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Article
Assessment of the S100 Protein of the Common Peroneal Nerves in Diabetic Patients

Authors: Payman Jamal --- Talib Jawad Kazim --- Hewa Banna
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 126-133
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The present work designed to study the Immunohistochemical changes of the common peroneal nerves of 30 diabetic patients (8 females and 22 males), their age ranging between (55-75) years and identical samples from 30 un diabetic cadavers (4 females and 26 males) newly imported to department of forensic medicine, at age of (25-50) years as control group. The multiple regression analysis showed significant effect, of age, male gender and duration of diabetes on the development of neuropathy. The protein S100 was significantly depleted in common peroneal nerves samples taken from diabetic patients. The male gender, age progression and to a lesser extent the duration of the disease observed to be risk factors aggravating the depletion of the S100 protein. The present study concluded that neurological factors were simultaneously responsible for the pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and the age, male gender and a lesser extent the diabetic period may act as risk factors.


Article
Determination of GLUT3 and GLUT8 Protein in the Testis of Diabetic Rats Treated with Aqueous Eextract of Cymbopogon* Citrates

Authors: Hewa Banna --- Talib Jawad Kazim --- Hero Khalid Mustafa
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 215-226
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The present study was designed to obtain the localization of (glucose transporter 3) GLUT3 and GLUT8 protein in the testis of diabetic rats which were treated by aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus (100 mg/kg) once daily. Diabetes induced to the labratory animals (Sprague dawly rats) by alloxan injection (90 mg / kg .bw. by a single intraperitonial injection). The experiment lasted for five months during which the animals were divided into diabetic and non-diabetic normal groups. Significant increase was obtained in the localization of (glucose transporter 3) GLUT3 protein in diabetic testis in all age groups, with significant decrease in both (glucose transporter 8) GLUT8 protein localization in testes in all age groups in comparisons with normal groups. In brief the herb used in this study resulted in the increase in GLUT8 protein ( glucose transporter 8) with decrease in GLUT3 protein ( glucose transporter 3), therefore one can conclude that the herb might be used for the minimized the disorder of male reproductive during diabetes.


Article
Histopathological and Histochemical Changes of the Popliteal Artery in Diabetic Patients

Authors: Payman Jamal Muhamad Ameen --- Talib Jawad Kazim --- Hewa Baker
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2014 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 8-17
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Back ground: A lot of previous researches studded the endoneural microangiopathy and small vessels diabetic pathological change, but little studded about the diabetic angiopathy of the larger vessels like popliteal artery and related diabetic risk factors .Accordingly the present work designed to study the structural and histochemical changes of the popliteal artery as one of the medium size vessels.Objective: Evaluation of the histopathological and histochemical measurement, of the popliteal artery in diabetic male and female patients with different duration of the diseases, in comparison with normal non diabetic samples. Patient and methods: Histological sections, taken from amputated legs of 30 diabetic patients (8 females and 22 males) at age of (55-75) years, and 30 cadavers (4 females and 26 males) at age of (25-50) years as control group. Results: Histological sections from the popliteal artery of diabetic patients, showed marked decrease in the diameter of the lumen, reduced thickness of tunica media and adventitia, but increase in the thickness of tunica intimae and basement membrane. The loss of endothelium in some places, cellular infiltrations in tunica media with Periodic Acid Schiff positive particles, and in more advance cases calcifications, and organized thrombus was also detected. The multiple regression analysis, showed significant effect of duration of diabetes on the diameter of the lumen, and thickness of the wall and the tunica intima and media of the popliteal artery.


Article
Abnormal Urinalysis in Acute Appendicitis

Authors: Athraa Kahtan Azez --- Talib Jawad Kazim --- Mukdad Fuaad Abdul_alkareem
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2014 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 60-65
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: The correlation between urinalysis and appendicitis is still unclear. Urinalysis can be depended may aid diagnose and compare acute perforated and non-perforated appendicitis.Objective: To determine the correlation between routine urinalysis and simple and perforated appendicitis. Methods: The patients (210) analyzed prospectively with clinically suspected acute appendicitis that underwent urinalysis followed by appendectomy at Baquba Teaching Hospital, during the period from August 2013 to March 2014. Urine test strip analysis was used.Results: Patients with acute appendicitis had a higher percentage of positive urine ketone bodies, higher specific gravity, and lower urine pH than patients with normal appendices. Such and other parameters and such data were much higher in patients with perforated appendix. Conclusion: Routine urinalysis may show differences in findings between simple and perforated appendicitis. Clinically, we believe these urine parameters may aid clinicians in decision making for patients with suspected appendicitis.


Article
Ultrasonographic study of Renal Pelvicalyceal System, and its dilatation, which may indicates for acute appendicitis
دراسة منظومة حوض والكاس الزهري الكلوي بالامواج فوق الصوتية ، وتوسّعه الذي قد يعتبر احدى اعراض إلتهاب الزائدة الدودية الحاد

Authors: Suhel Alnajjar M --- Talib Jawad Kazim طالب جواد كاظم --- Mohamed Elshequer, H محمد شكور
Journal: Thi-Qar Medical Journal مجلة ذي قار الطبية ISSN: 19929218 Year: 2010 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 72-80
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:The present measured the ultrasonographic parameters of the pelvicalyceal system in dyspeptic individuals (263), and another (168) males and (158) females patients who have been diagnosed as cases of acute appendicitis (AA). Samples of their appendices’ and peritoneal fluid were taken for histopathological, microbial and immunological studies. The white blood cell count (WBC) and general urine exam (GUE) were estimated for all subjects, which were used in this study prior to appendectomy.This study revealed that (34%) of the patients , were accompanied by right pelvicalyceal system dilatation (RPCSD), (1.5%) effected bilateral pelvicalyceal system dilatation (PCSD,) preoperatively and continued for three to four weeks, post operatively, but all of the cases followed up; restored normal pelvicalyceal system (PCS) later to the appendectomy.

الخلاصة من الملاحض خلال السنوات الاخيرة إستعمل الفحص بالامواج فوق الصوتية بشكل واسع لإثبات التشخيص في الحالات المشكوك فيها لإلتهاب الزائدة الدودية الحادّ (AA)،. استخدمت الدراسة الحالية الامواج فوق السوتية لانها تعتبر إحدى الوسائل التشريحية وخصوصا لايجاد مقاييس منظومة حوض والكاس الزهري الكلوي والختلافات المرضية والتشريحية في الزائدة الدودية الاعضاء الداخلية الاخرى التي ممكن ان تسبب توسع حوض الكلية والكاس الزهري الكلوي .استخدمت الدراسة: (263) متطوع ممن يشكون من سوء الهظم وبدون عراض مرضية اخرى ، (168) شخص يعاني من التهاب الزائدة الدودية الحاد و(158) مريضة بإلتهاب الزائدة الدودية الحادّ، تم اخذ عينات من السائل ابريتوني من الجوف البطني للمرضى اثناء اجراء عملية استاصال الزائدة الدودية، وعينات من الزائدة الملتهبة وغير الملتهبة وتم اجراء الفحص النسيجي والمناعي والمجهري لها . اخذت كذلك عينات من دم وبول الاشخاص المستخدمين في الاختبارلاحصاء خليايا الدمّ البيض (WBC) وتحليل البول العامّ (GUE) لكلّ المواضيع التي قدّمت في هذه الدراسة قبل عملية إستئصال الزائدة الدودية. هذه الدراسة كشفت بأنّ (34 %) من المرضى، كان لديهم توسع في منظومة حوض والكاس الزهري الكلوي مصحاحب لالتهلب الزائدة الدودية الحاد ، نسبة (1.5%) من الحالات كان قد حدث توسّع في الكليتين اليمنى واليسرى وكان موجود قبل الجراحة ومستمر لثلاثة إلى أربعة أسابيع بعد اجراء عملية استاصال الزائدة، لكن كلّ حالات توسع منظومة حوض والكاس الزهري الكلوي فيها عادت الوضع الطبيعي بعد عملية الاستاصال بثلاثة الى اربعة اسابيع

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