research centers


Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by

Article
Assessment of Alkaline Phosphatase, Salivary Flow Rate and Salivary Potential of Hydrogen in Relation to Severity of Chronic Periodontitis

Authors: Saif S. Saliem سيف سهام سليم --- Hussein A. Mousa حسين موسى
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 3 Pages: 126-131
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: The cells of periodontium contain many intracellular enzymes like (alkaline phosphatase ALP) that arereleased outside into the saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) after destruction of periodontal tissue. The aim ofstudy was to determine the activity of this enzyme in saliva and its relation to the salivary flow rate, PH and clinicalperiodontal parameters in patients with chronic periodontitis.Subject, Materials and methods: Sample population consist of 75 individuals ;divided into four groups , the first group(15):control subject, the second group (20):mild chronic periodontitis, the third group(20) moderate chronicperiodontitis and the fourth group (20) sever chronic periodontitis, Measurements of plaque index (PLI), gingival index(GI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL), only male wereincluded and saliva was collected from them and subjected to biochemical analysis of the alkaline phosphataseenzyme (ALP), and also measurement of salivary flow rate(FR) and PH.Results: Statistical analysis of the results revealed the presence of a highly significant difference in the enzymaticactivity between healthy and chronic periodontitis subjects (mild, moderate, severe) with positive correlationbetween the activity of this enzyme and the clinical periodontal parameters, and negative correlation between thisenzyme and Salivary flow rate and pH.Conclusion: From this study it can be concluded that a number of markers show promise as sensitive measures ofdisease and the effectiveness of therapy. At this time enzymes such as alkaline phosphatase ALP, is goodbiochemical markers of screening chronic periodontitis. Also ALP can be used as a monitor for healthy individualsand patients with different periodontal diseases. Furthermore, analysis of saliva may offer a cost effective approachto assessment in controlling progression of chronic periodontitis in large populations


Article
Waterpipe Smoking Effect on Clinical Periodontal Parameters, Salivary Flow Rate and Salivary pH in Chronic ‎Periodontitis Patient

Authors: Saif Mohammed T. Al-Mufti --- Saif S. Saliem سيف سهام سليم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-68
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has become common especially among young people, Waterpipe smoking misconcepted as a safer mean of smoking, so in this study we will highlight the effect of Waterpipe smoking ‎on periodontal and oral health.‎Materials and method. The selected ‎‎‎100 male subjects of 30-40 years, ‎categorized into 4 groups (each group ‎‎25 subject): Waterpipe smoker ‎with ‎healthy periodontium, ‎Waterpipe smoker ‎‎with chronic periodontitis, Non-‎‎smoker ‎with healthy periodontium and Non-smoker ‎with chronic periodontitis. Whole ‎unstimulated ‎saliva was collected. Clinical measurements: plaque ‎index, ‎gingival index, ‎bleeding on probing, salivary flow ‎rate ‎and ‎salivary pH were recorded‎.‎ ‎Results. In the healthy groups: plaque index and salivary pH were ‎higher in smokers than non-smokers but with no ‎significant difference (P>0.05). While gingival index and salivary flow rate were ‎higher in smoker than non-smokers and with significant ‎difference (p<0.05). In the chronic periodontitis groups: plaque index, gingival index and salivary flow rate ‎were higher in the non-smokers than smokers and with ‎significant difference (p<0.05). While salivary pH was ‎higher in the non-smokers than smokers but with no ‎significant difference (P>0.05). Correlation between ‎weekly smoking hours with pH and salivary flow rate, in the ‎smoker healthy groups, showed ‎significant negative correlation, while plaque index showed ‎significant positive correlation at (p<0.05). But in the smokers with chronic periodontitis, only gingival index ‎significantly correlated with weekly smoking hours. Conclusion. Waterpipe smoking has a detrimental effect on the periodontium and overall oral health

Keywords

Waterpipe --- smoker --- gingivitis --- saliva


Article
Relation of Gonial Angle Index to osteoporosis and age using CBCT in female subjects

Authors: Raya M. Al Bayati --- Saif S. Saliem سيف سهام سليم --- Lamia H. Al Nakib لمياء حامد النقيب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 41-46
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

background: osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease that affects women more than men, it is characterized by generalizes reduction of bone mineral density (BMD) leaving a fragile weak bone that is liable to fracture, gonial angle index (GAI) is one of the radio-morphometric indices, it has been controversial whether it is related to bone mineral density or ageing or none of them. The aim of study is to evaluate the role of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as a screening tool for diagnosis of osteoporosis and age effect in females using gonial angle index.Material and method: 60 females were divided into 3 groups according to age and (BMD) status into: Group1 (non-osteoporosis 20-30 years), Group2 (non-osteoporosis 50years and above), and Group3 (osteoporosis 50years and above), each patient had a CBCT scan, and gonial angle index was measured compared among groups.Results: Gonial angle index showed a significant difference between Group1 and Group2 at p < 0.05, while it showed no significant difference between Group2 and Group3 at p > 0.05.Conclusion: Gonial angle index is significantly affected by age factor while it was not affected by osteoporosis, so it cannot be used as a parameter that can predict bone mineral density status patients

Keywords

osteoporosis --- CBCT --- GAI

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (3)


Language

English (3)


Year
From To Submit

2018 (2)

2016 (1)