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Article
Views of Alcoholic Patients' about the Concept of Alcohol Addiction in Ibn Rushed Hospital in Baghdad City

Author: Siham A. Hamoo
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 34-39
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Alcohol addiction contributes to a high burden on the society in terms of years that people spend with disability or in poor health because of alcohol-related illnesses or injuries. Aim: To describe the socio-demographic characteristics, assess views of alcoholic patients toward alcoholic addiction, to find out the significant variance of views of alcoholic patients' with regard to their demographic characteristics. Patients and method : descriptive analytic study carried out on a purposive “non probability” sample of (30) patients with alcoholic addiction, selected from in-patient in Ibn Rushed Psychiatric Hospital in Baghdad City, from June 2014 to July 2015. A questionnaire is constructed for the purpose of the present study which is distributed across 2 main parts. Part one included the demographic characteristics of the sample, and part two included knowledge about alcohol addiction. The overall items which were included in the questionnaire of this article are 53 items. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were determined through the review of a panel of experts and the pilot study. Data were collected through the period from 2|8|2014 to 2|9|2014. It was analyzed through the descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, and mean of score) and inferential statistics. Results: 100% of the sample were male. 36.3% of the sample were age range (40-49), and 6.6% were age 50 to over 60. 56.6% were primary school graduate, no one had advanced education. 60% were married, 76.7% were self-employmenT, and 20% of them had sufficient income. 40% had illegal house ownership. 96.6% was smoker, 73.3% had family history of drinking alcohol, and 80% had alcoholic friends. The patients had little knowledge regarding alcohol addiction (mean of scores =1.65), there was significant association between patients' knowledge with regard to their age groups, level of education, marital status, income, house ownership, while there was no significant association regarding occupational status. Conclusion: the study concluded that there was a low level of knowledge concerning alcohol addiction so education programs should be arranged about alcohol addiction to improve views of people knowledge, believes and attitudes towards alcohol addiction.


Article
Impact of Behavioral, Psychological and Social Dimensions upon Juvenile Delinquency
أثـر الأبعـاد السلوكيـة والنفسيـة والاجتماعيـة فـي جنـوح الأحـداث

Authors: Siham A. Hamoo --- Hassan A. Hussein
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2014 Volume: 27 Issue: 2 Pages: 84-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: The present study aims at identifying the dimensions behind juvenile delinquency, and to identify their socio-demographic characteristics of gender, age, and type of delinquency.Methodology: A descriptive study was conducted in correctional schools in Baghdad City to identify the behavioral, psychological, and social dimensions contributed to juvenile delinquency. The study sample consisted of (50) juvenile delinquents, of them, 27 males, and 23 females whose ages range from (12 - 20) years. Those delinquents live in males’ correctional school in Al-Shalichia, and females’ correctional school in Al-Karradah, in Baghdad City. The study sample was selected in purposively. The study questionnaire was designed by researchers in order to achieve the study aims. The questionnaire consisted of four parts; delinquents’ socio-demographic characteristics, their behavioral factors, their psychological factors, and their social factors. This questionnaire consisted of (61) items. Its reliability was determined through a pilot study. Data were collected by using this questionnaire for the period from 10/02/2013 through 17/02/2013. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistical measures of frequency, percentage, and mean.Results: The study results demonstrated that the vast majority of juvenile delinquents are aged 15-17 years, and males were at the age of 14-16 years when they committed the delinquency, most juvenile delinquents were of those who had unable to read and write, the vast majority of delinquents live with their parents.Recommendations: The study recommends to engage each of family, school, and social and psychological agencies in delinquents’ rehabilitation and their integration into the society, there should be a cooperation with the mass media to enlighten all segments of the society about the seriousness and prevalence of juvenile delinquency, its causes and ways to prevent them, updating legislations and rules related juveniles in a way consists with international standards of juveniles’ rights, as delineated by the instructional principles of the United Nations in order to prevent juveniles’ delinquency.

المستخلـص:الأهـداف: تهدف الدراسة الحالية إلـى معرفة الأبعاد التي تقف وراء جنوح الأحـداث كما وتهدف إلـى تحديد خصائصهـم الاجتماعية والديموغرافية للحدث كالجنس، العمر ونوع الجنحة.المنهجيـة: أجريت دراسة وصفية في المدارس الإصلاحية في مدينة بغداد لمعرفة الأبعاد السلوكية والنفسية والاجتماعية لجنوح الأحـداث. شملت عينة البحث على 50 حدث جانح منهم 27 ذكور و 23 إناث وبأعمار تتـراوح ما بيـن 12-20 سنة والذين هم نزلاء في المدرسة الإصلاحية للذكور في الشالجية، ومدرسة إصلاحية الإناث في الكرادة في بغداد، حيث اختيـروا بالطريقة العمدية. صُمّمـت الاستبانـة من قبل الباحثـين لغرض تحقيـق أهـداف الدراسة والتي تكونت من أربعـة أجزاء؛ شملت هذه الأجزاء مجتمعة المعلومات والخصائـص الديموغرافية، العوامل السلوكية للأحدات الجانحين، العوامل النفسية للأحداث الجانحين، والعوامل الاجتماعية للأحداث الجانحين. بلغت عدد فقرات الاستبانة (61) فقرة. كان تحديد ثبات مصداقية الاستبانـة من خلال الدراسة الاستقرائية. كان جمع المعلومات من خلال استعمـال الاستبانـة للمـدّة من 10/2/ 2013 ولغاية 17/2/2013. حللت البيانات من خلال أسلوب التحليل الإحصائى الوصفي والذي شمـل التكرار والنسبة المئوية والوسط الحسابي.النتائج: أشارت نتائج الدراسة إلـى إن الغالبية العظمى من الأحـداث الجانحين هم بعمر 15-17سنة ومن الذكور الذين كانوا بعمر 14-16 سنة عند ارتكابهم الجنحة, اغلب الأحـداث الجانحين هم ممن كان مستواهم التعليمي لا يقرأ ولا يكتب, الغالبية العظمى من الأحـداث الجانحين هم ممن يعيشون مع الوالدين. التوصيات: توصى الدراسة إلـى أشراك كل من الأسرة والمدرسة والمؤسسات الاجتماعية والنفسية في إعادة تأهيل الجانحين ودمجهم في المجتمع, التعاون مع وسائل الأعلام لتبصير كل شرائح المجتمع بخطورة وانتشار ظاهرة جنوح الأحـداث وأسبابها وطرائق الوقاية منها. تحديث التشريعات والقوانين التي تتعامل مع الأحـداث لتتوافق مع المعايير العالمية لحقوق الأحـداث كما نصت عليها مبادئ الأمم المتحدة التوجيهية لمنع جنوح الأحـداث.

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