخيص سرطان المرارة قبل العملية بالاعتماد على التشخيص الشعاعي (الفحص بالموجات فوق الصوتية و المفراس الحلزوني) 60%. في المراحل البدائية للمرض (المراحل 1 و2) كان التطابق بين التشخيص الشعاعي قبل العملية و نتائج العمليات 5و23% بينما في الحالات المتقدمة ارتفعت هذه النسبة الى 9و86%.نسبة الاناث الى الذكور كانت 1:4شوهدت حصاة المرارة في 90% من الحالات مما يؤكد العلاقة الوطيدة بينهما.الاستنتاج: الاستخدام الامثل لمختلف وسائل التصوير الطبي ضروري لغرض تشخيص سرطان المرارة و تحديد الطريقة الامثل للمعالجة اجراءقبل اجراء العملية الجراحية.

Keywords


Article
MRI findings in primary brain lymphoma in immunocompetent patients
نتائج التصوير بالرنين المغناطيسي في سرطان الغدد الليمفاوية في الدماغ الأولية في المرضى الذين يعانون من نقص المناعة

Authors: Aras Rafeiq Abdullah --- Saeed Nadhim Younis
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2017 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 1765-1771
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: Primary brain lymphoma is an extranodal aggressive intracranial neoplasm of lymphocytic origin originating and confined to the brain parenchyma and meninges. It is rare in immune competent patients, but its incidence is increasing. This retrospective study was conducted to record the MRI features of primary brain lymphoma at the time of diagnosis in immunocompetent patients.Methods: Of the 450 patients diagnosed with the brain tumor during a period of five years from 2008 to 2013, the clinical features and MRI findings of 16 cases of pathologically proven to be non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma were studied. All the patients were tested negative for HIV and there was no history of immune suppression drugs or any other chronic illness. All the patients were examined with MRI observing the tumor location, multifocality, signal intensity in different sequences, enhancement patterns, peritumoral edema, the presence of hemorrhage and calcification.Results: Of the 16 patients, including the monofocal and multifocal cases, 30 lesions exhibited. The mean age at diagnosis was 53 years. Nine patients (56.25%) found to have a multifocal disease. In more than 75% of lesions, MRI was hypo to iso signal on T1 and T2. Mild to moderate perilesional edema, strong contrast enhancement and restricted diffusion were seen in all cases. The hemorrhagic tumor was noticed in four lesions (13.3%). No calcification and no leptomeningeal lesions were noted. The MRI images in post steroid therapy were studied within one month of treatment. Tumour regression was noticed in 21/30 (70%), stable in 3/30 (10%) and progressing in 6/30 (20%). Conclusion: MRI is a reliable imaging technique in the management of patients with primary brain lymphoma. Early accurate diagnosis is crucial to avoid the unnecessary operation and shift patients from extensive surgery to chemoradiotherapy.


Article
Radiation protection evaluation from radio diagnostic departments in Erbil hospitals
تقييم الحماية من الإشعاع من أقسام التشخيص الشعاعي في مستشفيات أربيل

Authors: Sameeah Abdulrahman Rashid --- Runak Taher Ali --- Saeed Nadhim Younis
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2014 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 625-631
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: Radiation is used in some aspects of medicine, researches and in industries. These radiation applications are useful to society. However radiation can also have detrimental effects. It was important to establish rules and resolutions governing these uses to balance the positive against the negative effects. Dose limits have been established for groups who use radiation in their work as well as for population at large. The rules used in most countries have been worked out by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiation protective measures in different diagnostic radiological departments in Erbil hospitals.Methods: Data on the number of diagnostic procedures using x-ray examinations in five hospitals were collected. The palm RAD 907 Nuclear Radiation Meter and Contamination Monitor CoMo 170 were used to measure radiation leakage. Questionnaire was also used to elicit information from the most senior personnel of the hospital.Results: The finding showed that the facilities for safety were grossly inadequate and the dose rates of 16.4μSv/hr and 20μSv/hr were recorded at places for paramedics and technician room respectively. Dose rate in front of window of the monitor room was 113μSv/hr and in the reception was 20μSv/hr indicating higher health risk to the paramedic, visitors and personnel at the hospital.Conclusion: Radiation protection facilities in the radiological departments of Erbil hospitals are in general poor including both public & private sectors indicating high health risk to the paramedics, visitors and personnel at the hospitals.


Article
Validity of ultrasound in detecting benign and malignant ovarian cysts
فائدة الفحص بالأمواج الصوتية في تشخيص أورام المبيض الحميدة والخبيثة والتفريق بينهما

Authors: Saeed Nadhim Younis سعيد ناظم يونس --- Tavga Omar Jaffar تافكة عمر جعفر
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2013 Volume: 39 Issue: 1 Pages: 53-58
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Ovarian tumors are the second most common gynecological malignancy and the fourth most common cancer death in women, which is characterized by few or late symptoms, often called the silent killer. Early detection of ovarian carcinoma could be a formidable challenge and an elusive task.Objectives: To Study sonographic features of benign and malignant ovarian cysts, to find the incidence of benign and malignant ovarian tumours and to determine the accuracy of ultrasound in differentiating benign from malignant ovarian cysts comparing with histopathology results. Patients and methods: This was a cross sectional study. Convenient sample taken from a population consists of 65 women in reproductive age, scheduled for surgery because of ovarian cysts. They underwent preoperative ultrasound examination, done in the Radiology Department of Maternity and Rizgari Teaching Hospitals, Erbil city, North of Iraq. The mean patient age was 30.25 years ranging from 14-46 years.Results: Out of 65 cases, 60 (92.3%) were benign, and 5 cases (7.7%) were malignant. Using sonographic morphological scoring, scores equal or more than 3 was regarded as malignant (the scoring system included wall thickness, shadowing, septa and echogenicity). The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound were 91%, 100% and 90% respectively.Conclusion: Gray scale and Doppler ultrasound yield high diagnostic accuracy in discrimination between benign and malignant cysts. Benign cysts are more common than malignant cysts in female at reproductive age. Mature cystic teratoma (dermoid) is the commonest type of ovarian tumors. Cysts more than 10 cm in maximum diameter, multilocular cysts are more likely to be malignant. The presence of ascites also favors malignancy.Keywords: Ovarian cyst, Doppler ultrasound, pelvic mass.

الخلاصةالخلفية: تعد أورام المبيض ثاني أكثر الأورام النسائية شيوعا وواحدة من الأسباب المهمة المؤدية للوفاة بسبب الأمراض السرطانية النسائية. و نظرا لقلة أو تأخر ظهور الأعراض المرضية فإن التشخيص المبكر ليس بالأمر السهل ويحتاج الى خبرة في العلامات التشخيصية للتفريق بين الحالات المختلفة.الأهداف: للتفريق بين أكياس المبيض الحميدة والخبيثة بواسطة الفحص بالأمواج فوق الصوتية ومعرفة مدى دقة الأمواج فوق الصوتية في هذا المجال.طريقة الدراسة: دراسة مقطعية عرضية العينات أجريت في أقسام الأشعة في مستشفيات النسائية والتوليد وفي مستشفى رزكاري التعليمي في أربيل للفترة من حزيران 2010 الى كانون الاول 2010 . شملت 65 مريضة مجدولة لإجراء عمليات كيس المبيض تراوحت أعمار المريضات بين 14- 46 وكان معدل أعمارهن 30,25 عاما. إستخدم تقرير الفحص النسيجي كمعيار للتشخيص النهائي. النتائج و الخلاصة: أثبت الفحص بالأمواج فوق الصوتية بضمنها الدوبلر دقة عالية في التفريق بين أكياس المبيض الحميدة والخبيثة. كانت دقة وحساسية وخصوصية الفحص بالأمواج فوق الصوتية 91% , 100% , 90% على التوالي.

Listing 1 - 5 of 5
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (5)


Language

English (4)

Arabic and English (1)


Year
From To Submit

2017 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)