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Article
Caries Severity of Primary Teeth among Kindergarten Children in Mosul City Using International Caries Detection and Assessment System

Author: Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 21 Pages: 183-193
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To assess the severity of dental caries and its relation to risk factors such as parents' education, income level, demographic variables, dental attendance….etc using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System on the primary teeth of kindergarten children in Mosul City Center. Materials and Methods: The study sample was randomly selected from (8) kindergarten in Mosul City. The sample size was (219) child (120 males and 99 females), their ages ranged between (3-6) years. Risk factors considered on caries severity included parent's income level, parent's education, visiting the dentist, types of dental treatment performed and brushing behavior. dmft and the percentage of caries free students were also considered. Caries severity was measured using International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Results: These factors have an effect to increase or decrease caries severity either significantly or not significantly. Conclusion: considerable efforts are required in prevention of dental caries in these children. There is a lot of untreated caries, which needs immediate attention.

Keywords


Article
Periodontal health care by people of Humaidat village in Ninevah

Author: Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2003 Volume: 3 Issue: 5 Pages: 44-49
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was a part of a field work carried out by the University of Mosul in Humaidat village which is located at the Tigris river about 25 km to the northern west from Mosul. The size of the sample was 213 individuals; 105 males and 108 females. Their ages were ranged between 10 – 59 years. Clinical dental examination was carried out using plaque index (Pl I), gingival index (GI) and calculus index (CI). Questionnaires were used to assess the level of dental health attitude and behaviour among the individuals. Results showed that a large percent of them do not brush their teeth (46.4%) and do not use interdental cleaning aids (87.3%). Also a large percent of them did not attend a dental treatment previously (45%), and most of dental attendances of the others were for teeth extraction and due to pain. Clinical examination showed that the mean scores for plaque, gingival and calculus indices were high (1.16, 1.22 and 0.54 respectively) and increased by increasing age.


Article
Prevalence of dental caries, dental health attitude and behaviour in Humaidat village, Ninevah, at the entry of 21st century

Authors: Tarik Y Khamrco --- Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 11 Pages: 15-19
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of dental caries in Humaidat village (which is located at Tigris riverabout 25 Km to the Northern West from Mosul City), to determine the level of dental health attitudeand behaviors and to compare the results with the previous study that carried out in the same villagebefore 10 years. Materials and Methods: The size of the sample was 213 individuals, 105 males and108 females. Their ages were ranged between 10–60 years. Clinical dental examination was carried outusing decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index for the permanent teeth. Questionnaires wereused to assess the level of dental health attitude and behaviours among the individuals. Results: Mostof the individuals have poor awareness about their oral health. They were not used to brush their teethregularly; they eat large amount of sweets at different times of the day and a large percent of them hadno willingness to seek for dental treatment. Clinical dental examination indicated the high cariesprevalence among the individuals, which increased by increasing age, and most of the cases weretreated by extraction. Conclusion: The oral and dental health status in the rural areas is far from goodand needs to be reevaluated.


Article
Effect of Some Medicines on Caries of Deciduous Teeth

Authors: Manar M. Mahmoud --- Saher S. Gasgoos
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2017 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 52-61
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background Dental caries in addition known as tooth decay is a breakdown of teeth due to actions of bacteria. The cavities may be a number of dissimilar colors from yellow to black. Symptoms may contain pain and diffculty with eating. Aims To determine the direct effect of the oral medicines which were used for long time by children on the teeth. To reduce the negative effect of these drugs. Material and Methodsthe study used medications that are prescribed for children for long time that administrated only orally to determine the direct effect of these drugs. The study sample included lower deciduous molars, which were obtained from children who required extraction of their mobile molars after taking the agreement of parents. Sample size was (50) freshly extracted, caries-free lower molar of patients aged 10-12 years old. Teeth were divided into fve groups with 10 samples in each group, natural saliva was collected from a number of children and was added to the solution to simulate the oral cavity. The incubation period was 32 days then sectioning the samples and measure the lesion depth by polarized microscope. Results Verapamil produced maximum lesion depth in enamel while Dexamethasone was associated with minimum lesion depth. Conclusion it is obvious that all test medications affect the enamel of tooth by different degree.

Keywords

deciduous teeth --- enamel --- caries --- medications


Article
Effect of Class II Amalgam and Composite Restorations on Periodontal Health of Posterior Teeth: An in vivo study

Authors: Saher S. Gasgoos --- Sarra A. AL-Sanjary
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2017 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 82-92
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background Periodontal health at the restorative gingival interface continues to represent one of the most diffcult challenges. Unfortunately, they only mimic the physical and morphological aspects of teeth, as they are limited by the absence of the ‘ideal material’ that would provide characteristics similar to the normal tooth structure. Aims To determine the influence of class II amalgam and composite restorative materials on plaque accumulation, gingivitis and periodontal pocket depth. Materials and Methods One hundred patients were included in the study. The age ranged between (21-24) years old. The sample was composed of two groups (50 patients each), with an equal ratio of males and females. The tested restoration types were: amalgam class II (MO) and composite class II (MO) of 2-3 years. The following periodontal parameters: plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI) and pocket depth (PD) in mm were recorded for each restored tooth compared with non-restored tooth on the other side of the mouth as a control. Results The results showed that amalgam induce the higher means of plaque, gingivitis and pocket depth compared with composite. The mean of the three parameters, as compared to control group, were statistically higher in the restored amalgam surfaces (p<0.05). For composite restoration the means of the three parameters were also higher but not in signifcant levels for both plaque index and gingival Index, except for pocket depth of the restored surfaces were signifcantly higher than the controlled surfaces. However, there were no signifcant differences in the ranks of the three mesial indices of patients having amalgam in comparison with those having composite. Conclusion This study suggests that composite restorations did not have a signifcant advantage on periodontal health over amalgam restorations for Class II posterior teeth.


Article
Dental health knowledge, attitude and behavior among first year university students, Mosul.

Authors: May Gh Al–Ajrab --- Karam H Jazrawi --- Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 14 Pages: 138-152
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the level of oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior among first yearuniversity students in Mosul city, to compare this level among different Colleges also between malesand females. Then the obtained results were compared with those of other studies carried out on similarage groups in other countries, to see if there was any significant difference between them. Materialsand Methods: Nine Colleges were randomly selected from Mosul University, from each College afifty random sample was selected to complete the questionnaires in the classroom. The questionnaires’language was in Arabic included a number of questions related to oral health knowledge, attitude andbehavior. Incomplete questionnaires were neglected. The size of the sample was 425 students, 216males and 209 females. Statistical analysis included calculation of frequency, percentage of answers,and chi-square test. Results: Most of the students (93.2%) brushed their teeth and the majority of them(54.8%) engaged in once daily brushing, less than half of them (48.7%) using other means of teethcleansing aids. A large percent of them had no ideas about the causes of dental caries (75.5%), and howto avoid it (76%). Their knowledge was poor regarding the age at which the primary and permanentteeth erupted( 23.8%, 22.8%) and completed (18.6%, 27.3%). More than half of the students (54.6%)had gingival bleeding but they didn’t know the cause of the bleeding (75.1%) and how to avoid it(75.5%). Most of them like eating sweets (82.1%). Small percent (22.4%) knew what is fluoride and itsbenefit in reducing dental caries (17.9%). Regarding sex differences, females’ answers were in generalbetter than those for males. Conclusion: College students seemed to have appropriate knowledge andbehavior on some oral health topics but these were limited on the others. Health education needs to bedone at universities for enhancing their knowledge attitude and behaviors

Keywords

Knowledge --- attitude --- behavior --- students.


Article
Dental caries risk indicators by using International Caries Detection and Assessment System in Mosul City.

Authors: Aisha A Qasim --- Saher S Gasgoos --- Faraed D Salman
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 21 Pages: 113-123
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the effect of risk factors such as income level, socioeconomic status, parents education, brushing behavior , dental attendance, type of treatment performed and others on dental ca-ries severity of permanent teeth. Materials and Methods: Sample size was (531) students (260 males and 271 females) who were selected randomly from (10) primary and intermediate schools in Mosul City, their ages were ranged between (6-16) years. Risk factors considered on caries severity included parent's income level, parent's education, visiting the dentist, types of dental treatment performed and brushing behavior. Distribution of dental caries on each side of the mouth, DMFT and the percentage of caries free students were also considered. Caries severity was measured using International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Results: These factors have an effect to increase or decrease caries severity either significantly or not significantly. Conclusion: These risk factors should be kept in mind when we decide to reduce caries severity.

Keywords


Article
Evaluation of Dental Caries Prevalence among Children in Mosul City Center Using Significant Caries Index

Authors: Karam H Jazrawi --- Ghada D Al-Sayagh --- Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 23 Pages: 191-197
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims of the study: To evaluate the prevalence of dental caries among children aged 9-10 years in Mo-sul City Center and to compare between traditional index and significant caries index of these students. Materials and Methods: The study sample was obtained from third and fourth class students from eight randomly selected primary schools in Mosul City Center. Sample size was 363 students, 225 fe-males and 138 males. Students' ages were 9 and 10 years. All primary and permanent teeth were ex-amined for the presence of decay, missing or filling teeth/surfaces. Mean DMFT, DMFS, dmft and dmfs were calculated for the students together and separately for each sex. The mean Significant Caries Index (SiC) was also calculated as the mean DMFT and DMFS of the one third of the students with the highest caries scores. Results: The SiC index was significantly higher in all comparisons with tradi-tional DMF index (p < 0.000). A comparison between the two indices indicated that there is a large children subgroup presented with a high caries rate. Conclusions: The mean DMF values did not accu-rately reflect the skewed distribution of dental caries leading to incorrect conclusions that the caries rate of the statewide population is under control. It is better to use SiC index instead of the traditional index.


Article
The effect of dental educational level in adults (18–25 years old) with crowded teeth on the plaque and gingival conditions

Authors: Ne’am R Al–Saleem --- Saher S Gasgoos --- Saad S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 10 Pages: 127-131
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationbetween crowding, plaque and gingival conditions accordingto the level of dental education of the Iraqi adults.The sample was divided primarily into two groups: Thefirst group was collected from dental students whom dentallywell educated, while the second group was collected fromother population whom dentally non educated (industrialist).Each group was subdivided into two groups according to thepresence or absence of crowding, so that four groups wereobtained (educated participants with non crowded teeth, educatedpersons with crowded teeth, non educated participantswith non crowded teeth and non educated participants withcrowded teeth).The results of this study indicated that the dental educationallevel is positively affecting on the gingival health in bothcrowded and normal occlusion. However, regardless of thelevel of education, plaque accumulation and gingivitis are significantlyhigher in the crowded teeth sample.

Keywords

Crowding --- gingivitis --- plaque --- socioeconomics

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