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Article
Effect of an educational program on nurses' knowledge and practices toward Hepatitis B virus in emergency hospitals in Erbil City
تأثير برنامج تعليمي على معرفة وممارسات الممرضات تجاه فيروس التهاب الكبد B في مستشفيات الطوارئ في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Zhian Abdulla --- Salih A. Abdulla
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2014 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 618-624
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Nurses have major role in prevention and management of hepatitis B. Aim of the study was to find out the effect of an educational program on nurse' knowledge and practices concerning hepatitis B virus.Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in emergency hospitals, Erbil city, Iraq from 15th of January to 15th of June 2012 involving 50 nurses. Assessment of the knowledge and practices of nurses was carried out by using a questionnaire developed by the researchers. An educational program was designed, constructed and oriented in order to improve the nurses' knowledge and practices towards hepatitis B virus. Post-test was carried out after the educational program using the same (pre program) questionnaire.Results: The mean (±SD) score of pre test knowledge was 6.96±1.6, while the mean (±SD) score of post test knowledge was 8.4±1.5 (P<0.001). The educational program has significant effects on nurses' knowledge about main function of liver (P<0.001), complications of renal failure (P=0.002), and avoiding sharing needles and syringes (P=0.013). The post test means (±SD) scores for practices (47±2.46) were significantly higher than the pre-test mean score (43.7±5.16). The educational program had effects on advising practice of hand washing before and after using gloves (P=0.01), using solution for hand washing (P=0.003), risk of contamination with patients' bloods and fluids (P=0.04), removing of gown and washing hands (P=0.012).Conclusion: The educational program played a significant role in some items which could raise the level of knowledge and practices toward prevention of hepatitis B virus.


Article
Assessment of primary schools' environment in Erbil city
تقييم بيئة المدارس الابتدائية في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Namir Ghanim Al-Tawil --- Badia Mahammad Najib --- Salih A. Abdulla
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 417-421
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Healthy school environment is one of the main determinants of students’ health in order to maximize the benefit from the educational programs. This study was aimed to assess the primary school environment in Erbil city.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 50 primary schools in Erbil city out of 242 schools through the academic year 2010-2011. Data were collected using a questionnaire constructed by the researchers which included general information, area around the school, school environment, class-room and school canteen.Results: Most of the primary schools were located near the main street, nearly all (98%) the streets leading to the schools were paved. In contrast, thirty one (62%) schools had been exposed to a pollution source, mainly noise (54.84%) and garbage (45.16%) pollution. The majority of the schools had standard school fencing, school yard, and garbage container, and only 8 (16%) of them had available/standard school ground. The study showed that nearly half of the schools had appropriate classrooms, lighting, and majority of them had adequate desks, appropriate blackboards and clean classrooms, while ventilation and age appropriate desks were partially available. The amount of chlorine in water was not tested. There is lack of materials in the first aid kits. Canteens were available, but not standard and the working staff did not have the health certificate. Conclusion: School environment in Erbil city is not optimum.

Keywords

Assessment --- School --- Environment --- Erbil


Article
Nurses’ attitude toward the care of dying cases in the cardiac center in Erbil city
موقف الممرضات من رعاية الحالات المميتة في مركز القلب في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Namir G. Al-Tawil --- Vian A. Naqshbandi --- Nazar Ali Sheren --- Salih A. Abdulla
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2014 Volume: 18 Issue: 2 Pages: 763-768
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Nurses play a key role in providing care at the end of life; death is inevitable that affect every human being. Nurses are present at both the beginning and the end of life and play a key role in caring for dying patients. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes of critical care nurses toward care of the dying as well as assessing the relationship between demographical components and attitudes toward care of the dying.Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the cardiac center of Erbil city, Iraqi Kurdistan region, during the period from 2nd February to 4th of March, 2013. A convenience method of sampling was used to collect 40 nurses working in that center. The mean age(±SD) of nurses were 27.87 (±2.92, range=35-24). Each nurse was asked to complete the Frommelt Attitudes toward Care of the Dying Scale (FATCOD) and demographics questionnaire designed and copyrighted by Katherine Frommlet in 1988.Results: The study indicated that there was positive attitude among study samples. Results showed that no significant relationship between attitudes score with gender, nurse education, and duration of service, while there was significant association between high attitudes score with older ages (P = 0.003).Conclusion: The nurse's attitudes toward dealing with dying cases were positive in the majority of related items, and there were no associations between gender, duration of experience, and level of education and their attitude, while it was found a significant association between ages and attitudes towards care of the dying.

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