research centers


Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by

Article
Bullying among school adolescents in Erbil city of Iraq

Authors: Beena Halko Ahmed Shawki --- Tariq Salman Al-Hadithi
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2019 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 194-205
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: Bullying (being a bully or a victim of bullying) is a common problem for children all around the world. The prevalence of bullying varies depending on the age, gender, and race of the individuals involved. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of each form of bullying among school adolescents of both genders and to measure the association of different forms of bullying with the sociodemographic characteristics.Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study done in public schools across Erbil city of Kurdistan region of Iraq for the educational year 2016-2017. The sample was collected by multistage cluster sampling technique with a total number of 35 schools distributed through the six municipalities of Erbil. Data collection was done through a self-reported close-ended questionnaire.Results: A total of 1070 school adolescents participated in this study. The mean age was 15.56 ±1.41 years, and males were 51.8% of the sample making male to female ratio 1:0.9. Sixty percent of the students reported being involved in bullying at least once through the last semester of the school year, 3.0% were bullies, 26.2% were both bullies and being bullied, and 31.8% were victims of bullying.Bullying, victimization, and bully-victims were significantly higher among boys compared to girls for all forms of bullying. Significantly higher bullying prevalence was noticed among Arabs compared to Kurds and Turkmen.Conclusion: Bullying behavior seems to be a widespread problem in schools of Erbil city.


Article
Body weight and eating habits of school students in Kore sub-district of Erbil: A cross-sectional study
وزن الجسم وعادات الأكل لدى طلاب المدارس في منطقة كورى في أربيل: دراسة مقطعية

Authors: Tariq Salman Al-Hadithi --- Awring Marouf Raouf --- Kameran Hassan Ismail --- Yassin Ahmad Asa`ad
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 2 Pages: 942-948
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate in both developing and developed countries. The aim of this study was to assess the weight of a sample of school students and its association with their eating habits and life-style practices.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 477 students selected from four intermediate and secondary schools in Kore sub-district in Erbil, Iraq. Data on the students’ eating and drinking habits, in addition to weight, height, smoking and other life style habits were collected through a self- administered questionnaire.Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity (categorized into one group) was more common among female students than male students (19.9% and 11.8%, respectively) with a significantly statistical difference (OR=0.536; 95% CI, 0.321-0.894, P= 0.017). Sleeping hours/night was also significantly associated with overweight and obesity, where sleeping less than 6 hours and between 6 and 8 hours was significantly associated with overweight and obesity (P = 0.004 and 0.001, respectively). There was no statistical association between overweight and obesity and all reported eating habits including breakfast, lunch, fried food, vegetables, salads and fruit juice intake, in addition to intake of crisps and cakes, energy providing drinks, soft drinks, and of milk and dairy products.Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among the study sample was low and there was no significant association with the eating habits and life-style practices, apart from those sleeping less than eight hours/nigh.

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (2)


Language

English (2)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2015 (1)