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Assessment of Diabetic patients knowledge regarding its cause, signs, symptoms and treatment therapy in Kirkuk province
تقييم المعرفة مرضى السكري بشأن قضيتها، وعلامات، والأعراض والعلاج العلاج في محافظة كركوك

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit University المجلة الطبية لجامعة تكريت ISSN: 18131638 Year: 2012 Volume: 18- 2 ج2 Issue: 182 Pages: 189-197
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus is a global disease with extreme effect on the quality of life of affected patients. Across- sectional study was conducted in Kirkuk General hospital and Azadi hospital from the period of beginning of January 2012 to the end of March /2012. The aim of the study was to determine the diabetic patients knowledge regarding its definition, causes, signs and symptoms, duration of illness, and treatment therapy and to found any relation between educational level and their knowledge concerning dietary habits of the disease. The study found hat most of the patients aged between 60-69 years (43.5%) with 6-15 years duration of illness and they on Insulin therapy (54.3%). Diabetic knowledge regarding its definition, causes and signs and symptoms was above cut- off point and there is a strong relation between educational level and their knowledge about dietary habits of the disease. Conclusion, there are quite deficient in Diabetic knowledge and there was a socio- demographic factors affecting their knowledge. The current study recommended that an effective educational program regarding the dietary habits of the disease.

داء السكري هو مرض العالمية اعتبارا المدقع على نوعية حياة المرضى المصابين. وقد أجريت الدراسة عبر للقطاعات العامة في كركوك ومستشفى آزادي من فترة بداية من يناير 2012 وحتى نهاية عام 2012 / مارس. كان الهدف من هذه الدراسة لتحديد المعرفة مرضى السكري بشأن تعريفه وأسبابه، وعلامات وأعراض، ومدة المرض، والعلاج العلاج والعثور على أي علاقة بين المستوى التعليمي ومعارفهم بشأن العادات الغذائية للمرض. ووجدت الدراسة قبعة معظم المرضى الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين 60-69 سنة (43.5٪) مع 6-15 سنة مدة المرض، وأنها على الانسولين (54.3٪). وكان السكري المعرفة بشأن تعريفه وأسبابه وعلامات وأعراض أعلاه النقطة الفاصلة وهناك علاقة قوية بين المستوى التعليمي ومعرفتهم العادات الغذائية للمرض.ختاما، هناك نقص في المعرفة تماما السكري وكان هناك العوامل الاجتماعية والديموغرافية التي تؤثر على معرفتهم. الدراسة الحالية بأن برنامج فعال التعليمية بشأن العادات الغذائية للمرض.

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Article
Opinions of Nineveh medical college students regarding current medical educational methods and teaching strategies
آراء نينوى طلاب الجامعات الطبية بشأن الوسائل التعليمية الطبية الحالية واستراتيجيات التدريس

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim Wafa Mahmood Jasim Wafa Mahmood Jasim Wafa Mahmood Jasim
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit University المجلة الطبية لجامعة تكريت ISSN: 18131638 Year: 2013 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 114-119
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Medical education can be defined as the process of teaching , learning and training of students with an ongoing integration of knowledge, experience, skills, qualities, responsibilities and value which qualify an individual to practice medicine. The aim of the study is to improve the quality of medical undergraduate educational strategies and teaching methods among medical schools in Iraq. A descriptive cross- sectional study has been conducted in Nineveh medical College from the period of 1/4/2012 till the end of June / 2012. All the available present medical students were conducted from both third and fifth stage and special questionnaire form was prepared by interviewing with the study sample. 107 medical students were included , 36 students from fifth stage and 71 students from third stage. Majority of study sample were female and they constitute (59- 55.2%) aged between 21- 23 (98- 91.5 %). All the medical students preferred combined method of medical education (72- 67.3%) and they agreed with the theoretical hours are much higher than the practical hours ( 75- 70.1%). The study concluded that combined method of medical education is preferable for all the medical students. The study recommended that more attention for practical demonstration and increased emphasis on better practical training as well as a need to incorporate the clinical sessions for the students to help plan them their future paths and to become a good doctors.

ويمكن تعريف التعليم الطبي بأنها عملية التعليم والتعلم و تدريب الطلاب مع التكامل الجارية من المعرفة والخبرة والمهارات و الصفات والمسؤوليات و القيمة التي تؤهل الفرد لممارسة الطب . الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو تحسين نوعية الاستراتيجيات التعليمية الجامعية الطبية و طرق التدريس بين كليات الطب في العراق. وقد أجريت دراسة مستعرضة وصفية في كلية الطب نينوى عن الفترة من 1/4/2012 حتى نهاية يونيو / 2012. أجريت جميع طلاب الطب المتاحة حاليا من كل من المرحلة الثالثة والخامسة و نموذج استبيان خاص تم إعداده من خلال مقابلة مع عينة الدراسة . أدرجت 107 طلاب الطب ، 36 طالبا من المرحلة الخامسة و 71 طالبا من المرحلة الثالثة . وكانت الغالبية العظمى من عينة الدراسة من الإناث و أنها تشكل ( 59-55،2 ٪ ) الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين 21-23 ( 98-91،5 ٪ ) . كل طلاب الطب يفضل طريقة الجمع بين التعليم الطبي ( 72-67،3 ٪ )، وأنها اتفقت مع الساعات النظرية هي أعلى بكثير من ساعات العملية ( 75-70،1 ٪ ) . خلصت الدراسة إلى أن طريقة الجمع بين التعليم الطبي هو الأفضل لجميع طلاب الطب . وأوصت الدراسة أن المزيد من الاهتمام ل مظاهرة العملية و زيادة التركيز على التدريب العملي أفضل ، فضلا عن ضرورة إدماج الدورات السريرية للطلاب للمساعدة في التخطيط لها مساراتها المستقبلية و تصبح الأطباء جيدة.


Article
Kirkuk Technical Institute Students Opinions Regarding the Risk Factors, Health Effects and Protective Measures of Obesity

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 495-501
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Obesity is the excessive accumulation of adipose tissue to an extent that health is impaired. The aim of the study was to assess the students knowledge regarding the risk factors of obesity. A descriptive cross- sectional study has been conducted in Kirkuk Technical Institute from the period of 1st April to end of May 2014.Randomly selected sampling students from first and second stage of two scientific departments and a special questionnaire form was prepared by interviewing with the study sample. 70 students were included, 35 students from Electrical department and 35 students from Survey dept . Majority of study students are male (37- 52.8%), aged < 20 years (45- 64.3%), and from first class (45- 64.3%). Most of students from both departments (Electrical and Survey) agree with the psychological effect of obesity (17- 48.6%), (18- 51.4%).Most of study students go with the effect of gender as a risk factor in obesity. The study concluded that most of study students go with the eating sweet diets, soft drinks, and exercises > 30 minutes are the major risk factors for obesity occurrence.


Article
Effect of Tobacco Smoking on Hemoglobin Level among Kirkuk Technical Institute Students

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 603 -609
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Smoking is regarded as one of the most common unhealthy habits that affect human health because of its impacts on other body organs . The aim was to determine the impact of cigarettes smoking regarding the Hemoglobin level. among Kirkuk- technical institute students . Across- sectional study was done and a randomly selected sample (30 smokers and 30 non – smokers students from the same age between 19-20 years ) from different scientific depts. in Kirkuk Technical Institute after receiving their agreements to participate in the study which was started from 1/11/2015 till 1/2/2016 .A special questionnaire sheet prepared for this purpose and Hemoglobin estimation was done in primary health center which belongs to Kirkuk technical institute by using Sahli's haemoglobinometer which is the documented method used in primary health center . The study results show that 85.0 % living inside Kirkuk city and most of students from administrative dept .(70.0%) , 21 smoker students ( 70%) and 23 non- smoker students (76.7%) from were aware from the dangerous effect of smoking on human health .The study concluded that early establishment of smoking in young age group lead to more complications . The study recommended that advanced educational programs about the effect of smoking and its relation to diseases occurrence in other body organs and further future complications lead to death .


Article
Assessment of the Clinical Features Associated with Premenstrual Tension Syndrome among Kirkuk Technical Institute Students with Possible Preventive Strategies

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2018 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-73
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Menstruation is regarded as a very critical period in female life and a wide range of symptoms may be occur before the onsetof the cycle and later on it starts to remove or absent gradually. Objective: The study aimed to assess the clinical features associated with thepre- menstrual tension syndrome among female students and to participate a suggested preventive strategies. Methods: A descriptive crosssectionalstudy was carried out in Kirkuk Technical Institute during the period from 1st February/ 2015 till the end of May /2015 after receivingthe administrative agreement and a verbal consent was taken from each student before establishing the study. The sample was collectedrandomly and 200 female students were collected from two stages (First and second) and from different scientific departments. A specialquestionnaire form has been prepared by the investigator included five main dimensions designed for study purpose. Results: Show thatmost of the study female students were from second stage (75.5%), aged between 18-20 years (82.5%) and majority of them started menarcheperiod between the age 12-14 years (50.0%), with regular menstrual cycle (80.5%). More than two third of female students complaining fromclinical features of pre- menstrual tension syndrome (75.6%, 86.1%). Conclusion: Female students from both stages are treated and managedtheir symptoms before and during the menstruation cycle domestically without the need for doctor consultation.


Article
Study the Relation Between Internet Usage and the Occurrence of Depression Among Kirkuk Technical Students

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2019 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 36-40
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Internet is regarded as one of the most indispensable parts in our life, and majority of young and adolescent people interested in theusage of it, but in some cases, these uses are become out of the control which later on lead to a condition called internet addiction in which it willbe the predominant life activity. Objective: A descriptive cross‑sectional study was conducted on Kirkuk Technical Institute students from January1, 2017, to May 30, 2017 to study, if there is any relation between the occurrence of depression and internet usage. Materials and Methods: Thetotal number of students included in the study was 550 from different scientific departments after distributing a special questionnaire formprepared for that purpose, and face‑to‑face interview was conducted after receiving the written consent from them. Results: The study resultsshow that 60.8% of technical study students and 47.3% of students from administrative departments used internet daily, while 46.0% of studentsof health department used it weekly. In addition to that 72.1% and 67.8% male students from technical and administrative departments usedinternet daily, while female students from all departments (technical, administrative, and health) used the internet monthly; in addition to that53.1% of students from administrative departments have a depressive attempts which affects daily activity and work in comparison to 18.5% ofstudents from technical departments. Conclusion: The study concluded that the time spent for internet was about 7–9 h/daily with the presenceof a suggestive depressive symptom which affects daily activity and work. Recommendations: The study recommended that further advancededucational programs about the main adverse effects of the internet and the main possible ways to control its usage.


Article
Assessment knowledge of female academic staff in Kirkuk- Technical Institute to tetanus toxiod vaccination
تقييم معرفة النساء من التدريسيات في المعهد التقني / كركوك حول لقاح الكزاز

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim وفاء محمود جاسم
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 129-138
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background:Tetanus is a preventable disease and no age is immune unless there is a previous protection with tetanus toxiod immunization which is a highly effective and the immunity lasts several years.Objective: To assess the female academic staff knowledge regarding the vaccination status with tetanus toxoid.Patients and Methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted in Kirkuk Technical Institute for the period from 1st January /2014 till the end of May 2014. A randomly selected sample from different scientific departments and a special questionnaire form was prepared by direct interviewing with the study sample and 100 female academic staff were participated in the study after receiving a verbal consent from them before establishing the study.Results: The results revealed that 43.0% of study female academic staff aged ( 41-50 ) years , (53.0% ) having a master certificate , (61.0%) of them are assistant lecturers , and (81.3%) of study female staff were vaccinated with tetanus toxiod ,and 73.6% of them are completed their vaccination schedule with tetanus toxiod during their reproductive life.Conclusion: The study concluded that female staff who are not completed their vaccination status with tetanus toxiod because of over load working.

خلفية الدراسة: يعد لقاح توكسيد الكزاز من الأمور المهمة والذي يجب إن يؤخذ بشكل دوري تحت جدول التلقيحات الذي أقرته منظمة الصحة العالمية من خلال البرنامج الموسع للتلقيحات.اهداف الدراسة: هدفت هذه الدراسة لتقييم معرفة التدريسيات حول التلقيح بلقاح توكسيد الكزاز.المرضى والطرائق : تم إجراء دراسة عشوائية في المعهد التقني / كركوك للفترة من 1/1/2014 ولنهاية شهر 5/2014 حيث تم اختيار عينة من التدريسيات من مختلف الأقسام العلمية عن طريق توزيع استمارة استبيان أعدت من قبل الباحث وتم إجراء المقابلة المباشرة مع العينة المدروسة حيث تم شمول 100 تدريسية بعد اخذ موافقتهن الشفهية قبل البدء بإجراء الدراسة.النتائج: أوضحت النتائج بان (43.0%) من التدريسيات تتراوح أعمارهن بين 41- 50 سنة وان (53.0%) من حملة شهادة الماجستير وان (61.0%) منهن من حملة لقب مدرس مساعد وان (81.3%) من التدريسيات ملقحات بلقاح توكسيد الكزاز وان (73.6%) منهن قد أكملن جدولهن التلقيحي خلال فترة حياتهن الإنجابية.الاستنتاجات : استنتجت الدراسة بان السبب الرئيسي لعدم إكمال بعض التدريسيات للقاح توكسيد الكزاز بسبب ثقل العمل الوظيفي .


Article
Symptamatic Urinary Tract Infection Among Kirkuk Technical Institute Students Attending Primary Health Center
إنتان المجاري البولية غير مصاحب بالإعراض المرضية بين طالبات المعهد التقني كركوك المراجعات للمركز الصحي

Author: Wafa Mahmood Jasim ا.م.د. وفاء محمود جاسم
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2017 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 74-80
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Urinary tract infection is regarded as one of the most common health problem affecting female in all age groups.Objective: To study the presences of a symptomatic urinary tract infection among female students attending primary health center belongs to Kirkuk Technical Institute.Patients and Methods: Across- sectional study was done and a randomly selected sample (80 female students) from different scientific depts. in Kirkuk Technical Institute after receiving their agreements to participate in the study which was started from 1st December 2015 till 1st April 2016. A special questionnaire sheet prepared for this purpose. A general urine exam was done for each student and for the infected females, urine culture and sensitivity was performed.Results: The results show that 80 female students were included in the study, 86.6 % of them aged (18- 20) years and there was a highly significant relationship between the age group < 18 years and the presence of infection with a p value = 0.000. More than half of infected female students (65.4%) having bacteria(bacteriuria) while 15.4% having pus cell (pyuria) and 80.8% of them having positive urine culture which was related to the presence of Escherichia coli (71.5%) .Conclusion: Escherichia coli was the frequent bacteria among positive growth in infected females.

خلفية الدراسة: يعتبر التهاب المجاري البولية احد أهم المشاكل الصحية الرئيسية التي تصيب النساء في مختلف الأعمار .اهداف الدراسة : لدراسة انتشار التهاب المجاري البولية الغير مصاحب بالإعراض والعلامات بين طالبات المعهد التقني / كركوك والمراجعات للمركز الصحي التابع للمعهد التقني .المرضى والطرائق : أجريت دراسة عرضية و اختيرت عينة عشوائية من 80 طالبة من مختلف الأقسام العلمية بعد اخذ موافقتهم الشخصية على إجراء البحث للفترة من 1/12/2015 ولغاية 1/4/2016 حيث صممت استمارة استبيان أعدت للبحث وتم فحص البول العام لكل طالبة وإجراء زرع الإدرار للطالبات المصابات بالالتهاب فقط .النتائج: أظهرت النتائج بان 80 طالبة قد شملت بالدراسة وان 86.6% منهن تتراوح أعمارهن بين 18- 20 سنة وان هناك علاقة إحصائية معنوية بين العمر الذي هو اقل من 18 سنة ونسبة وجود لتهاب المجاري البولية بقيمة 0.000 وان أكثر من نصف العدد للطالبات المصابات بالالتهاب ( 65.4%) يحتوي إدرارهن على بكتريا بينما شكلن 15.4% منهن على وجود خلايا التهابية ( قيحية ) في إدرارهن وان( 80.8% ) منهن كانت نتيجة الفحص ألمختبري لإدرارهن موجبا والذي يعود بسبب وجود بكتريا كولاي حيث شكلن نسبة (71.5%) .الاستنتاجات: ان البكتريا الأكثر انتشارا بين الطالبات المصابات بالهاب المجاري البولية من خلال زرع الإدرار الذي اظهر نتائج ايجابية لبكتريا كولاي.


Article
The Reality of New Updated Technology Application in The Curriculum According to Total Quality Management Indicators
واقع توظيف التقانات الحديثة في المناهج الدراسية وفق معايير الجودة الشاملة

Authors: Wafa Mahmood Jasim وفاء محمود جاسم --- Enas Faek Aziz ايناس فائق عزيز
Journal: TANMIAT AL-RAFIDAIN تنمية الرافدين ISSN: PISSN: 1609591X / EISSN: 2664276X Year: 2013 Volume: 35 Issue: 114 Pages: 215-230
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The vocational institutions interest appeared in the total quality management through the educational approach including technical aspect. The study aimed to visualize the students perspectives for the main benefits of formative technology through special questionnaire form conducted for the final stages of both KIRKUK Technical Institute and College from the period of 1/12/ 2011 till 1/5/2012 . Data collected and analyzed statistically and it was found that majority of students preferred formative technology learning because of time consuming reasons (16- 88%) and most of them agreed with application of this technology in teaching field for communication improvement and strengthen the scientific qualification (93%).The research concluded that informative technology have a good approach in teaching aspect to gain a better future results and it recommended that establishment of strong scientific back ground for good quality of life .

ظهر اهتمام المؤسسات التربوية بتطبيق منهج إدارة الجودة الشاملة في المجال التعليمي ومن ضمنه التعليم التقني. ويهدف البحث إلى تضمين وجهات نظر الطلبة لأهم جوانب وفوائد تقانة المعلومات، إذ صممت استمارة استبيان ووزعت على طلبة الصفوف المنتهيـة للمعهد التقنـي والكلية التقنـية /كـركـوك للمدة من 1/12 /2011 ولغاية 1/5/ 2012 . تم جمع البيانات المستحصلة وتحليلها إحصائيا، إذ لوحظ بأن أغلبية الطلبة يفضلون التعليم المبني على تقانة المعلومات بسبب ربح الوقت والجهد حيث شكلوا (16-88%) وان معظمهم يتفقون مع تطبيق تقانة المعلومات في مجالات التعليم لسهولة الاتصالات وتقوية المؤهلات العلمية حيث شكلوا أكثر من ثلثي العينة وبواقع 93%. استنتجت الدراسة بأن استخدام التقانة الحديثة في التعليم له أهمية قصوى في الحصول على نتائج مستقبلية، وأوصت الدراسة بإنشاء قاعدة قوية من المعلومات التي من شأنها تعريف الطلبة بأهمية هذا النظام في المستقبل.


Article
Design Adaptive Encryption Algorithm by using Sumerian numbers
تصميم خوارزمية تشفير باستخدام الارقام السومرية

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Abstract

The widely uses of computer and communication technology in sending and receiving the message and information need a new processes and algorithms for protection them and this was done by Encryption . The study aimed to design a new algorithm encryption by using the Sumerian number and numerical system which was innovated through the induction of a new pictographic picture and they prepared the recent number since 3000 B.C. During the research design compensatory encryption algorithm using Visual Basic to convert the input messages (explicit text), whether it was letters or symbols or prepare to form a(symbol) token, which is a series of cuneiform symbols (cipher text)Incomprehensible to the recipient, leading to lack of knowledge of the spam message contents and thus increases the degree of security and hardness information sent And to the fact that the Sumerian numbers are not known to many people with the possibility of use in the letters and medical reports encryption .During the conclusion of the study easily use the algorithm and the lack of cost or their need additional hardware and high flexibility. The study also recommended the development of the algorithm using double encryption more powerful ways which operates the keys and with the possibility of developed using encryption methods of programming languages such as (matlab, vb.net) and the other, in order to increase the strength of encryption .

يعد الاستخدام الواسع لتقنية الحاسوب والاتصالات في ارسال واستلام الرسائل والمعلومات يحتاج الى طرق وخوارزميات جديدة لحماية هذه المعلومات عن طريق التشفير (Encryption). ان هدف البحث هو تصميم خوارزمية جدبدة تقوم بتشفير المعلومات باستخدام الارقام السومرية والنظام العددي السومري حيث ابتكر السومريين الكتابة التصويرية (البكتوكرافات) وتمكنوا من ابتكار الارقام التي يرجع تأريخها الى 3300 ق.م , تم خلال البحث تصميم خوارزمية تشفير تعويضية باستخدام لغة فيجول بيسك (Visual Basic ) لتحويل الرسائل المدخلة (النص الصريح ) سواءا كان حروف او رموز او اعداد الى اشكال صورية(رمزية) والتي هي عبارة عن سلسلة من الارقام المسمارية (النص المشفر ) غير مفهومة للمستلم مما يؤدي الى عدم معرفة المتطفل لمحتويات الرسالة وبالتالي يزيد من درجة امنية وصلادة المعلومات المرسلة وذلك لكون النظام الاعداد السومرية غير معروفة لدى العديد من الناس وامكانية استخدامها في تشفير الرسائل والتقارير الطبية .استنتجت من خلال الدراسة بسهولة استخدام الخوارزمية وعدم تكلفتها او احتياجها الى اجهزة اضافية وبالمرونة العالية. كما اوصت الدراسة بتطوير الخوارزمية باستخدام طرق تشفير مزدوجة اكثر قوة التي تعمل على اكثر من مفتاح مع امكانية تطويرها باستخدام طرق تشفير ولغات برمجية كـ(Matlab,vb.Net)اخرى بهدف زيادة قوة التشفير .

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