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Article
Self-esteem of Kurdish women faced domestic violence in Erbil city
احترام الذات للنساء الكورديات اللاتي واجهن العنف المنزلي في مدينة أربيل

Author: Sirwan K. Ali
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 1411-1418
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in studying domestic abuse against women and its impact on self-esteem and coping style. The aim of this study was to make inquiries about types of domestic abuses among a sample of Kurdish women in addition to looking into the level of self-esteem of those who faced domestic violence.Methods: 120 women who were victims of domestic abuse living in Erbil rural and urban surroundings were recruited from July 15th to October 23rd, 2014. Two scale questionnaires were implemented in this study; domestic abuse questionnaire was taken from Iman and Ahmadi and self-esteem questionnaire by Rosenberg. The data were analyzed through the use of the statistical package for the social sciences (version 11). The analysis systems used for the data management procedures were Pearson correlation coefficients, descriptive statistics, frequencies, and One-sample t-test.Results: Physical abuse is the most frequently occurring domestic abuse type among Kurdish women, while the psychological abuse was reported to a lesser extent (mean 24.6167 and 13.2417 respectively). The levels of the study participant's self-esteems were found to be relatively high (mean score 17.64), while there was a positive correlation between self-esteem and psychological abuse detected (person correlation = 0.091) which was not statistically significant at the level of (P = 0.326). Conclusion: Study participants encountered physical domestic abuse more than other types of abuse; still the participant's mean score for their self-esteem is relatively higher than the hypothetical one


Article
Ethics and research
الأخلاق والبحث

Author: Sirwan K Ali
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 165-166
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Article
Assessment of anxiety level among nurses at teaching hospitals in Hawler city

Authors: Sirwan K.Ali --- Mosleh S.Kareem
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 83-88
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground and objectives:Anxiety reflects the psychological and physical states required to deal with an emergency. It is also a normal way of reacting to a number of demanding situations. Anxiety disorder: refers to a group of conditions the affected person experiences persistent anxiety that they cannot dismiss and it interferes with their daily activities the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of anxiety among nurses at teaching hospitals in Erbil city and determine the association between socio-demographic characteristics and anxiety. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted between (26th June -25thAugest 2011) in (4) teaching hospitals in Erbil city. A sample of (160 nurses) were selected to participate in the study, a questionnaire was applied which was composed of two parts (socio-demographic information and Zung anxiety scale).Zung self-rating anxiety scale used which includes 20 questions and each question has 4 responses that are ranked from 0 to 4 and the client selects one response that is more suitable with his emotional state. The final score was classified according to Zung score key as; 20-44 normal range, 45-59 mild to moderate anxiety level, 60-74 marked to severe anxiety level and 75-80 extreme anxiety level.SPSS (version 19) was used to analyze the data.

Keywords

Anxiety --- nurses --- hospital --- Zung rating scale.


Article
Psychology and Personality Types of Infertile and Fertile Women
ألحالة النفسية وأنواع الشخصية لدى النِساءِ العقيماتِ والخصبات

Authors: N. Abedinia --- Abdulqader H. Hamad --- Sirwan K. Ali
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-70
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract Objective(s): To determine the prevalence and predisposing factors of psychology & personality types among infertile and fertile women attending in Complex Imam Khomeini Hospital.Methodology: A total of 150 infertile women from Vali-Asr Reproduction Health Research Center and 150 fertile women from the Gynecology Clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran / Iran were chosen by simple randomization. Data was obtained by using Eysenck personality (EPQ) and structured researcher questionnaires.Results: showed that based on Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ), personality instability was more common among infertile women than fertile women; this relationship was statistically significant (P<0.001). Housewives were at higher risk of developing psychological disorders and personality instability as compared to occupied women. These findings were also statistically significant (P<0.001). Recommendations: Considering the high prevalence of psychological disorders and personality problems among infertile women, it seems that more serious attention is required from gynecologists, psychiatrists and psychologists for treatment of these disorders. The use of psychotherapy, especially supportive methods, should be considered as part of the general therapeutic framework of infertility.

المستخلصالهدف: تحديد مدى انتشارَ العوامل المؤدية للحالة النفسية ونوع الشخصيةَ بين النِساءِ العقيماتِ والخصباتِ اللاتى راجعن مستشفى الإمامِ الخميني.المنهجية: 150 إمرأة عقيمة مِنْ مركزِ بحوث الصحةِ الانجابية ) ظالي العصر) و150 إمرأة خصبات مِنْ عيادةِ الطبّ النسائي في مستشفى الإمامِ خميني في طهران / ايران تم اختيارهن بطريقة عشوائية بسيطة . البيانات تم الحصول عليها بإستعمال اداة (آيزينك) للشخصية واستفتاءاتَ الباحثِ الخاصة.النَتائِج: بينت الدراسة معتمدة على استفتاء (ايزينك) للشخصية ، ظاهرة عدم إستقرار الشخصيةِ كَانَ أكثر شيوعاً بين النِساءِ العقيماتِ مِنْ النِساءِ الخصباتِ؛ هذه العلاقةِ كَانتْ ذات دلالة الأحصائية (P <0.001). وان ربّات البيوت كُنّ في الخطرِ الأعلى مِنْ حدوث الإضطرابات النفسيةِ وعدمِ إستقرار الشخصيةِ بالمقارنة مع النِساءَالعاملات. هذه النتائجِ كَانتْ ذات دلالة الأحصائية أيضاً (P <0.001).التوصيات: آخذين بنظر الأعتبار الإنتشارِ العاليِ للمشاكلِ الشخصيةَ والإضطرابات النفسيةَ بين النِساءِ العقيماتِ، مما يستوجب اهتمام أكثرِ جديّة مِنْ قبل اخصائيات النسائية ، أطباء النفسية وعلماء النفس لمعالجةِ هذه الاِضطراباتِ. و إستعمال العلاج النفسي، بالوسائل المساندة خاصة، و يجب أنْ يؤخذ بنظر الإعتبار كجزء مِنْ الإطارِ العلاجّيِ العامِّ للعُقُمِ.


Article
Toxoplasma gondii infection in patients with schizophrenia
عدوى التوكسوبلازما جوندي في مرضى الفصام

Authors: Sirwan K. Ali --- Saeed K. Hussain --- Hawre M. Bakre
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 874-879
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Schizophrenia is a complex chronic neuropsychiatric disease of the central nervous system, believed to have multiple etiologies. Toxoplasma gondii has emerged as an interesting candidate as a possible cause of some cases of schizophrenia. As there is scarce information about the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in psychiatric patients in Erbil; we investigated the seroprevalence of T.gondii in schizophrenic patients and compared with that obtained from control individuals in Erbil correlated with inflammatory marker C-reactive protein. Method: This case control study included 93 schizophrenic patients seeking medical advice at Hawler Psychiatric Hospital and private clinics with 93 non psychiatric control were screened for the presence of anti-toxoplasma IgG, IgM (by ELISA test) and C-reactive protein using qualitative methods. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic and behavioral data among the respondents.Results: In chronic cases anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies were seropositive in 30/93 (32.3%) of the schizophrenic patients and 4/93(4.3%) of control (P <0.001). The seropositive rate of IgM antibodies was 9.7% and 1.1% among schizophrenic patients and control, respectively (P = 0.006). The result of C-reactive protein positivity among patients and control was 23.6% and 3.22%, respectively (P <0.001). Conclusion: Our results delineate that association might exist between Toxoplasma gondii infection and schizophrenia etiology


Article
Depression among Patients Attending Physiotherapy Clinics in Erbil City
الاكتئاب بين المرضى الذين يراجعون عيادات العلاج الطبيعي في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Diyar H. Tahir --- Jwan M. Zangana --- Sirwan K. Ali
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2009 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 22-27
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Background and Objectives: Depression is a condition that worsens the prognosis of patients undergoing physiotherapy treatment; it is underestimated and under-recognized. The objectives of this study were to detect the prevalence, severity and type of depressive disorder among patients attending the physiotherapy clinic, and analysis the factors that influencing the occurrence of depression and its severity.Methods: Cross sectional study was carried out with (200) patients attending physiotherapy clinic in Hawler and Rizgary Teaching Hospitals in Erbil City from 2nd January -2nd march 2009. Data about demographic characteristics of the sample, utilization of health services, and type of physical diseases were obtained by direct questioning the patients. Depression was assessed by means of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9).Results: Point prevalence of depression was estimated to be 56% (27% mild, 20.5% moderate and 8.5% sever) among this population of patients attending an outpatient physical therapy clinic. Female gender, old age and married patients were suffering from sever depressive disorders .Conclusions: The high prevalence of depression in patients attending physiotherapy clinics suggests that consideration should be given to screen the psychological.

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