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Knowledge transfer and exchange among academic researchers of Hawler Medical University
نقل المعرفة والتبادل بين الباحثين الأكاديميين في جامعة هولير الطبية

Authors: Namir G. Al-Tawil --- Sherzad Shabu
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 377-384
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Knowledge transfer and exchange is a dynamic and complex process which comprises the creation of knowledge and its application to improve health, provide more effective health services and products, and will strengthen the overall healthcare system. This study aimed to understand the current context of knowledge transfer and exchange and identify the main barriers and facilitators for enhancing that from the perspective of university academics.Methods: This cross-sectional survey was carried out between February to September 2015 on 160 academic researchers of the four colleges of Hawler Medical University; Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Nursing. A self-administered questionnaire was used for this purpose. Likert scale was used to rate participants answers and SPSS for assessing the level of association between different variables.Results: The study revealed that the mean ± standard deviation time academic researchers used for conducting different activities of knowledge transfer and exchange was 9.39 ± 14.08 and that around 43% of the participants stated that they use less than 5% of their time for knowledge transfer and exchange activities. There was no significant statistical association between knowledge transfer and exchange percentage time used by academic researchers from one side and research areas and different colleges from another side.Conclusion: There is an obvious shortfall from the side of academic researchers in transferring or exchanging the knowledge they acquire from their health research to their target audience. There is a lack of investment from the side of academic researchers in health policy and system research.


Article
Evidence-based health policymaking in Iraqi Kurdistan: Facilitators and barriers from the perspectives of policymakers and advisors
صنع السياسات الصحية القائمة على الأدلة في كوردستان العراق: الميسرون والحواجز من وجهة نظر صناع السياسات والمستشارين

Authors: Rod Sheaff --- Michael P. Fuller --- Namir G. Al-Tawil --- Sherzad Shabu
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 1075-1083
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Evidence from research is underutilized in policy and practice in the majority of developing countries including Iraq. This aim of this study was to assess the role of research in health policy making in Iraqi Kurdistan context and identify the main barriers and facilitators for enhancing such role. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was carried out between November 2013 and March 2014 in the three governorates of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Erbil, Duhok and Sulaimaniyah. The study participants included 10 key health informants and three health advisors. Two types of combined questionnaires for health policy makers and health advisors were used for data collection.Results: Conferences and seminars were the main sources of scientific evidences identified by health policymakers (80%), followed by consultants (70%). Different jargons/discourse was the main obstacle in consulting researchers (90%), followed by lack of tradition in collaborating (70%). Collection of specialists/advisors, followed by professional associations, scientific committees and international organizations/UN agencies were the main groups identified by health advisors to build bridges between the scientific community and policymakers.Conclusion: Policymakers very rarely consult researchers directly in their decision making. There is poor networking among researchers, policy-makers, practitioners and representatives from civil society which has its negative impact on evidence-based policymaking. There is obviously a lack of any sort of program of funded research that can inform policymaking.

Keywords

Health policy --- Kurdistan region --- Erbil --- Iraq

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